Health

Premenopause and menses - on general well-being and other facts

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Climax is one of the periods in the life of every woman. At this point, the hormonal background of the body changes, the periods stop, ovulation disappears, the ovaries and pituitary function decrease. Very often, the restructuring of the body comes to fifty years, but there are cases when women have menopause at forty years. In this case, we are talking about an early menopause. Why is there a premature menopause? What are the causes of early menopause, its consequences and danger? Is it necessary to treat early hormonal changes? What drugs will be effective? What should a woman do during this period of her life?

Early menopause is considered to be the one that comes about 40 years

Main reasons

Hormonal transformation of the body for each beautiful half individually. Early menopause in women under the age of forty-five years very often occurs due to serious diseases. The most common causes of early menopause:

  • removal of the ovaries,
  • oncological diseases,
  • abdominal trauma,
  • chemotherapy,
  • heredity,
  • tumors of the genitourinary system
  • congenital abnormalities
  • endocrine system.

The climacteric period, which occurred at the age of 35–45 years, is rare and requires compulsory treatment.

It is important to know: a woman who has not been operated on and does not have the above abnormalities, noticing irregular periods or symptoms of early menopause should immediately consult a doctor. In this case, changes in the body may not be associated with menopause.

If you remove the ovaries, menopause comes early

Symptoms and signs

Symptoms of early menopause are similar to the usual menopausal period, which occurs at the right time, at the age of 50-55 years. The first bell can be considered the occurrence of hot flashes and irregular menstruation. There is increased sweating, throws into the fever, then sharply into the cold, the skin of the hands becomes red, constant weakness, heart palpitations, decrease or increase in pressure. Such symptoms can last for 5–10 minutes and repeat 24 times in 24 hours, which is quite bad for the general condition. Also, suddenly comes migraine and dizziness, memory deteriorates, sleep is disturbed, frequent depressive state, dryness and itching of the genital organs, painful sensations during sexual intercourse. Early menopause provokes the appearance of excess weight. This is due to metabolic disturbances, regular stresses and a sedentary lifestyle.

The first signs of menopause:

  • Irregular periods. They can be long or short.
  • Tides
  • Changing emotional status. Appears irritation, lack of restraint, depression and confusion.
  • Insomnia.
  • Signs of weight gain.

Unreasonable weight gain can be a sign of approaching menopause.

What is the threat of early menopause? Effects

Menopause, which occurred at the age of 35-40 years, can cause a lot of serious violations to the female body. What is dangerous early menopause?

  • Provokes rapid aging of the skin, the appearance of wrinkles and age spots. The body needs the missing estrogens, which causes flabbiness of skin tissue and dry eyes.
  • The metabolic process is disturbed, there is a rapid development of cardiovascular diseases. There is a risk of heart attack and stroke.
  • Early menopause has come, but the ovaries continue their work for some time, producing androgens. They influence the change in the female figure. In the period of early menopause, the woman recovers. An increase in fat deposits in the abdomen, thighs and buttocks is observed.
  • The mammary glands are also subject to modification. The chest loses its shape and elasticity.
  • There is a loss of intellectual abilities.
  • At the time of the climacteric period, the body stops taking insulin, which may lead to the development of diabetes, and in the future it will require difficult treatment.
  • The worst thing is that early menopause can contribute to the development of osteoporosis, which occurs 2-3 years after the end of menstruation.

The consequences of early menopause bears one result - the extinction of the body, the cessation of the activity of the eggs, menstruation and the inability to conceive. There is a destruction of bone tissue, in rare cases, early menopause contributes to the development of tumors, brittle nails and hair loss.

Osteoporosis of bones: on the left - normal bone, on the right - affected by osteoporosis

Doctor's recommendations

As soon as a woman discovers the primary manifestations of menopause, such as irregular menses, malaise, frequent mood swings, insomnia, and hot flashes, the following actions should be taken:

  • Get an immediate survey. It is advisable to visit a gynecologist at least once every six months.
  • To undergo prevention of cardiovascular systems. Consult with a doctor about the possible treatment and taking the necessary drugs.
  • Follow a diet.
  • If an early menopause occurs between the ages of 30–35 years in women who have not given birth, an urgent need to consult a specialist. The doctor will be able to prescribe a complete treatment and hormone therapy of the ovaries.

Important: timely referral to a specialist cannot guarantee the retreat of an early menopause, but the chances of subsequently conceiving a child increase significantly. When running forms, the doctor may be powerless.

Healthy food will help to suspend early menopause.

Early menopause treatment

Hormone therapy is most effective with early menopause. Treatment of menopause can be done with pills, vaginal suppositories, patches, spirals. All of these drugs supply the body with a sufficient dose of estrogen. Taking medication, hormonal drugs for at least two years, a woman will safely endure menopause. It is also very important to eat right. Vegetables, herbs, milk, kefir and fruit should come first, but food of animal content should be consumed in small quantities.

A maximum of sports training, walking and swimming will significantly improve the general condition, the hormonal background of the body, ensure the regularity of menstruation, as well as guarantee a quick and effective recovery.

The use of hormonal therapy is contraindicated for varicose veins, diabetes, tumors, the patient's liver. In these cases, patients are prescribed non-hormonal treatment.

Vegetables and herbs should be included in the daily diet.

Femoston application

Femoston is a biphasic drug that eliminates the symptoms of menopause. Helps to cope with hot flashes, wrinkles, increased appetite, reduces sexual desire, irritation, rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, normalizes menstruation. Femoston has three types of therapeutic action. Each species has a different hormone content and for each woman the drug treatment is selected individually.

Femoston is the most modern drug with a low dose of hormones. It includes estradiol and didrogesterone.

Estradiol, in the composition of femoston, is similar to a natural substance. He compensates for estrogen in the female body, which quickly dies away in the hour of premature menopause. Estradiol actively fights insomnia, hot flashes, sweating, dizziness, skin aging, and unpleasant sensations during sexual intercourse.

Didrogesteron, as part of femoston, provides endometrial growth, reduces the development of tumors and hyperplasia. This hormone has only these actions and was specifically added to femoston to prevent the development of endometrial cancer.

Femoston helps to smooth out the symptoms of menopause

Femoston overdose and interaction with other drugs

No cases of femoston overdose were recorded, but theoretically it is possible. Overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, and migraines. There is no antidote for femoston poisoning, so the most effective method of salvation is gastric lavage, taking activated charcoal or polysorb.

When femoston interacts with barbiturates such as phenytoin, rifabutin, nevirapim or felbamate, the activity of a hormonal drug is enhanced. Phytodrugs that contain the percentage of Hypericum, remove femoston components.

Prevention of early menopause

Preventive actions should begin long before the climacteric period. First of all, it is necessary to avoid stressful situations and infectious diseases. An important method of prevention is hardening and compliance with proper nutrition. Try to avoid physical and moral stress. As often as possible to visit the pools, do jogging and exercise. Do not overwork, do not protect yourself from a good rest and sleep.

Prevention of early menopause does not prevent the appearance of menopause, but can significantly delay the deadline, thereby the menopause will take its course, at the age of 50-55 years.

Early menopause is not a diagnosis. Its course can go smoothly and painlessly, if you turn to a specialist in time and follow all the instructions. Namely, doing gymnastics, dieting, taking the necessary medicines and menopause will pass unnoticed and quickly!

Hormonal changes

When premenopause occurs, the hormonal background of the woman’s body begins to change. For example, such hormones as: estrogen, progesterone significantly reduced in their performance. And such a hormone as follicle-stimulating in its performance increases significantly. Also increases the performance of androgen, which is produced by the adrenal glands, is considered a male sex hormone. Androgens have the property of being reborn as estrogen in adipose tissue.

In the body there are changes on the part of such a hormone as prolactin. Prolactin is responsible for the regularity of the menstrual cycle and ovulation. During the premenopause, this hormone is active, which leads to:

  • the formation of new cells in the uterus,
  • the formation of new cells in the breast,
  • the onset of an irregular menstrual cycle.

In premenopausal women, all female hormones are just beginning to rebuild. Their number may for a long time be almost unchanged from the usual level. Full hormonal change occurs during the onset of menopause. That is why we should not forget that in the period of premenopause the chances of getting pregnant are great.

Schedule of hormone changes in women

Symptoms and features of the premenopause period

During this period, the female body is subject to a variety of changes. Changes often do not only occur on the part of the reproductive, reproductive system. Changes may occur in other organs and body systems. For example, the first signs of premenopause include:

  • irregular periods,
  • tides
  • menstrual flow is different from the usual (they are sometimes more, then less)
  • the presence of clots in the menstrual flow,
  • decrease in sexual desire
  • frequent headache
  • mood swings
  • frequent urination,
  • excessive sweating
  • pain in the chest area
  • pain in the abdomen,
  • changes in the genital mucosa,
  • brittle nails, hair loss,
  • malfunctions of other body systems (GIT, cardiovascular system, endocrine system, central nervous system).

Let's now take a closer look at the most frequent symptoms in more detail.

  • Psycho-emotional system - hormonal fluctuations are directly related to mood swings, both in men and women. But it is especially acutely felt by women.

For this is characteristic:

  • mood swings,
  • sense of anxiety,
  • feeling lonely
  • drowsiness,
  • increased fatigue.

Symptoms and features of the premenopause period

To overcome these symptoms, it is necessary to psychologically prepare yourself for the onset of premenopause.

  • Irregular menstruation is one of the main symptoms of the onset of premenopause. This period is characterized by the onset of menstruation, which alternates with either abundant menstrual flow, or rather scarce menstrual flow. Also, the duration of menstrual flow may vary from the usual. Discharge can pass quickly or vice versa the period of menstrual flow increases.
  • Tides during premenopause. In the body, thermoregulation changes dramatically, which leads to frequent flushes. The woman feels the feeling of heat, sometimes the heat can be replaced by a chill. All this leads to increased sweating. Often the tides occur quite often. During the day, a woman can experience them up to 65 times. They come at any time of the day. Also, the body temperature can constantly change.
  • Headaches bother a woman as a result of frequent changes in blood pressure. Since hormonal changes lead to a sharp disruption of the water-salt metabolism. And as you know, water-salt metabolism is responsible for the work of some parts of the brain. Malfunction of the exchange leads to accumulation of blood and extracellular fluid, which leads to fluid retention in the body and, as a consequence, an increase in blood volume. This is what leads to blood pressure surges.
  • Pain in the chest during premenopause. The body lacks oxygen. This adversely affects the heart muscle and can be the result of coronary heart disease.
  • Pain in the abdomen and lower back during the premenopause. The first to undergo changes is the sexual system. It is known that pain, both in the lower abdomen and lower back, is directly related to certain diseases of the pelvic organs. So it is possible that the lower back may be disturbed due to a deficiency of calcium in the body.
  • Gastrointestinal tract malfunction during premenopause. Often there are frequent constipation and intestinal disorders.
  • Reduced sexual desire during the onset of premenopause. Characteristic: dry vagina, burning, pain during intercourse, sometimes itching. All this leads to the fact that a woman refuses sex.
  • Obesity during menopause. Not only hormonal changes occur, but also a disturbance of many exchanges, which leads to a sharp increase in body weight.
  • Osteoporosis. There is a weakening of the bone tissue. This occurs as a result of an insufficient amount of calcium in the body. The joints are most susceptible, the bones become brittle. It is necessary to limit yourself from strong loads, enter the correct diet.
  • Cystitis. Since there is practically no mucus in the vagina during premenopause. This leads to the entry of bacteria. What is a consequence of the inflammatory processes of the genitourinary system.

Premenopause and menstrual cycle

As you already understood, premenopause and the menstrual cycle are very strongly connected with each other. Premenopause ends with menopause when menstruation stops.

During the premenopausal period, the menstrual cycle is characterized by significant changes. As a rule, menstrual flow can come with a delay of several days to several weeks. Also, the duration of menstrual flow is mainly different - from a few days to 7 days.

Violation of the menstrual cycle during premenopause is the norm.

Features that are characteristic of menstrual flow during premenopause:

  • Short and scanty discharge - usually understood as the norm.
  • Abundant and prolonged discharge - in this case, you should consult a gynecologist. In this case, the duration of the discharge more than 7 days.
  • Impurities clots in the discharge - the reason to also consult a gynecologist.

Delay of menstruation

Due to the strong hormonal changes in the woman's body, the work of the entire reproductive system is reorganized. Ovulation is becoming less and less, the menstrual cycle is gradually reduced, menstrual flow changes.

When menstrual delays occur, this indicates that the body is prepared for the onset of menopause. Every woman has a delay occurring individually. For someone, they are 2 months old, and someone for half a year. The duration of delays is constantly increasing, the discharge itself begins to gradually pass.

Abundant discharge

According to statistics, about 28% of women suffer from quite strong secretions during the premenopause period. For such menstrual flow is characterized by: severe bleeding, the presence of blood clots, rich red color. Anemia can develop as a result of such strong menstrual flow. That is why a woman feels:

With such secretions you need to see a doctor.

Progesterone

The hormone is responsible for ovulation. Namely, the stage of release of the egg. Also, progesterone is directly responsible for the accuracy, regularity, duration of the menstrual cycle. The hormone during premenopause can affect the onset of irregular menstruation. When menstruation is absent, progesterone stops being produced.

Hormone change graph

Possible pathologies and complications

As practice shows, the premenopause period passes without complications. Basically, this period brings discomfort to the woman. But in 15% of cases, complications are observed.These include:

  • the duration of menstrual flow is more than 10 days,
  • heavy discharge, in which a woman changes sanitary pads every 3 hours,
  • abnormal discharge between the menstrual cycles.

In such cases, an urgent need to contact a gynecologist.

Diagnostics

Initially, the doctor collects a detailed history of an appointment with a gynecologist. According to the results of your complaints to identify menopause will not be difficult. The doctor prescribes a blood test that aims to:

  • detecting estradiol levels
  • on the value of FSH level,
  • on the ratio of LH and FSH,
  • on the ratio of hormones estradiol - estrone,
  • male hormone levels.

Also appointed:

  • Ultrasonic study of the pelvic organs - on the ultrasound looks the number of follicles.
  • Cytological examination - a smear from the cervical mucosa, where the structure of the mucous membrane is examined.
  • Osteodensitometry - X-ray examination, which allows you to explore the bone cavity.

The premenopause period itself is not considered pathological. However, for some symptoms that cause discomfort to a woman or may cause complications, the doctor may prescribe some treatment. The main indicator is a blood test for hormones. Adjustment of hormonal levels is appointed only after a blood test for hormones. For this, hormone replacement therapy is prescribed. To eliminate negative symptoms during premenopause, such as pain, weakness, flushing, the doctor prescribes non-hormonal drugs.

Indications for hormone replacement therapy

If the following points are observed:

  • early onset of premenopause up to 40 years
  • the onset of artificial menopause (after surgery, such as, for example, removal of the ovaries),
  • pathological symptoms during menopause - hot flashes, insomnia, depression,
  • changes in the genitourinary system - cystitis, colpitis, pain during intercourse,
  • first signs of osteoporosis.

This treatment is possible only with the uterus removed.

  • estrogens are applied by courses of 28 days,
  • daily dose of 2 mg
  • estradiol skin patch,
  • skin gel 0.5 mg day,
  • vaginal cream 0.5-1 mg.

  • daily dosage of 100 mcg,
  • intrauterine device with hormone.

Contains such hormones as estrogen, progesterone. Mostly prescribed contraceptive drugs. The course of treatment and drugs are selected by the doctor strictly individually.

How to correct the symptoms of menopause and delay the onset of menopause?

Postpone the onset of menopause is possible for several years. But it is individual for each woman. Basically, they use phototherapy, the right way of life, hormone therapy. To correct the symptoms you need to see a doctor. Since they are mainly used: drugs containing estrogen-like substances of plant origin, hormone replacement therapy, healthy lifestyle.

What are the possible causes of breast pain in menopause?

Breast pain during menopause is a fairly common symptom. The reason is mainly considered hormone surges. But sometimes there are other reasons. Rare causes: breast cysts, breast injuries, breast cancer, surgery up to, mastitis, large breast volume.

Factors affecting the duration of menopause

Climacteric changes in the body begin approximately at the age of 40-45 years. There are also quite significant deviations that are not considered pathological. Some women already at the age of 35 may develop the characteristic signs of aging of the body, while others may be invisible before age 52. In addition, there are such concepts as "early" (at the age of 35 years and younger), as well as "late" menopause (at the age of 55 years and older). Such anomalies are most often the result of hormonal disorders.

The duration of menopause may significantly deviate upwards or downwards. On average, the restructuring of the body with menopause lasts from 2 to 10 years. There are a number of factors that affect the strength of symptoms and the duration of menopause. These include:

  • age of menopause,
  • general health, in particular, the presence or absence of endocrine diseases, cardiovascular pathologies,
  • immune system condition
  • reproductive health (the presence of diseases of the organs of the reproductive system, the activity of sexual activity, how many women were pregnant, giving birth, abortions, operations on the uterus and ovaries),
  • heredity, age of menopause in the mother, grandmother,
  • lifestyle that a woman leads (emotional and physical activity, bad habits, living conditions).

How long the menopause lasts also depends on how old the woman began puberty, how early she began to live sex life.

What changes occur in the body during menopause

As a result of aging in this transitional period, irreversible changes occur in the state of organs and systems.

Hormonal background. There is an aging of the ovaries. They decrease in volume from 4.5 cu. cm (in premenopause) to 2.5 cu. cm (5 years after the end of menstruation), and then to 1.5 cu. cm (after 10 years). Accordingly, their weight varies from 9.5 g (at the age of 40) to 4.5 g (60 years). They shrink, follicles cease to develop and disappear. Remains mostly connective tissue. This dramatically reduces the production of sex hormones that affect the flow of biochemical reactions associated with cell renewal.

As a result, the child-bearing function ceases, changes in appearance appear (wrinkles, gray hair, changes in posture due to a violation of the bone tissue composition appear). Hormonal changes lead to a decrease in sexual desire.

Metabolism. Its slowdown leads to an increase in body weight, the accumulation of fat in the abdomen. In this way, the body tries to compensate for the lack of estrogens that were previously produced in the ovaries (adipose tissue is also capable of producing them).

Vascular changes. The walls of blood vessels become thinner, their elasticity decreases. This, as well as the wear of the muscular tissue of the heart, leads to fluctuations in blood pressure, the appearance of cardiac arrhythmias. The blood supply to the brain (hence the problems with memory, hearing, vision) and other organs deteriorates.

Neuropsychiatric disorders. Character changes, unpredictable mood changes occur. Disrupted the work of the autonomic nervous system. The consequences of improper thermoregulation are hot flashes and excessive sweating. Headaches and dizziness appear.

Reduced immunity. The weakening of the body's resistance leads to an increased risk of inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. This also contributes to the age-related decline in their protection against the entry of infection due to the deterioration of the glands that produce mucus in the cervix.

Stage menopause. How long do they last

Climacteric changes in the body occur in several stages of varying duration.

Premenopause - This is the stage at which the ovaries are still functioning, but the maturation of the eggs occurs intermittently, ovulations are becoming increasingly rare, which reduces the likelihood of conception. Typically, such processes last 2-3 years, but in some women, premenopause begins at the age of about 40 years, and menstruation stops when the woman is under 50. At the same time, there are discomforts, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, which may lead to the idea of ​​diseases of the reproductive organs.

During examination, the doctor first finds out whether such interruptions are signs of menopause. For this blood test is done on hormones. With the onset of menopause, the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) gradually rises, indicating that the maturation of the follicles is stopped. In the reproductive period, the content of this hormone constantly fluctuates in accordance with the phases of the cycle. In menopause, it grows to a possible maximum and remains consistently high. As a rule, premenopause lasts from 2 to 10 years.

Menopause. So called the period when the onset of menstruation completely stopped. It lasts for 1 year. Only the absence of menstruation during all this time means a complete cessation of the functioning of the ovaries. Lack of sex hormones leads to increased symptoms of menopause. Deficiency of vitamins, calcium and other substances necessary for the body is increasing. This is manifested in the appearance of diseases of the joints and the spine as a result of osteoporosis. During this period, breast tumors are more likely to occur. Strengthens vaginal dryness. The woman is worried about burning and itching in the vagina, inflammation of the bladder, and urinary incontinence.

Postmenopause is the final stage of menopause. It lasts until the end of life. The restructuring of the hormonal background has ended, the manifestations of menopause (flushing, dizziness, sweating, headaches) disappear, but osteoporosis and cardiovascular diseases are progressing. Immunity becomes even weaker. Therefore, the elderly, as well as children, more than the young, are susceptible to infection.

Involution of the mammary glands occurs, muscle tone and subcutaneous fat content on the hands decrease, dry skin becomes, teeth fall out.

How to ease symptoms and delay aging

In order to prepare the body for the onset of menopause and make it flow more relaxed, a woman after 40 years should strenuously take care of her health, 1-2 times a year to undergo gynecological and breast exam. This will help maintain the organs of the reproductive system in a healthy state, detect changes in the mammary glands in time, and prevent hormonal disorders.

If, however, the manifestations of menopause are very disturbing (there are frequent and painful hot flashes, a woman sweats a lot, there are signs of depression, her working capacity decreases dramatically), then treatment with hormone replacement therapy can help. It lies in the fact that a woman is strictly prescribed by a physician to take hormone preparations containing estrogen and progesterone.

In this case, a complete examination is carried out in advance in order to exclude the possibility of side effects of hormones. Doses of drugs and the ratio of estrogen and progesterone are selected individually depending on the results of a blood test for hormones. The same method is used to combat pathological early menopause.

Also used drugs of natural origin (phytoestrogens and homeopathic remedies), helping to reduce hot flashes, calm the nervous system, improve the composition of bone tissue.

Recommendation: Doctors emphasize that an important role in the way a woman undergoes menopause is played by her inner mood and physical form. The more active a woman is at work and in the family, the faster and more imperceptibly the restructuring of the body goes. Walking and feasible sports stimulate the body, reduce sensitivity to negative factors.

In order to postpone the appearance of unpleasant manifestations of menopause, a woman needs to try to improve metabolism, intestinal work. To do this, you must eat foods that contain fiber (fruits, vegetables, cereals, bread made from gray flour), avoid sweets, baked. The body after 40 years for the regeneration of cells of all tissues is especially necessary vitamin E. It is contained in nuts. It is useful to take multivitamins with calcium, magnesium, zinc, selenium and other components necessary for the body.

The essence of the phenomenon

What is climax? In fact, this is a global hormonal rearrangement of the female body. It begins at each of the fair sex very individually, but its first signs appear approximately a year before the reproductive function of a woman is lost. The premature period of menopause is often associated with a specific pathology. Early menopause is diagnosed in 4% of women, that is, approximately four out of a hundred women. However, there is a tendency to increase the number of such cases.

Premature suppression of ovarian activity is observed in women aged 40 years. If the phenomenon occurs at 35, this indicates a premature menopause. The earliest age of menopause is not installed. It can easily provoke the removal of the pelvic organs due to the development of an oncologic process or injury to the abdominal cavity. Nevertheless, menopause, which appeared earlier than 30-40 years, for example, in adolescence, is a rarity.

Worth knowing: the earlier the phenomenon manifested itself, the more serious its consequences.

Early menopause indicates premature cessation of reproductive function. It is extremely important to be able to distinguish early menopause from premenopause (the initial stage of menopause), during which the woman is still able to become pregnant. It should be noted that the treatment of early menopause should be carried out without slowing down in order to smooth the concomitant unpleasant symptoms and eliminate possible consequences.

Symptoms of early menopause

  • an increase in the interval between menstruation,
  • reduction of discharge,
  • full stop (termination) of discharge (amenorrhea),
  • symptoms of estrogen deficiency,
  • infertility.

The absence of menstruation is the main and earliest sign of insufficient ovarian function. However, amenorrhea comes to speech only in the case when menstruation was not observed for about six months. When it appears more often (but at least 1 time in 35 days), they talk about oligomenorrhea. The latter phenomenon also indicates the likelihood of premature menopause. For amenorrhea is characterized by a secondary nature, that is, before its occurrence in a woman is often completely normal cycle.

Infertility is a distinguishing characteristic of menopause - the inability of a woman to conceive a child. This phenomenon also has a secondary nature, since it is associated with ovarian atrophy. Their reduced formation of hormones due to the action of the feedback mechanism provokes enhanced synthesis of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) by the pituitary gland. In the body, its level in menopause increases significantly. It is by indicators of FSH and judge the degree of inhibition of the sex glands. When this figure exceeds 20 units / l, pregnancy at the age of 40 becomes almost impossible.

Symptoms of premature menopause

During early menopause, the female body undergoes many changes. All the symptoms of early menopause in women are associated with a decrease in the level of estrogen and its limited effect on tissues and organs. In addition, it should be noted that the symptoms, although not much different from the same in the usual menopausal period, still has a greater severity. Often the following processes indicate the phenomenon:

  • "Flushes" (heat sensation, redness of the face, sweating and unexpected manifestations of dyspnea),
  • psycho-emotional disorders (decreased performance, memory, irritability, tearfulness, disruptions in sleep and wakefulness),
  • heart problems due to dyshormonal myocardial dystrophy,
  • inability to hold urine when sneezing, coughing,
  • itching in the external organs of the reproductive system,
  • dry vaginal mucosa.

Causes of premature menopause

It is not easy to point out certain causes of early menopause. They are diverse, but most of them act purposefully on the ovaries, thereby causing their irreversible damage. There are natural and medical causes of menopause, coming earlier than 40 years.

Among natural causes, the most frequent are genetic predisposition and autoimmune diseases. Thus, the genetic factor is associated with gene mutations that cause premature ovarian failure. Already known 2 defective genes.

In addition, with ovarian tissue mutations, they lose their response to FSH, which stops ovulation.

Certain genetic diseases cause not only menopause before 40 years, but also have a different symptom. So, ladies with galactosemia suffer from damage to the brain, liver, they develop cataracts and amenorrhea. Such a hereditary pathology, like blepharophimosis, is associated with problems of vision and premature depletion of the ovaries.

If we talk about autoimmune pathologies (when the body perceives its own cells as hostile due to an error in the immune system), they often occur in infectious diseases, if the pathogens have areas in their genetic material that are similar to the genes of the body cells. These pathologies include the following:

  • certain types of hypothyroidism,
  • Addison's disease
  • Type I diabetes.

All of these diseases are characterized by damage to the ovaries. Sometimes, especially the sex glands fall under the autoimmune effect, which leads to the appearance of inflammation in them, against the background of which the follicles are replaced with scar tissue.

When it comes to the medical causes of early menopause, as a rule, imply the consequences of treating cancer pathologies, injuries, infections, removal of the uterus and fallopian tubes. The likelihood of early menopause increases after surgery on the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. Elimination of an ovarian cyst leads to direct damage to the follicular tissue, and the elimination of uterine fibroids provokes the formation of adhesions. In addition, we should forget about aseptic inflammation, which often accompanies operations. Однако не менее разрушительное влияние оказывают и хронические воспалительные болезни яичников.

Separately, mention should be made of the effect of radiation and chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer. The doctor must necessarily warn the patient that if the total dose of her exposure reaches 6 Gray (in the treatment of cancer of the uterus or neighboring organs), then most likely it will cause irreversible damage to her ovaries.

Chemotherapy is similar. Drugs used during such aggressive treatment inhibit the division of rapidly proliferating cells of not only cancer cells, but also cells of the follicles. In addition, if treated with these drugs, there is also a damaging effect on the cells of the reproductive system.

However, for a large proportion of women, the cause of premature menopause remains unclear. Most experts are inclined to believe that the impact of a previously transferred viral infection is likely. The virus is able to integrate into healthy cells and not identify itself, but over time provoke the death of follicular cells.

It is often impossible to influence the causes of the pathology, which is why almost no etiotropic treatment is used. What to do with early menopause? The first is to see a doctor. The attending physician will examine the patient, collect anamnesis and recommend to make such diagnostic procedures:

  • in order to exclude a pituitary adenoma X-ray, CT scan and MRI of the Turkish saddle,
  • identification of indicators of gonadotropic hormones, prolactin, estradiol, TSH,
  • analysis to determine genetic abnormalities,
  • densitometry in order to detect osteoporosis,
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs and mammary glands,
  • mammography.

Alas, there are no answers to the questions how to stop early menopause, and whether it is possible to prevent it. No means has yet been created to restore the prematurely lost function of the gonads, and even that organ transplantation is not yet in sight, therefore, treatment of early menopause in women often amounts to hormone replacement therapy.

Such treatment helps to eliminate unpleasant symptoms and protect women from the effects of early menopause. Often prescribed drug estradiol and its combination with progestogens. However, alternative methods are possible when women are prescribed homeopathic remedies with phytohormones.

Effects of early menopause

Against the background of hormonal imbalance, ladies experience the effects of early menopause, which significantly affect life expectancy and its further quality. Early menopause is dangerous with such manifestations:

  • osteoporosis,
  • atherosclerosis,
  • autoimmune pathology.

Osteoporosis is a pathology caused by a lack of estrogen. With their direct participation, bone tissue absorbs minerals, in particular, calcium. In addition, estrogens affect the production of the hormone calcitonin, which helps strengthen bones.

With an estrogen deficiency, bone fragility increases, and fractures are inevitable.

In addition, these hormones protect women from atherosclerosis. Their lack increases the likelihood of vascular diseases, as well as heart attack and stroke. However, menopause affects other organs. When it is caused by resistant ovarian syndrome, it is often accompanied by other autoimmune processes, the likelihood of thyroid gland diseases increases, and functional malfunctions of the heart, NS and GIT are observed. Autoimmune nature has type I diabetes and Addison's disease. All these are the most difficult pathologies that can provoke disability and death.

Of course, to determine the causes and treatment - the primary task of physicians. However, it is also important for the woman herself to pay attention to her own health. Understanding how to prevent early menopause is easy. It is only necessary to eliminate possible provocative factors in time and avoid them. That is why it is important to treat existing pathologies, and not to neglect regular medical examinations.

No matter how sad it may sound, but this is our autumn. And it’s a pity that some people start it so early. I, too, started menopause early, fortunately managed to give birth to two children. It was very bad during hot flashes, drank cyclic alanine, sage decoction, tried not to overeat. More walked with the children, the sleep was improved and the tides retreated.

What are the timing and dangers of early menopause?

Climax as a phenomenon is an irreversible stage in the life of every lady. It comes at the end of the fertile period of the woman. Over time, periodic fluctuations in hormonal levels weaken, ovulation disappears, menstrual periods disappear. As a rule, similar processes are observed after 45-50 years. But what to do when a woman was visited by an early menopause? Climax at an early age can plunge into a state of shock, especially when a woman is not aware of his symptoms, signs and does not know how to avoid this phenomenon.

What is climax? In fact, this is a global hormonal rearrangement of the female body. It begins at each of the fair sex very individually, but its first signs appear approximately a year before the reproductive function of a woman is lost. The premature period of menopause is often associated with a specific pathology. Early menopause is diagnosed in 4% of women, that is, approximately four out of a hundred women. However, there is a tendency to increase the number of such cases.

Premature suppression of ovarian activity is observed in women aged 40 years. If the phenomenon occurs at 35, this indicates a premature menopause. The earliest age of menopause is not installed. It can easily provoke the removal of the pelvic organs due to the development of an oncologic process or injury to the abdominal cavity. Nevertheless, menopause, which appeared earlier than 30-40 years, for example, in adolescence, is a rarity.

Worth knowing: the earlier the phenomenon manifested itself, the more serious its consequences.

Early menopause indicates premature cessation of reproductive function. It is extremely important to be able to distinguish early menopause from premenopause (the initial stage of menopause), during which the woman is still able to become pregnant. It should be noted that the treatment of early menopause should be carried out without slowing down in order to smooth the concomitant unpleasant symptoms and eliminate possible consequences.

  • an increase in the interval between menstruation,
  • reduction of discharge,
  • full stop (termination) of discharge (amenorrhea),
  • symptoms of estrogen deficiency,
  • infertility.

The absence of menstruation is the main and earliest sign of insufficient ovarian function. However, amenorrhea comes to speech only in the case when menstruation was not observed for about six months. When it appears more often (but at least 1 time in 35 days), they talk about oligomenorrhea. The latter phenomenon also indicates the likelihood of premature menopause. For amenorrhea is characterized by a secondary nature, that is, before its occurrence in a woman is often completely normal cycle.

Infertility is a distinguishing characteristic of menopause - the inability of a woman to conceive a child. This phenomenon also has a secondary nature, since it is associated with ovarian atrophy. Their reduced formation of hormones due to the action of the feedback mechanism provokes enhanced synthesis of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) by the pituitary gland. In the body, its level in menopause increases significantly. It is by indicators of FSH and judge the degree of inhibition of the sex glands. When this figure exceeds 20 units / l, pregnancy at the age of 40 becomes almost impossible.

During early menopause, the female body undergoes many changes. All the symptoms of early menopause in women are associated with a decrease in the level of estrogen and its limited effect on tissues and organs. In addition, it should be noted that the symptoms, although not much different from the same in the usual menopausal period, still has a greater severity. Often the following processes indicate the phenomenon:

  • "Flushes" (heat sensation, redness of the face, sweating and unexpected manifestations of dyspnea),
  • psycho-emotional disorders (decreased performance, memory, irritability, tearfulness, disruptions in sleep and wakefulness),
  • heart problems due to dyshormonal myocardial dystrophy,
  • inability to hold urine when sneezing, coughing,
  • itching in the external organs of the reproductive system,
  • dry vaginal mucosa.

It is not easy to point out certain causes of early menopause. They are diverse, but most of them act purposefully on the ovaries, thereby causing their irreversible damage. There are natural and medical causes of menopause, coming earlier than 40 years.

Among natural causes, the most frequent are genetic predisposition and autoimmune diseases. Thus, the genetic factor is associated with gene mutations that cause premature ovarian failure. Already known 2 defective genes.

In addition, with ovarian tissue mutations, they lose their response to FSH, which stops ovulation.

Certain genetic diseases cause not only menopause before 40 years, but also have a different symptom. So, ladies with galactosemia suffer from damage to the brain, liver, they develop cataracts and amenorrhea. Such a hereditary pathology, like blepharophimosis, is associated with problems of vision and premature depletion of the ovaries.

If we talk about autoimmune pathologies (when the body perceives its own cells as hostile due to an error in the immune system), they often occur in infectious diseases, if the pathogens have areas in their genetic material that are similar to the genes of the body cells. These pathologies include the following:

  • certain types of hypothyroidism,
  • Addison's disease
  • Type I diabetes.

All of these diseases are characterized by damage to the ovaries. Sometimes, especially the sex glands fall under the autoimmune effect, which leads to the appearance of inflammation in them, against the background of which the follicles are replaced with scar tissue.

When it comes to the medical causes of early menopause, as a rule, imply the consequences of treating cancer pathologies, injuries, infections, removal of the uterus and fallopian tubes. The likelihood of early menopause increases after surgery on the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes. Elimination of an ovarian cyst leads to direct damage to the follicular tissue, and the elimination of uterine fibroids provokes the formation of adhesions. In addition, we should forget about aseptic inflammation, which often accompanies operations. However, chronic inflammatory diseases of the ovaries also have a no less devastating effect.

Separately, mention should be made of the effect of radiation and chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer. The doctor must necessarily warn the patient that if the total dose of her exposure reaches 6 Gray (in the treatment of cancer of the uterus or neighboring organs), then most likely it will cause irreversible damage to her ovaries.

Chemotherapy is similar. Preparations used during such aggressive treatment inhibit the division of rapidly proliferating cells of not only cancer cells, but also cells of the follicles. In addition, if treated with these drugs, there is also a damaging effect on the cells of the reproductive system.

However, for a large proportion of women, the cause of premature menopause remains unclear. Most experts are inclined to believe that the impact of a previously transferred viral infection is likely. The virus is able to integrate into healthy cells and not identify itself, but over time provoke the death of follicular cells.

It is often impossible to influence the causes of the pathology, which is why almost no etiotropic treatment is used. What to do with early menopause? The first is to see a doctor. The attending physician will examine the patient, collect anamnesis and recommend to make such diagnostic procedures:

  • in order to exclude a pituitary adenoma X-ray, CT scan and MRI of the Turkish saddle,
  • identification of indicators of gonadotropic hormones, prolactin, estradiol, TSH,
  • analysis to determine genetic abnormalities,
  • densitometry in order to detect osteoporosis,
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs and mammary glands,
  • mammography.

Alas, there are no answers to the questions how to stop early menopause, and whether it is possible to prevent it. No means has yet been created to restore the prematurely lost function of the gonads, and even that organ transplantation is not yet in sight, therefore, treatment of early menopause in women often comes down to hormone replacement therapy.

Such treatment helps to eliminate unpleasant symptoms and protect women from the effects of early menopause. Often prescribed drug estradiol and its combination with progestogens. However, alternative methods are possible when women are prescribed homeopathic remedies with phytohormones.

Against the background of hormonal imbalance, ladies experience the effects of early menopause, which significantly affect life expectancy and its further quality. Early menopause is dangerous with such manifestations:

Osteoporosis is a pathology caused by a lack of estrogen. With their direct participation, bone tissue absorbs minerals, in particular, calcium. In addition, estrogens affect the production of the hormone calcitonin, which helps strengthen bones.

With an estrogen deficiency, bone fragility increases, and fractures are inevitable.

In addition, these hormones protect women from atherosclerosis. Their lack increases the likelihood of vascular diseases, as well as heart attack and stroke. However, menopause affects other organs. When it is caused by resistant ovarian syndrome, it is often accompanied by other autoimmune processes, increases the likelihood of thyroid disease, and functional malfunctions of the heart, NS and gastrointestinal tract are observed. Autoimmune nature has type I diabetes and Addison's disease. All these are the most difficult pathologies that can provoke disability and death.

Of course, to determine the causes and treatment - the primary task of physicians. However, it is also important for the woman herself to pay attention to her own health. Understanding how to prevent early menopause is easy. It is only necessary to eliminate possible provocative factors in time and avoid them. That is why it is important to treat existing pathologies, and not to neglect regular medical examinations.

Early menopause - who is to blame

Sex hormones play an important role in the physiology of women. At the beginning of life, they are responsible for the formation of the female body, then allow you to perform the main function - to bear and give birth to a child. But when the time allotted to perform this function is exhausted (in 45-48 years) - the production of hormones begins to decrease gradually. This process is accompanied by a violation of the regularity of menstruation, they become less and less and, on average, by the age of 50 disappear altogether. There comes a period of menopause. The age at which extinction of ovarian function begins, is laid genetically, and you can predict the time of menopause by asking your mother and grandmother about this. But often the way of life and the state of health of the woman make their own adjustments, and menopause can occur earlier than envisioned by nature. If the stop of menstruation occurred before the age of 45, then we are talking about early menopause.

The most common factors that contribute to the emergence of early menopause are:

  • Heredity has a confirmed value, and if the mom had an early menopause, the daughter is likely to have it,
  • Autoimmune diseases - women who suffer from autoimmune diseases affecting the thyroid or adrenal glands have a high risk of early menopause,
  • Smoking - nicotine adversely affects the health of women, including the sexual sphere. In scientific studies have repeatedly proven that smoking leads to an earlier occurrence of menopause. According to French scientists, more than 15% of women with early menopause were found to have tobacco smoking.
  • Stress, chronic fatigue - they lead to the depletion of the body and can also cause premature ovarian failure,
  • Hard diets - starvation and diets with a significant restriction of nutrient intake at a young age can, at first glance, pass without consequences. But, be prepared for the fact that if you go to extremes, then this, in the future, can cause early onset of menopause.

In some cases, the causes of the onset of early menopause are iatrogenic (medical) interventions - the surgical removal of the ovaries, the suppression of their function due to chemotherapy or radiation therapy in oncological diseases. In such a situation, the so-called artificial menopause occurs. Often, early menopause is observed in women who have undergone surgical removal of the uterus: during the operation the ovaries are injured and their blood circulation is disturbed, as a result, the hormonal function fades away more quickly.

The main targets of estrogen deficiency

At the heart of all the processes occurring in the female body during menopause, are hormonal changes. Гормоны – это биологически активные вещества, которые вырабатываются в железах внутренней секреции и, попадая в кровь, транспортируются к органам и тканям, где проявляется их действие. Гормоны, для того чтобы подействовать, должны присоединиться к соответствующим рецепторам, которые находятся в разных органах. Каждый из гормонов имеет свой рецептор.Those organs in which the receptors are located are called target organs.

Estrogens, progesterone and a small amount of androgens are produced in the ovaries. These hormones not only regulate the work of the female genital organs, but also perform a number of additional functions necessary to preserve the health of the woman. Estrogens, in particular estradiol, have a protective effect on almost all organs and systems of a woman’s body. Target organs of sex hormones are the urethra, bladder, heart, blood vessels, liver, brain, musculoskeletal system, large intestine, skin and nails.

A decrease in the production of sex hormones by the ovaries is accompanied by a change in the frequency and duration of menstruation. A further drop in the level of hormones leads to a complete cessation of menstruation - menopause. Within 2-3 months after menopause, the secretion of estradiol, the main protective hormone, almost stops.

Climacteric syndrome: what awaits at the start

As soon as the level of estrogen decreases, typical menopausal symptoms appear. With artificial menopause, they occur literally on the second day after surgery. Almost all women in this period note changes in the physical and emotional state. Approximately 85% of women have specific symptoms of menopause, 30% of them have a severe course. The variety of symptoms of menopause is due to the fact that the receptors for sex hormones are found in many organs and tissues of the body.

Early neurovegetative and psycho-emotional manifestations of menopause combine under the name menopausal syndrome, which occurs in 40-60% of women. The first signs of climacteric syndrome are hot flashes, sweating (especially at night), heartbeat, dizziness, emotional instability, sleep disturbance, fatigue, memory impairment. The intensity of the severity of these symptoms is individual. Only 18% of women exhibit menopausal symptoms disappear within a year from the moment of their occurrence, more than half of them experience 1 to 5 years, and every fourth woman experiences them for a longer time. Often, with the appearance of early symptoms of menopause, women feel fear and confusion, which, if left untreated, can turn into depression. Therefore, it is extremely important for a woman not to be left alone with her problems, but when the first alarming symptoms appear, seek medical help.

Estrogen deficiency adversely affects the state of the mucous membrane of the vagina and urethra: it becomes thin, dry and easily visible. Dryness and itching in the vagina cause constant discomfort to the woman, and they can also cause painful sensations during intercourse. Changes in the mucous membrane of the urethra leads to the development of urinary incontinence (frequent urination, nighttime urge, urinary leakage during coughing and physical exertion) and the occurrence of chronic inflammation of the lower urinary tract.

Many women in this period, the hair begins to turn gray, become brittle and dull. Hair growth may appear on the face, neck and hips. This is due to an imbalance between estrogens and androgens. The skin loses its elasticity, becomes less elastic, decreases the production of collagen, as a result of which wrinkles appear.

Another characteristic symptom of menopause is weight gain. According to international studies, in the first 3 years after menopause, an average woman gains 2.3 kg, and after 8 years - about 5.5 kg. According to experts, to control your weight is best to use body mass index (BMI). You can calculate it by dividing the weight in kilograms per square of height in meters. Ideal for menopausal women is a BMI of ≤ 25.

Long-term consequences: what you need to think in advance

In addition to the symptoms described, there are a number of dangerous consequences of menopause, which manifest themselves only after 5–8 years. These include cardiovascular diseases, obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer's disease.

Before menopause, estrogens protect the cardiovascular system: level the ratio of lipids in the blood, reduce the possibility of thrombosis, improve the properties of the endothelium (inner lining of vessels), prevent vascular spasm and affect glucose metabolism. That is why at a young age women, much less frequently than men, suffer from cardiovascular diseases. When the protective effect of estrogen is absent - the risk of cardiovascular disease increases significantly. This is most noticeable in artificial menopause. In women who have undergone bilateral removal of the ovaries, the frequency of vascular diseases of the heart is 2–4 times higher than that of their peers with preserved sexual glands. The reason is that the lack of estrogen leads to the development of vascular atherosclerosis and diseases associated with it: hypertension, coronary heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.

Female reproductive hormones ensure the distribution of adipose tissue in such a way that a woman can bear a child. After stopping the release of estrogen, fatty deposits are redistributed and obesity occurs along the central type. Fat accumulates in the anterior abdominal wall and around the internal organs. There is a replacement of muscle mass with adipose tissue. In this regard, the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoarthrosis, fatty infiltration of the liver, gallstones, etc., increases.

Type 2 diabetes

Impaired glucose tolerance and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus during menopause are associated with estrogen deficiency, which regulate blood glucose levels. In addition, the occurrence of diabetes contributes to obesity. Therefore, experts recommend that women during menopause monitor their weight and keep their blood sugar levels under control.

Estrogens affect the preservation of bone density. With a decrease in their level, bone depletion occurs and the risk of fractures increases. Especially the problem of osteoporosis is relevant for women with artificial menopause: in the first few years after surgery, bone loss reaches 13-15% per year.

Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common forms of senile dementia. Not the last role in its occurrence plays a decrease in the level of sex hormones during menopause. Women who have experienced early menopause are at greater risk of developing this disease.

The main thing - do not give up

Climax is not a disease, it is just an adaptation of the organism to new conditions of existence. Changing your lifestyle in time, the serious consequences of this condition can be avoided.

Specialists have developed recommendations for women in menopause, which can significantly reduce the risk of complications of menopause:

  1. Proper nutrition. Diet during menopause should be balanced. It is necessary to give preference to vegetables, fruits, whole grain cereals and reduce the consumption of animal fats. It is necessary to enrich the diet with foods containing calcium, vitamins D, B6 and B12.
  2. Physical activity - moderate exercise, aerobics, yoga, swimming are recommended.
  3. To give up smoking.
  4. It is necessary to undergo preventive medical examinations (gynecologist, cardiologist, orthopedist, endocrinologist).
  5. Of great importance is a good rest and sleep.

No one will dispute the fact that compliance with the above rules will not bring health benefits. However, it is easier to tell than to bring to life, and, moreover, to the life of a modern woman, on whose shoulders lies the burden consisting of so many responsibilities that only one article will be needed to describe them ... And, as a result, a chronic lack of time, constant tension and stress, fatigue, inability to comply with the regime, not to mention sports, is a reality that cannot be ignored, and if you add menopause to all this?

But we are not privykli retreat and have every right to rely on the help of modern medicine. As we already know, the main clinical symptoms of menopause are associated with a deficiency of sex hormones, and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a reasonable method to eliminate them. The use of HRT not only removes the early symptoms - hot flashes, sweating, palpitations, dizziness, sleep disturbance, mood lability, urinary incontinence and vaginal dryness, but also prevents the development of the late effects of menopause, in particular, osteoporosis. To select a drug for HRT and a scheme for its use, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.

Menopause is not a sentence, but only one of the stages of a woman’s life. Maintain health and prolong youth - perhaps everything is in your hands.

What is menopause?

Menopause is the process of completely stopping menstruation, which is caused by the production of female sex hormones by the ovaries. People talk about menopause if a woman's last periods were observed a year ago.

The period from non-permanent menstruation to the end of the last bleeding is called premenopausal.

A period that occurs one year after the last menstruation is called postmenopause. All these stages together constitute the menopausal period. Normally, menopause should occur at the age of 45 to 55 years. If this happens earlier, doctors call it early menopause.

What happens to the female body during a premature menopause?

If we compare women with men, then, unfortunately, women have a limited age for reproduction. The female body by nature has a biological clock, which at some point ceases to "tick" and stop the work of the ovaries. The functions of this clock are performed by the adenohypophysis - it is a gland that is located in the brain. It is due to the production of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones that controls the functioning of the ovaries, which are the main organs of the reproductive system of women.

The ovaries, in turn, are the gland that supplies estrogen and progesterone to the blood. Their exclusivity is that they stop their work before the woman’s life ends. When the production of estrogen reaches a critical level, changes in the female genital organs “freeze” and menopause occurs.

In most cases, the onset of weakening of ovarian function is observed in 40-45 years and menopause occurs closer to 50 years. However, as mentioned above, it can come much earlier.

The onset of menopause is accompanied by a very impressive list of symptoms, which are triggered mainly by a decrease in estrogen levels.

The main signs of menopause

The most frequent manifestations that occur in menopause are:

  • flushes of heat, excessive sweating at night,
  • the occurrence of insomnia, sleep disturbance,
  • failures in the menstrual cycle
  • frequent mood changes, excitement, irritability,
  • memory impairment
  • depressed state

  • decrease in concentration
  • constant fatigue
  • urinary incontinence,
  • dry skin and hair loss
  • decrease in sexual desire
  • pain in the joints
  • the occurrence of headaches
  • painful feelings during intimate relationships,
  • reduction of vaginal discharge.

If a woman was still planning to acquire a baby, then a psychological factor is added to these symptoms. A woman may feel inferior, unable to fulfill the most important mission of the fair sex - to bear and give birth to a child. And this can be the cause of very serious violations in the psyche.

Dumb ovary syndrome

With such a deviation, hormones are produced correctly, but the follicles do not respond to them and simply do not mature. For women, menopause at such an early age becomes a rather unpleasant surprise, which they do not even realize.

Experts have proved that premature menopause can occur in women who abuse tobacco for more than four years and smoke about 30 cigarettes a day.

What is dangerous early menopause for a woman?

Premature menopause has a negative effect on a woman’s health. All changes in the body that occur during menopause are caused by the interruption of the production of sex hormones, primarily estrogens.

Besides the fact that a woman can no longer conceive a child, she accelerates the processes related to natural aging.

Menopause is accompanied by instability in blood pressure, palpitations, dizziness, tachycardia.

Yes, and from the psyche there are very unpleasant violations in the form of constant irritability, fatigue, and mood changes.

Also increases the likelihood of diseases of the cardiovascular system, the development of osteoporosis. There is a shift in changes in the nervous system - cognitive function fails, Alzheimer's or Parkinson's may occur.

When estrogen is not produced, which is an aid in preserving female beauty, skin begins to age. Dryness appears, elasticity disappears, more and more wrinkles appear. Also hair falls out, nails break. Of course, all this causes discomfort and prevents a woman from existing normally.

Diagnosing early menopause

If you notice at least some of the above symptoms, be sure to consult a doctor.

After examining and testing (blood test, smear, uterus analysis, ultrasound), the doctor can make a preliminary diagnosis of early menopause, because the final conclusion is possible only if the woman has not had menstruation during the last twelve months.

It is believed that the early signs of menopause disappear on their own and rather quickly. However, no one thinks that many of the disorders that appear during menopause develop into fairly dangerous diseases: hypertension, heart attack, stroke. ischemia and so on. It is for this reason that it is so important for premature menopause to immediately visit a gynecologist. This will help prevent the development of possible complications and alleviate the course of this unpleasant "illness."

Getting rid of bad habits

First of all, you should quit smoking. Nicotine is a poison for the female body, which adversely affects the appearance of the skin, causing the occurrence of osteoporosis, heart disease, blood vessels, and cancer. In addition, experts have established that it is women who smoke a lot that often develop infertility and early menopause. Also worth as little as possible to drink alcohol.

Medical check-ups with doctors

Menopause is accompanied by a large number of unpleasant consequences, which will be easier to eliminate if you identify them early. In no case can not neglect the examinations of doctors. It is advisable to visit such specialists as a gynecologist in time. Endocrinologist, mammologist, cardiologist and orthopedist. Their examinations are very important for any woman.

The hormones of the female body protect the most important organ, that is, the heart, and help preserve the elasticity of the vascular walls. After stopping their production increases the likelihood of heart attacks and strokes.

Therefore, it is important to monitor the pressure and contact a specialist when it jumps.

You must regularly monitor the level of sugar in the blood. If it rises, consult an endocrinologist to prevent diabetes.

Because of the lack of estrogen, the bones become more fragile, and even a minor injury can result in a fracture. The orthopedist will help prevent this.

Hormonal changes during menopause can cause tumors in the chest. for this reason, you should at least once a year undergo such an examination as mammography.

The gynecologist must be visited every six months. With menopause, this doctor will be able to prescribe an effective treatment that can reduce the manifestation of menopause symptoms.

Power Rules

As hormones change, a woman may experience weight problems. Properly selected products will help control weight. Meals should be balanced.

Nutritionists recommend choosing foods that include a large amount of protein and vitamins, but do not contain many calories.

That is why the diet should consist of:

  • cereals,
  • vegetables and fruits
  • low fat dairy products
  • fish and poultry meat, lean red meat,
  • legumes,
  • eggs and nuts.

It is worth refusing animal fats, saturated fats of a vegetable origin, excessive amount of salt and sweets.

Reception of vitamins and minerals

During menopause, some vitamins become very important for a woman’s health.

Vitamin B12 promotes a healthy state of blood vessels and nerves. And vitamin B6 is actively involved in the production of hemoglobin. That is why it is worth an extra take them.

Также важен витамин D и кальций, поскольку они помогает укрепить костную систему и предотвратить развитие остеопороза. Не менее важно принимать при менопаузе и железо.

Hormone therapy

Расстройства при климаксе возникают из-за недостатка гормонов. Special drugs that include sex hormone analogues will help to fill them. They will help improve the appearance of the woman, relieve vaginal dryness, stabilize the emotional state, and help in the fight against obesity. Gynecologist will help to choose such a drug.

Everything you need to know about early menopause (video)

Today, early menopause is a very common phenomenon in the lives of many women. However, this is no reason to panic and believe that this happy life is over. Modern medicine offers a large number of various ways to eliminate the symptoms of menopause.

When menopause occurs, the ovaries stop working, which produce female hormones. Early menopause can be caused by disruption of the ovaries, stressful situations, cancer and autoimmune diseases, harmful habits, genetic predisposition.

Premature menopause is very dangerous for a woman’s health, as she may have heart disease, blood vessels, bones, sleep disturbances, mental disorders, and deterioration of appearance.

However, do not put a cross on yourself, because you can reduce the manifestation of symptoms of menopause. To do this, you need to get rid of bad habits, periodically visit doctors for examination, play sports, relax and get enough sleep, take vitamins, eat right and take drugs that contain analogues of female hormones. This is the only way to coexist with early menopause without compromising the physical and mental state.

Hello. My name is Polina. Hearing once the truth that the pediatrician is the chief doctor for any family with young children, I realized that I have something to strive for.
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Signs and prevention of early menopause in women

Early menopause is a fairly common problem that concerns many women between the ages of 30 and 43. Menopause can be natural and artificial. Normally, natural menopause occurs in women older than 45 years, this is due to age-related ovarian depletion. Early menopause has various causes. As a rule, this is due to heredity or serious hormonal disruptions.

In some cases, premature menopause can be triggered by the bad habits of a woman. One should be attentive to women's health and regularly visit a gynecologist so that the onset of menopause does not occur at an early age. Climax in 30 years is quite dangerous.

The cholesterol metabolism is disturbed in the woman, the vessels are blocked, this increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Early menopause in most cases is quite difficult.

The term "menopause" is quite wide, it includes several special periods:

  • premenopause - the production of estrogen by the ovaries is disturbed,

  • menopause - the period of the absence of menstruation,
  • postmenopause - late menopause.

Premature menopause occurs in women from 35 to 42 years. Early menopause is diagnosed when menstruation stops at 42-43 years. The normal age for menopause is later than 43 years, that is, 45 - 55 years. As a rule, menopause is difficult. The general state of health is getting worse, women have a lack of self-confidence, the first wrinkles are formed. These are signs of premature menopause.

Causes of premature menopause

Early menopause is a rather undesirable condition for a woman. Undoubtedly, I don’t want to grow old at the age of 35-38, because modern girls devote their youth to study and career, postponing the birth of children to a later age. You can prevent the early onset of menopause. When the first symptoms should be examined and refer to a gynecologist, he will select the necessary hormonal means that support the reproductive system. In this way, you can postpone the onset of menopause, at least until 43 years.

Elena Malysheva: A striking discovery in the treatment and prevention of menopause! To eliminate the most severe symptoms, you need throughout the day. Effective treatment Site Helen Malysheva lechimklimaks.ru

Grandma's recipe! Real SALVATION from CLIMAX! In order for the menopause to go unnoticed you need to drink every day. Beauty Health Youth On-line consultation zdorovje.ru

I not only won the menopause, but also improved my health. The real story from Lyudmila Kudryashova My My Years Story Blog - my wealth kudryashova.ru

With early aging, the female body is under severe stress. This negatively affects her appearance and psychological health. It is necessary to highlight the main causes of early menopause:

  1. Genetic predisposition.

  2. Hormonal disorders.
  3. Diseases of the thyroid gland.
  4. Bad habits.
  5. Stress.
  6. Surgical interventions.
  7. Immune system disorders.
  8. Unlimited lifestyle.

Genetic damage of the X chromosome is transmitted hereditarily from mother to daughter. Normally, all women should have 2 chromosomes. The absence or damage of one of them leads to an early climax. This factor can bring the time of menopause closer to 7-10 years. Therapy with drugs-analogues, replacing female sex hormones, in this case is ineffective.

Drugs used to treat cancer have a negative effect on the reproductive system. Chemotherapy inhibits ovarian function, estrogen production is impaired. In patients with tumor formation, menopause occurs 10-15 years earlier than normal.

Girls smoking and abusing alcohol increase the risk of early onset of menopause several times. Smoking inhibits the work of the ovaries - this fact has been proven by French scientists. The aging of the body is observed even after a year of smoking. Constant emotional anxiety can also trigger an early menopause in women.

Medical menopause occurs after surgery on the uterus. Gynecological surgery does not rarely lead to the absence of menstruation for up to a year, often after the expiration of time the reproductive function is not restored.

You can avoid early menopause. At the first sign, you should contact your gynecologist, he will prescribe the necessary tests, and then select the necessary hormonal preparations.

Manifestations of early menopause

Symptoms of early menopause do not differ from the manifestations of late menopause. In any case, the woman feels frequent hot flashes. At the same time, there is a reddening of the face, décolleté and skin of the hands. At this point, sweating rises. Such manifestations often bring inconvenience. The body of the woman practically does not rest at night, there are sleep disturbances, then during the day the woman is accompanied by dizziness and weakness.

Feedback from our reader Maria Krasnikova

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In the pathological course of the menopausal period, a number of significant changes occur in the woman's body. In this case, there are disorders of the nervous and cardiovascular systems, diseases of the endocrine system develop. The ovaries stop the production of progesterones, androgens and estrogens, because menopause is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • failures of the menstrual cycle

  • menstruation is missing for more than a year
  • characteristic tides
  • excessive sweating even at night
  • emotional outbursts
  • insomnia,
  • drastic weight loss or weight gain,
  • skin aging,
  • decreased sexual desire, discomfort at the time of sexual intercourse,
  • urination disorders.

The menstrual cycle can lengthen or shorten. Menstruation may be absent for several months or even a year, a similar condition called the term amenorrhea. The spotting may appear in any phase of the cycle. Such a condition requires treatment, the gynecologist will prescribe the necessary medications. It is worth noting that resorting to the methods of traditional medicine without prior consultation with the doctor is unacceptable.

Early and late menopause is always accompanied by tides, the number of which depends on the individual characteristics. Some women report sporadic manifestations, others say they experience this up to 50 times a day.

The duration of this state is 3-5 minutes. Initially, there is a feeling of heat, and after a slight chill, this symptom is accompanied by increased excretion of sweat. The number of such tides per day determines the severity of the woman's condition. To reduce the number of data manifestations can, for this should:

  1. Avoid stress.
  2. Do not eat salty and spicy foods.
  3. Refrain from wearing tight synthetic socks.
  4. Avoid prolonged exposure to hot rooms.
  5. Increase the amount of water you drink.

Emotional disturbances often occur in women between 35 and 43 years old. It is also associated with the production of estrogen, affecting the production of serotonin and norepinephrine. Due to this deficiency occurs:

  • worsening of mood

  • increased fatigue
  • fatigue increases,
  • irritability increases,
  • depression occurs more often.

Sleep disorders occur during menopause in young women, most often between the ages of 38 to 42 years. This problem occurs in 50% of women. The level of the hormone melatonin, which is responsible for normal sleep, varies throughout the year. Sleep becomes superficial, which leads to excessive irritability. The negative impact of this problem can be minimized, for this you need to contact a neurologist. The specialist will recommend taking sedatives.

For the treatment of CLIMAX and TIDE, Elena Malysheva recommends a new method based on NATURAL components - Anti-Climax Monastic Tea. It consists of 8 useful medicinal plants that have extremely high efficiency in the treatment of CLIMAX. It uses only natural ingredients, no chemicals and hormones!

Dry vagina - a common symptom of menopause, is associated with a lack of sex hormones. Painful sensations are manifested by itching and irritation, at the time of sexual intercourse they intensify. The woman is not satisfied, and then avoids possible intimacy. Also, this manifestation creates a favorable environment for the development of bacteria. Early menopause provokes the development of many gynecological diseases.

What are the risks of such deviations and how to avoid them?

Such deviations not only lead to violations of the harmonious work of the body, but also adversely affect the appearance. The skin begins to rapidly fade, forming deep wrinkles and age spots. As a result, a woman at 43 looks a few years older.

Metabolic processes in the body, in particular cholesterol, are disturbed, which leads to cardiovascular diseases. Early menopause in women increases the risk of atherosclerosis and other diseases. Against the background of such changes, the figure is changing for the worse; it is quite difficult to correct it at the age when a woman is 43 years old. The mammary glands lose their elasticity, but this is not the worst, early menopause significantly increases the risk of developing breast cancer.

To avoid negative manifestations, you should start taking fortifying vitamins, sedatives and hormonal drugs in advance. It should be noted that such therapy can be started only after consulting a doctor.

Women of any age should pay special attention to their health. To preserve youth and femininity is possible both in 43 years and in 50 years. First of all, it is necessary to give up bad habits, forget about hard diets and keep a healthy lifestyle. To avoid early onset of menopause, it is important to take care of this in advance.

Women who have a genetic predisposition need to with special attention to monitor their health, listen to all the signals of the body. Do not forget about the emotional state. It is important to do light exercise. The most useful can be considered yoga and fitness exercises. Doing exercises through force is not necessary, classes should bring joy. It is worth noting that excessive loads can harm the female body.

Many of our readers are actively using the new method based on natural ingredients, which was discovered by Elena Malysheva, to combat CLIMAX and TIDES. It consists of only natural ingredients, herbs and extracts - there are no hormones and chemicals. To get rid of CLIMAX need every morning on an empty stomach.

Climax: what is dangerous and what are its first manifestations?

February 26, 2015

Every woman over 45 years of age faces a certain period in life - menopause. This is a natural condition that does not require treatment. But in some cases it is required to help the body restructure and overcome the critical line. How to ease menopause, the danger and how it manifests itself, we will tell in our article.

What is climax?

Menopause is the absence of menstrual discharge for 12 consecutive months. This condition is usually caused by age-related changes in the body of a woman, associated with the extinction of the production of the reproductive hormones estrogen and progesterone. Due to illness, surgery or taking certain medications, menopause may also occur. How many years to expect menopause? The climacteric period usually occurs at the age of 45–55 years.

Menopause does not appear in one day - the body gradually lets know about the decrease in hormone production. Therefore, it is necessary to be attentive to changes in well-being. Symptoms - the forerunners of menopause - may appear several years before the complete cessation of menstruation. For women older than 45 years, these symptoms indicate an approaching menopause. At this time there is still the possibility of pregnancy, so you should not give up contraception as soon as the menstrual cycle is lost or stopped.

If such precursors have appeared in a young woman, then these are dangerous symptoms of a young menopause - an urgent specialist consultation is necessary to prevent the development of a pathological condition.

Symptoms of menopause can be the following:

  • changes in the regularity, duration and volume of menstrual flow,
  • mood swings, frequent depressions,
  • sleep disturbances
  • dry vagina
  • pressure drops
  • causeless anxiety and worry,
  • low libido,
  • hot flashes, excessive sweating.

When the climacteric period occurs immediately, the menstrual flow stops. If there are no monthly periods for more than 12 months, the doctors state the menopause. What is the danger of this period in the life of a woman and how to alleviate the symptoms, you will learn below.

Artificial menopause

In the presence of various diseases of the reproductive organs, most often oncological or inflammatory, which are not amenable to conservative treatment, the necessary medical manipulations are prescribed by a doctor. They suppress or stop the ovaries in the woman’s body, causing artificial menopause.

What is the danger of this type of menopause? Since doctors cause this condition artificially, it is dangerous with various complications and disorders of the organs. There is an artificial menopause after chemotherapy or radiation in the treatment of cancer, as well as after surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus. Some drugs can also inhibit the work of female reproductive organs. Depending on the purpose of the prescribed treatment, hormone replacement therapy can be carried out at the same time to restore the function of the organs or reduce the onset of symptoms. But in some cases, such therapy is not required or contraindicated.

Danger of climax

What is the danger of age menopause, and is treatment necessary? Menopause, which has arisen due to age-related changes in the body, poses no threat to a woman’s health and is considered to be a natural state. But often the symptoms accompanying this period, bring a lot of inconvenience and discomfort, noticeably violate the usual rhythm of life. Especially often women complain of such signs of menopause at age 40: flushes of heat, sweating, insomnia, disorders of the nervous system, deviations in sexual life. In addition, a decrease in the production of hormones can lead to the development of serious diseases:

  • problems with the cardiovascular system,
  • omission or prolapse of the uterus,
  • osteoporosis and, as a result, frequent bone fractures,
  • incontinence,
  • сухости влагалища и болям при половом акте,
  • increase hairline in unusual places, reduce the tone of voice.

Hot flashes during menopause

High tide is the spread of heat through the body, accompanied by reddening of the face and increased perspiration. Lasts from 30 seconds to several minutes. Most often women complain about morning (from 6 to 8 in the morning), evening (from 18 to 22 in the evening) and nightly hot flashes. It is worth noting that only 15% of the female population of menopausal age are subject to this symptom. The remaining 85% feel only a little warmth or do not notice discomfort at all. It has also been observed that women with overweight, smokers, hormonal medications, or those who have undergone surgical removal of the female genital organs are more often exposed to hot flashes.

How to cope with the tides?

What are the dangerous tides during menopause? In most cases, they do not require special treatment or access to a doctor. But if such a condition violates the ability of a woman to work fully, causes heart palpitations, dizziness, anxiety or insomnia, there is a reason to contact a specialist. How to ease menopause yourself? Use the following tips:

  • regular walks in the fresh air will significantly reduce the manifestation of hot flashes,
  • reduce the use of fatty, spicy foods, alcohol and coffee,
  • If possible, you are less likely to be in closed, stuffy rooms with a large number of people
  • in clothes, prefer natural, breathable fabrics,
  • take a cool shower in the morning and before bed,
  • refrain from visiting saunas and baths,
  • Ventilate the room regularly, especially the bedroom,
  • always carry a bottle of water
  • exercise will cope with the manifestation of symptoms: effective will be yoga, swimming, aerobics,
  • take a relaxing massage course
  • learn breathing exercises, such as Strelnikova: such exercises help to improve the flow of oxygen to organs and tissues, normalize blood flow, and relax the body.

Osteoporosis and its prevention during menopause

A common problem for women over 45 is the development of bone osteoporosis. It is characterized by depletion of bone tissue as a result of a lack of calcium and collagen, which are absorbed with the help of the hormone estrogen. Due to the fact that during menopause, this hormone begins to be produced in insufficient quantities, the likelihood of bone fractures increases. In addition, such fractures are difficult and long-term treatment, as the bone tissue is restored during this period slowly. To protect the body from such complications, it is recommended to undergo densitometry. This is a method for diagnosing bone density using ultrasound. The procedure is painless and takes up to 15 minutes.

For prophylactic purposes, it is necessary to take care of the intake of the necessary daily intake of calcium and vitamin D. According to the doctor's prescription, additional vitamin complexes can be taken, for example, Calcium Gluconate, Calcium D3 Nycomed, Kaltsemin. The average daily dose is 1000-1500 mg. Take the drug, dividing the norm into 2 doses. Do not forget that the natural sources of vitamin D3, which directly affects the absorption of calcium in the body, are the sun's rays. Therefore, in no case can not abandon the daily half-hour walks in the fresh air.

Meals during menopause

How to deal with menopause with nutrition? During menopause, a global hormonal alteration occurs in the body of a woman, due to which the metabolism is disturbed and there is a need for additional vitamins and microelements. To avoid a number of symptoms associated with a decrease in estrogen production, you need to reconsider the diet and follow simple recommendations designed to maintain a normal weight and maintain the health of the cardiovascular system:

  1. Reduce salt intake: it retains fluid in the body and can lead to edema, high blood pressure, the development of strokes.
  2. Pay attention to fiber. It normalizes digestion, contributes to a better absorption of useful substances. Contained in unrefined cereals, bran, whole grain bread, almonds.
  3. Due to the fact that a woman who entered the period of menopause is not exposed to monthly blood loss, there is no great need for iron. Do not get carried away with products containing this trace element. If you take a multivitamin, then make sure that they do not contain iron, since an excess of this substance can harm health.
  4. For the prevention of osteoporosis, include in the diet dairy products that are rich in calcium.
  5. Choose low-fat varieties of fish and meat.

Sexual life in menopause

What other negative manifestations does menopause have? What is dangerous period of menopause, so it is a violation in the sexual sphere. Most women of climacteric age have problems in their sex life. Unpleasant symptoms that accompany this period, contribute to a decrease in the level of libido.

What complications in intimate life causes menopause? Reviews of women indicate complaints such as vaginal dryness, pain during intercourse, lack of orgasm and sexual desire. In addition, problems such as urinary incontinence or omission of the vagina, simply do not give the opportunity to enjoy intimate communication with a partner.

Most often, in the presence of such complaints, women are prescribed hormone replacement therapy. With dry vagina struggling with lubricants, and the drop-down uterus is fixed with a special device - pessary. For the prevention of uterine prolapse, it is recommended that all women over 45 years of age regularly perform Kegel exercises.

Hormone replacement therapy for menopause

How to get rid of menopause? When expressed symptoms that prevent a woman from leading a full life, the doctor may prescribe hormone replacement therapy, namely, to prescribe synthetic estrogen. Such treatment will help to cope with various manifestations of hormonal deficiency and may be the prevention of the development of associated diseases. It is necessary to use replacement therapy drugs for a long time - up to 5 years. Prescribe the following medications:

  1. Tablets "Klimonorm", "Premarin", "Femoston".
  2. Intrauterine device "Mirena".
  3. Vaginal suppositories or Ovestin cream.
  4. Injection "Ginodian Depot".
  5. Hormonal patches "Estraderm", "Menorerest".
  6. Hormonal contraceptives.

Contraindications and adverse reactions of therapy

Do not prescribe hormone replacement therapy for women:

  • who have had cancer, in particular breast and endometrium,
  • suffering from endometriosis,
  • having diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • with liver disease,
  • in the presence of uterine fibroids.

Hormone replacement therapy can cause a number of side effects:

  • swelling,
  • weight gain
  • bloody issues,
  • swelling of the chest.

Therefore, only a specialist can prescribe treatment after conducting a series of examinations and tests.

Herbal medicine during menopause

How to deal with menopause with traditional medicine? Herbal medicine recipes are widely used to relieve symptoms accompanying menopause. Here are some effective tools:

  1. Alcohol tincture of oregano will help. To do this, insist 10 grams of herbs a week in alcohol. Take 40 drops twice a day.
  2. Boil 20 g rosemary leaves in a glass of water. Drink half a teaspoon before meals 1 time per day.
  3. Effectively relieves nervous tension, irritation beet juice with honey. Drink 2 tablespoons several times a day.

At the first symptoms of menopause, consult with your doctor about the safety and the need for the use of medicines and folk remedies to relieve pain symptoms and maintain normal health.

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Signs of early menopause in women. Symptoms and features

A woman enters the period of menopause, when menstruation stops and a year has passed since the last menstruation. Usually, menopause begins at the age of about fifty years. When menopause begins before age 40, it is considered early menopause or menopause.

The symptoms by which you can determine the onset of menopause are not the same for all women.

Signs of early menopause in women are usually caused by a decrease in estrogen levels.

The early menopause may experience the following symptoms:

  • irregular periods,
  • increase in the duration of menstruation,
  • a change in the intensity of monthly bleeding,
  • nausea,
  • weight gain
  • night sweats
  • inability to get pregnant,
  • pain in muscles, joints and tendons
  • headaches and concentration problems,
  • mood swings
  • vaginal dryness.

This is a long list. Of course, some of these symptoms are common and may indicate a variety of other health problems. In particular, a change affecting the menstrual cycle should cause a visit to a doctor in order to establish its cause.

Most of the symptoms of menopause are unpleasant, and they will get worse with age.

But early menopause has both negative effects on the body, and positive points:

  1. The risk of ovarian and breast cancer is reduced. This is due to the fact that decreases the level of ovulation and decreases the level of circulating estrogens. The later menopause begins, the higher the risk of developing breast cancer.
  2. The risk of heart disease increases. Studies by American scientists have confirmed the fact that women who have menopause before the age of 45 have a degree of heart failure 40% more than women who have menopause between 50 and 54 years old. This is due to a change in the state of the blood vessels due to a decrease in the level of estrogen and beneficial cholesterol.

  • The risk of bone fractures increases. Early menopause reduces bone density. In the period of menopause, this phenomenon is considered indicative when bone density decreases. But with early menopause, the bones are more weakened, and it will take more time to treat the fracture. This problem can be overcome by taking vitamin D and calcium.
  • The risk of diabetes and Alzheimer's disease increases. This is due to the rapid aging of the body. The sooner these symptoms appear, the sooner the age-related diseases will begin. Diabetes and Alzheimer's disease are common.
  • How are the symptoms of early menopause in women

    All women know that menopause is the inevitable period of life. However, many of them are faced with such a change at an earlier age. Women aged 20 to 30 years should be informed of the possible signs of early menopause. The process is caused by hormonal fluctuations, but, depending on the reasons, the severity of the symptoms varies.

    Monthly each time begin a few days later. Sometimes this gap between them is six months. At the same time, their duration, pain, and profusion of bleeding increase.

    Violationamong womencyclical bleeding is considered a majora signearly menopause.When observing such a symptom should contact the antenatal clinic.

    In the case of the establishment of extinction of ovarian function, treatment usually does not give positive results. To determine the cause of the termination of menstruation, diagnostics is performed using analysis of the level of tarragon and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

    Menopause is characterized by so-called tides.: a sudden sensation of warmth spreading over the face and upper body. Their intensity varies from weak to strong sensations. At this point, women feel a sharp increase in body temperature, breathing becomes intermittent, the heart rate increases.

    Many menopausal women find it difficult to cope with mood swings. Frequent and sharp attacks are psychological disorders and health problems. They are caused primarily by hormonal imbalances, when the production of estrogen and neurotransmitters decreases, resulting in mood swings.

    Keep in mind! Sometimes other signs of early menopause in women, such as fatigue, also affect mood. It is important to learn how to manage your emotions. The life of this period should not be oversaturated with negative emotions. It is necessary to concentrate on the positive moments, so necessary during this period.

    Insomnia may occur during early menopause.

    Signs of sleep problems in women can be this: they often wake up, turn over, trying to find a comfortable position, fall asleep more difficult, and sleep less calm. Studies have shown that problems with sleep usually occur 5-7 years before the onset of menopause.

    Previously, doctors believed that interrupted sleep was a consequence of night sweats, however, recent studies have shown that these problems are not always associated with the main symptoms of menopause.

    Note! Sleep disturbance is widespread among middle-aged women, especially during menopause. But aggravating symptoms are considered: the inability to fall asleep at night, there are signs of breathing at night, sleep comes suddenly during activity.

    Weight gain, in particular, the deposition of fat around the waist is another sign of hormonal changes during menopause, which affects both weight gain and redistribution of fat. Fewer circulating sex hormones, estrogen, cause fat cells to be deposited as an alternative source of estrogen components.

    Low testosterone leads to a decrease in metabolism. This means that after menopause, women need fewer calories. Therefore, women who continue to eat, as before, gain weight.

    Keep in mind! To activate the body's metabolism and prevent weight gain during menopause, it is necessary to make a change in the diet and increase physical exercise to alter hormonal imbalance.

    Women should listen to their health problems. Sometimes the symptoms of menopause go unnoticed.

    Signs of early menopause in women

    Besides, loss of libido may indicate an approaching menopause and decrease in sexual activity, loss and thinning of hair, brittle nails, changing body odor, problems with gums.

    Signs of early menopause in women irritate them, complications such as fractures, diseases of the cardiovascular system occur.

    It should be understood that the measures taken have both positive effects and side effects. Therefore, pharmacological treatment should be used only in cases of serious symptoms that carry a more dangerous threat to health.

    The most used hormone therapy during menopause, supplying estrogen and tibolone. But such treatment can later lead to breast cancer.

    In addition to hormone therapy, medications containing bisphosphonates are used for the treatment of bone tissue and an increase in their calcium content (Aletronat, Risedronat). Side effect - problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

    Treatment with phytoestrogens, vitamin E, medicinal herbs, and so on, do not have scientific evidence, and are not part of medical recommendations, although there are cases when such measures have had a therapeutic effect in women during menopause.

    Completely stop the process of menopause in young women is impossible. To protect them from the negative effects of menopause, dietary measures are taken. The diet increases the amount of foods rich in calcium (dairy products, sardines, legumes, fruits and vegetables).It is important to ensure the intake of the required amount of vitamin D and a reduction in cholesterol levels.

    One of the risk factors for osteoporosis is the lack of exercise, which must be practiced regularly. Women involved in sports lose less bone mass. Besides, exercise reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, intensity of inflow decreases, mood improves.

    Adherence to a healthy lifestyle will prolong the onset of menopause. Refusal of alcohol, smoking and the prevention of stressful situations, will preserve the function of the ovaries for the longest possible time.

    Useful videos about early menopause and its symptoms

    Signs of early menopause in women - see this video:

    For the symptoms of early menopause in women and treatment, see this video:

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    Menopause is of course the strongest stress, both physical and moral. I was helped by the support of my family, and of estrogen. And jogging in the morning.

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