Every woman wants to stay young, healthy and beautiful longer. Unfortunately, with the onset of menopause, the aging process begins to progress particularly rapidly. The skin loses its former elasticity, the hair turns gray, and the intimate life is not as bright as before. That is why many are trying to learn how to delay menopause and prevent the first signs of menopause. There are many ways to do this, so every woman can choose the most suitable one for herself.
What happens before menopause
A few years before menopause, a woman begins to actively transform, flourish and care for herself. Interests change, new hobbies appear, and intimate life becomes brighter. This is due to the active production of estrogen hormones. Closer to the onset of menopause, they begin to subside, and during menopause and completely cease to be produced by the ovaries. That is why the female body suffers such a serious change.
What is menopause
The onset of this period comes with the cessation of regular menstruation. Menopause is often equated to climax. However, these two processes can be described separately. Menopause is only one of the symptoms of menopause, which manifests itself in the final absence of menstruation in adulthood. Most of the fair sex menopause equates to the approaching old age. Therefore, stepping over a certain age line, they think about how to delay menopause, making attempts to prolong youth.
With the onset of menopause, the possibility of conceiving a child disappears, as the ovaries cease their activity. This affects the appearance of women. The quality of skin, hair and nails is deteriorating, and interest in intimate life also disappears.
When does menopause begin
Reproductive activity finally ceases to function in every woman in different ways. If we take into account the average statistical indicators, then this period begins from 45 to 55 years. It is at this age that women begin to think about how to delay menopause. Among the factors that influence its occurrence, it is possible to distinguish heredity, as well as individual health indicators. A certain number of women retain the ability to conceive even at the age of 45, and some become hostages of menopause as early as 35 years.
Due to the cessation of ovarian work, estrogen and other sex hormones are no longer produced. This is strongly reflected in the female body. Menopause slows down all metabolic processes, impairs the functioning of the reproductive system, and later stops its activity altogether.
The stages of menopause
Climax is usually divided into three stages. In addition, each of them has its own duration and symptoms:
- Premenopause. Menstruation becomes irregular, but does not stop completely. Premenopause occurs between the ages of 40 to 45 years. It lasts from 2 to 10 years, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism.
- Menopause. The complete absence of menstruation occurs approximately in 50-55 years after a certain period of time after menopause. This period does not last long - from 2 to 5 years.
- Immediately after menopause comes postmenopause. It manifests itself in 5-7 years from the end of the last menstruation. This period lasts for a woman for the rest of her life.
The onset of menopause after 40 years is a completely natural and normal process that should not cause concern to a woman. If you go to the gynecologist in time and do not forget about regular examinations of the whole organism, you can not worry about how to delay menopause. The attending physician will always explain in detail about all the symptoms of the approaching menopause and will help to prevent it with the help of various medications and folk methods.
Signs of an approaching menopause
Every woman, even without visiting the doctor can determine the approach of menopause on the following symptoms:
- The menstrual cycle is changing. Changes are characterized by an increase in the interval between menstruations. It may also decrease the amount of discharge. In some cases, the monthly stop very sharply.
- Tides appear. This symptom is one of the most pronounced. Many women say that it is the tides that give them most of the discomfort and discomfort. Tides are considered to be a sharp increase in body temperature and the appearance of heat in the face and neck. This condition is always accompanied by increased sweating, lack of air and severe discomfort. Quite often, these tides provoke the development of migraine.
- Disrupted cardiovascular system. These disorders are manifested by high blood pressure, as well as rapid pulse. This condition occurs in sharp attacks that last no longer than 3 minutes.
- There is a weakness, apathy, decreased libido. Virtually all women experiencing menopause complain of a decrease in performance, fast fatigue and a constant feeling of fatigue, which does not pass even on days with low activity.
- The immune system is weakened. As the menopause approaches, chronic diseases begin to manifest themselves in the body. This happens because of a decrease in resistance to various infections, bacteria and viruses.
- The mental state is changing. The premenopause period is always accompanied by a change in behavior. A woman becomes more irritable, nervous and emotionally vulnerable.
In addition to the above symptoms, the onset of menopause may be accompanied by the occurrence of diseases such as cystitis, urinary incontinence, obesity, and ovarian tumors. Significantly increases the risk of diabetes. Hormones have a huge impact on the female body. Therefore, the violation of their usual activities is always accompanied by changes that affect all internal systems of life activity.
Is it possible to prevent menopause
Thinking about how to delay menopause and avoid manifestations of menopause, every woman will try to do everything possible. Fortunately, there are lots of ways that will not harm the body. However, you can not take any measures without consulting a doctor. Only a specialist can prescribe drugs or approve the selected treatment of folk remedies. Otherwise, you can aggravate the fragile reproductive system, which is on the verge of menopause.
To delay menopause, most doctors advise women to start hormone therapy. They contain the hormone progesterone, which is synthesized artificially. Experts recommend hormone therapy several years before the onset of menopause. As a preventive measure, many women start taking medication after 35 years. That is why it is necessary to closely monitor the state of their own women's health, monitor the menstrual cycle and not neglect the visit to the gynecologist. Only he will tell you how to delay menopause and avoid manifestations of menopause.
With the help of hormones, you can deceive nature and delay the period of menopause for several years. Regularly taking these medicines, you can restore the hormonal balance in the female body. Due to this, the reproductive system is able to function in a normal rhythm for several more years. When women think about how to delay menopause and get pregnant, they prefer this method of delay menopause. The most popular and effective drugs include:
If you start taking hormones during menopause, you can get rid of all the uncomfortable sensations that occur in every woman during this period. Take the above medications should only be after a thorough examination by a doctor. The specialist will do the necessary tests to ensure the urgency of hormone therapy, as well as eliminate the possibility of an allergic reaction to any component of the drug. In some cases, doctors prescribe herbal medicine, which gently and delicately affects the reproductive system of the female body. Most often, phytohormones are prescribed a few years before the onset of menopause.
Herbal medicine for delaying menopause
Pharmaceutical industries are actively using phytoestrogens to create medicines aimed at preventing the development of menopause. Homeopathic medicines help prevent early menopause, and also perfectly eliminate the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, if it has already come. Therapy based on phytoestrogens has virtually no side effects, since it does not have an aggressive effect on the body. Numerous reviews, how to delay menopause and avoid manifestations of menopause, indicate that drugs from natural raw materials are great for women aged 35 to 45 years.
Hormonal tablets, which are produced synthetically, have a huge number of contraindications. Therefore, before prescribing their appointment, the doctor sends a woman for examination and testing. Phytotherapy also needs strict supervision by specialists, but it can suit almost every organism.
What determines the onset of menopause
The time of menopause depends on genetic factors and to a lesser extent on lifestyle, the presence of bad habits, working conditions, the environment. It is necessary to understand that in order not to provoke an early menopause, health should be taken from an early age.
The average age of women when menstruation stops is 51 years.
By conducting hormone replacement therapy, which fills the deficiency of biologically active substances in the body, has its own indications, but even regular use of drugs can only alleviate the symptoms of menopause, which will still come.
Why menopause at 55 is better than at 40
Studies have been conducted that showed that women without bad habits, with good fitness, living in ecologically clean areas, menopause occurs 3-5 years later. Positive aspects include:
• increase in life expectancy,
• reduced mortality from all causes,
• preservation of cognitive abilities,
• reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases: coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis,
• less loss of bone density, reduced risk of osteoporosis and fractures.
The negative aspects include an increased likelihood of developing breast, endometrial, ovarian and some other malignant tumors.
In some women, menopause may occur earlier, the reasons:
• genetic predisposition (early menopause in the mother),
• chromosomal disorders (for example, Turner syndrome),
• long-term nicotine intoxication,
• autoimmune diseases,
• chemotherapy, radiation.
In these situations, it is better to ask the gynecologist questions in advance, in some cases with early menopause, hormone replacement therapy is possible.
To feel comfortable at any age, experts recommend to follow a number of rules.
During hormonal adjustment, the body needs a balanced diet. A variety of foods rich in vitamins and minerals support health and prevent osteoporosis, a condition in which bones become fragile.
It was found that the consumption of fatty fish (mackerel, salmon) - 90 g per day - causes a delay of 3.3 years, while regular inclusion of legumes (peas, chickpeas, lentils) in the diet can delay early menopause for one year. This is because a large number of antioxidants have a beneficial effect on the function of the ovaries, which continue to produce estrogen. In addition, soy is a lot of phytoestrogens that stimulate the synthesis of their own hormones.
Fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which alleviate the symptoms in premenopause and menopause, prevent the development of thrombosis, heart disease and improve metabolic processes.
Interesting data has been obtained that menopaus occurs in women-vegetarians a year earlier than those who did not refuse meat. Note that the studies were observational in nature, there is no direct evidence.
The general nutritional recommendations include the inclusion of a sufficient amount of fruits, vegetables and herbs, low-fat dairy products, eggs, olive oil, nuts and seeds, brown rice and other healthy cereals.
Estrogen is stored in adipose tissue, therefore, women with obesity have too much of it. This leads to the fact that the ovaries stop working properly.
If a woman is underweight, the body blocks all systems that are not related to the preservation of life. The greater the deficiency or excess weight, the greater the likelihood that menopause will occur earlier.
Body weight is a factor that can and should be controlled.
Consult an endocrinologist if the data on clinical and laboratory parameters are normal (blood sugar, cholesterol, thyroid hormones), diet, good sleep, stress control, physical exertion will help maintain weight in the normal range.
Exercise is one of the best measures to delay early menopause, since physical activity helps regulate hormones and prevents fat deposition. But not always "more" means "better."
There is a connection between extremely intense and / or prolonged exercise and early menopause. Too much stress provokes a hormonal imbalance that causes irregular ovulation and, possibly, early hormone depletion. If you do not have menstruation for more than a month or two, even if your weight is normal, consult a doctor.
Quitting smoking and alcohol
Chemicals in cigarettes: nicotine, cyanide, and carbon monoxide can accelerate ovarian atrophy. This process is irreversible. Because of this, smoking women enter menopause one to four years earlier.
Excessive alcohol consumption can trigger the onset of early menopause, but 2 cocktails or glasses of wine a week are not so dangerous.
Scientists are still studying communication, but preliminary studies show that the early onset of menopause can be caused by chemicals - "endocrine disruptors" coming from the environment.
Phthalates inhibit the body's ability to regulate hormones and are often found in cosmetics, shampoos, deodorants and perfumes, household chemicals, clothing, packaging material, etc.
Minimizing adverse effects can help maintain a balance of hormones. To do this, purchase only certified products of well-known companies, do not re-use plastic containers and do not store products in synthetic containers.
Also, do not warm up food in a plastic container in the microwave, phthalates have a peculiarity to accumulate in the body.
Hormone replacement therapy
If the ovaries have already started producing less estrogen, it is difficult to fight this, but for some women under the age of 40, hormone replacement therapy is a good option. There are many types of HRT, and it is still considered the gold standard for resolving many issues related to hormonal deficiency, and especially early menopause.
Phytoestrogens to prevent menopause
Looking for information on how to delay menopause and avoid manifestations of menopause, it is necessary to give preference to only the best drugs. Among the most popular drugs based on herbal substances are the following drugs:
The above phytoestrogen physicians prescribe women most often, because they are famous for their effective effects on the reproductive system. Natural medicines are sold in ordinary pharmacies, but it is still not recommended to purchase them without a doctor’s appointment.
Postponement of menopause folk remedies
Traditional medicine has long been famous for its miraculous recipes. Therefore, many women turn to her for help, thinking about how to delay the onset of menopause. With the help of herbs, you can reduce or even eliminate the unpleasant symptoms that always accompany the menopause. The best herbs for herbal medicine are:
- Red clover.
Как отсрочить менопаузу народными средствами, должна знать каждая женщина. Врачи назначают лечение травяными отварами и настойками только в качестве профилактики раннего климакса, а также для устранения легкой симптоматики на первых стадиях менопаузы. Traditional medicine affects the reproductive system is extremely delicate, but even herbs can not be abused, because they are medicinal.
For example, an overdose of herbal decoction of sage can cause liver dysfunction, since its surplus is accumulated in this organ. The use of herbal infusions excessively can negatively affect the condition of all internal organs. Therefore, before taking any medication is so important to consult with your doctor.
Postpone menopause with good habits
Gynecologists recommend adhering to a number of preventive measures that are aimed at maintaining women's health, as well as contribute to the strengthening of physical fitness. Not all women know whether it is possible to delay menopause on their own. But adhering to a healthy lifestyle, there is a chance not only to prevent early menopause, but also to maintain good health, as well as an attractive appearance. Every woman over the age of 35 is obliged to introduce the following habits into her life:
- Get enough sleep. Sleep is the most important aspect of feminine beauty and health. Night sleep should not be less than 8 hours. If you experience insomnia, you should consult a doctor for a prescription of sleeping pills.
- Avoid stressful situations. Surviving negative emotions, the body produces the hormone cortisol. It lowers the level of the main female hormone estrogen. If a stressful situation does occur, you must take sedatives.
Delay menopause physical activity
To climax came later, you need to love sports and engage in vigorous physical activity as often as possible. Reviews, how to delay menopause, indicate that the ideal option would be to sign up in the gym. If this is not possible, you can go dancing, swimming, walking or jogging. The main condition is to be mobile and energetic. A sedentary lifestyle has a bad effect on both health and appearance. Therefore, physical activity is simply necessary for those women who are trying to delay the onset of menopause.
What causes menopause and is it possible to delay it
Typically, menopause occurs in 46-54 years, but there are cases that go beyond this age limit. It all starts with a change in the level of hormones produced by the pituitary gland. Atresia of the follicles and a gradual decrease in the size of the ovaries, which also reduce the production of estrogen, develops. The functioning of the reproductive system gradually fades away, due to which the following manifestations occur:
- menstrual cycles increasetheir stability is disturbed, the amount of discharge changes
- begin blood pressure jumps,
- vaginal mucosa becomes thinnerbecomes drier
- characteristic tides: sensation of heat in the upper part of the body, accompanied by increased perspiration,
- causeless weakness,
- due to hormonal imbalance often appears excess weight.
Menopause significantly reduces the quality of life of even a morally prepared woman in those 3-5 years while the body is restructuring. Manifestations of early menopause are more aggressive and sharp.
Age, when menopause occurs, is partly programmed in our genes. Predisposition to early or late menopause is often transmitted from mother to daughter. Its approach can accelerate various negative factors: smoking, excessive stress or eating disorders. But you can also delay the onset of menopause and smooth out its manifestations. Such measures will help maintain hormonal balance. For this purpose, both proven tools and relatively new advances in medicine are used.
How to delay the onset of menopause with the help of herbal medicine
Previously, herbal medicine was the only available remedy for disease. Our ancestors explored nature and found natural remedies for each organ system. Particular attention was paid to women's well-being. Modern science has shown that the effect of plants used is due to the presence of phytoestrogens in them - substances similar in their action to female sex hormones.
Charges for the preparation of these infusions and now can be purchased at pharmacies. Below we tell about the most popular and effective ones.
Everyone knows anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating effect sage, which is often used for colds. However, this plant contains and a large number of phytoestrogens. Using its leaves restores the hormonal balance in the body, reducing the strength of hot flashes, along with excessive sweating and eliminating irritability, mood swings.
Sage can be consumed in different forms. Exist alcohol tincturesbut more popular teas. For its preparation you need to take 1 tsp. dry plants for every 100 ml of boiling water, insist for three minutes. Up to four cups of drink are allowed throughout the day.
Infusion make more concentrated: one tablespoon per 240 ml of boiling water, to insist at least half an hour. Depending on the severity of the manifestations of menopause, the resulting remedy is consumed 1-8 times a day in a tablespoon.
In addition to a large number of phytoestrogens, this plant is a mine of useful microelements. In him contains selenium, magnesium, chromium and phosphorus. Therefore, a decoction of red clover flowers not only maintains the hormonal balance, but also has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system and skin condition.
To prepare the broth, you need to take two tablespoons of clover for every 300 ml, bring to a boil and let it brew for 20 minutes.
How to delay the onset of menopause hormonal drugs
Menopause is caused by changes in hormonal levels, because to avoid this, you need to maintain a balance in the initial state. For this purpose, developed drugs containing estrogen, close to those produced naturally. They compensate for the lack of their own hormones, which is inevitable during menopause, and actually prolong youth. In the west, this method has been used for half a century and has been called hormone replacement therapy. It effectively eliminates almost all the negative manifestations of menopause.
Taking vitamins will not increase the activity of the ovaries, but will help avoid the negative manifestations of menopause. Special attention should be paid to the condition of the bones. Reducing the level of estrogen adversely affects the absorption of calcium in the body and provokes the development of osteoporosis. This condition is aggravated by long winters with a short daylight hours and indoor work. Reception helps to avoid complications vitamin d.
During menopause, estrogens do not disappear from the body completely, some continue to secrete the adrenal glands. Pantothenic acid supports their functioning, and vitamins B1, B2, B6 increase the effects of estradiol.
Vitamin E mitigates violations of thermoregulation and has a beneficial effect on the psycho-emotional state. Vitamins B1, B3 (nicotinamide), B6, B12, folic acid also normalize the nervous system.
Vitamins A, C, E and Zinc reduce the dryness of the vaginal mucosa and support immunity.
How to delay menopause with HLS
A healthy lifestyle not only prolongs the year, but also postpones the onset of old age. Similarly, it works in the case of menopause.
The first step is to review diet. The property of supporting the female hormonal background has such a product as soy. Its effect is comparable to the herbal charges mentioned above. Concomitant climax changes can also be contained through proper nutrition. The bones become more fragile, so a sufficient amount of dairy products and eggs should be present in the diet. Weight should be kept under control, giving preference to vegetables. It is necessary to limit the use of fatty and spicy foods.
Smoking brings menopause, so it is better to give up the bad habit long before its occurrence. Physical activity and exposure to fresh air are the primary means to protect the metabolism from hormonal shocks.
Is it possible to delay menopause?
The answer to this question is yes, but it has some "but". There are methods that help delay the onset of menopause, but since each organism is individual, these methods are not able to help absolutely everyone. Some women manage to delay the arrival of menopause for a couple of years only with the help of phytotherapy and lifestyle correction, while others are not enough and have to resort to HRT methods (hormone replacement therapy). Hormone therapy is a more effective method of preventing signs of early menopause, but it can not give any guarantees.
How to delay the onset of menopause with herbal medicine?
It is no secret that herbs, if properly applied, can carry a positive effect on the body. Is it possible for all available herbal infusions to help avoid such unwanted menopause? Herbs are not a panacea, but one of the means of traditional medicine. Mint, chamomile, hops, blackberries, hawthorn, rosemary and a pleasant tea party with possible benefits provided. Herbs are more beneficial in that they act without negative consequences. In plants there are vitamins that are necessary both for preserving and prolonging youth, and also in small quantities and phytohormones.
How to take sage during menopause? Make sage instead of tea or with it. Usually they drink sage with oolong. Also, you can take a tablespoon of horsetail and calamus root, brew boiling water in half liters. Further, after the mixture is infused, you should drink 100 grams of the infusion half an hour before meals.
Herbal collection of ten grams of licorice, twenty grams of hops, sage, yarrow and calamus root, forty grams of nettle and leaves of black currant and thirty grams of linden has a good result. To push the menopause should insist collection of 400 ml. boiling water and take 100 ml. throughout the day.
How to push the onset of menopause hormonal drugs?
To postpone the period of menopause, you can take hormones and phytohormones. But in both cases, you should initially consult a doctor. To pass tests not only for hormones, but also a blood test for sugar and glucose tolerance, a biochemical blood test for a certain level of cholesterol. The gynecologist will select for you exactly those preparations that fit directly to your body. Do not forget everything individually.
One - two years of hormone treatment is enough for a woman to smoothly enter the menopause. It is known that taking hormonal contraceptives can prevent early menopause, but when the first signs of menopause make themselves felt the gynecologist can prescribe such drugs with synthetic hormones: Proginova, Divigel, Estrofem, Ovestin.
Hormone replacement therapy for menopause involves the regular intake of estrogen in its pure form, or in combination with gestagens. These drugs are available in the form of tablets, pills, and patches, as well as gels. Usually, hormonal drugs are taken intermittently, and before the onset of menopause. When taking those means further reduction of the dose of the drug and the observation of changes under their influence.
Will vitamin therapy help stop early menopause?
Regular additional introduction of vitamins in young people and children is called into question by doctors. But vitamin therapy in women who are slowly but surely suited to the age of menopause does not cause doubts among specialists. Be sure to take in additional volume of vitamin complexes for women over forty years. It is advisable to take them courses two or three times a year, taking breaks.
Proper nutrition is one of the surest paths to the goal. Forget about diets. Better eat more often, but less. Add in the diet of vegetable fats and dairy products. Eliminate mayonnaise and ketchup. Let complex carbohydrates (cereals) form the basis of your diet. As for the protein diet, it will now be represented by beef, turkey or chicken meat. Better not to eat pork. All types of legumes can be used with almost no restrictions. Corn, wheat and flax are useful ingredients in your diet. But white bread and pastry should be limited. Coarse wallpaper flour is the best choice.
No bad habits
It should abandon bad habits. Smoking adversely affects the walls of blood vessels and blood supply to organs. No other external factor causes such harm to the ovaries as smoking, and therefore brings the menopause. Moderate consumption of red wine and dark beers will be the prevention of vascular atherosclerosis. One glass of wine or 200 grams of beer can be considered a moderate dose of alcohol.
What about sports? As never by the way, this sentence will be recalled. Move more, go to the gym, dance, yoga is very much in fashion, remember how you like to swim and sign up for the pool. Buy yourself a subscription, it will be a guarantee that in two or three classes you will not abandon your noble undertaking. Your muscles in business, do not forget about the power of thought. Read more books, develop intellectually. The brain will thank you, and your thoughts will be a little distracted from the realities of being.
Remember the advertisement: “Pause, eat“ TWIX ””. Fuss, work, we always hurry somewhere and do not have time, our body is in constant stress. Pause, relax. Make a cup of coffee, close your eyes and imagine yourself on an uninhabited island, and let the whole world wait. Putting off all your worries and dedicating your time to yourself, is what you are shown to do regularly. Work will not run away from you and the difficulties will not go away, but your body will tell you many thanks. Learn how to press the "off" button. Do not hold in yourself no anger, no offense at someone. Be above it. Smile at sunrise, wink at the world around you. Devote one day of the week to yourself: sleep plenty, change the situation - take a trip to the sea, to the forest, to the lake, go to the cinema, meet friends.
Myths and misconceptions about the beginning of menopause
Trying to explain premature menopause, women trust the following false statements:
"Late deliveries push back the onset of menopause."
As much as we would not want this, but this point in our mind does not help to postpone the onset of menopause. Give birth to health and on time, while your body is healthy! Then the pregnancy will be easier, and it will be easier to give birth. For the prevention of early menopause, try other ways. But do not forget about common sense! And I want to warn you that pregnancy is possible against the background of an early menopause. Immediately disappointed supporters of thought: you give birth more and breastfeed, menopause will come faster. This would be so if it were about the birth rate of more than ten children. And in our world, a family with three children is already considered to have many children. And to talk about the effect on early menopause of pregnancy and breastfeeding in this case is not necessary.
"Early menopause depends on the onset of menstruation."
It is necessary to hear the statement that the earlier the girl began menstruating, the earlier her menopause will come. Girls, girls, women, now you can relax. All this from a number of myths. Recent studies by scientists have shown that there is no connection between the beginning and the end of your reproductive cycle.
Prevention of early menopause
It is worth taking care at an early age about the future of the girl's body. Parents love to load their children with various useful activities, from their point of view. Write down to music, take to drawing, dance classes ... And this we are missing from the list of the school, which already takes half a day. Parents should not forget that the best tool for a healthy body and further prevention of early menopause is the absence of stress from a young age. And of course, follow the proper nutrition of the child. Already from an early age it is necessary to instill the concept of proper nutrition. After all, from 12-13 years old girls begin to feel that their reflection in the mirror does not correspond to generally accepted standards of ideals. Hence, unauthorized diets are another blow and stress to the body, which is absolutely useless at such an early age.
Prevention of early menopause is nothing more than work in a team of a gynecologist and the woman herself. A woman needs to give birth to children in time, undergo a subsequent period of lactation, take correct contraceptives, follow the daily diet, give up bad habits. Specialist - gynecologist, in turn, is obliged to help recognize the menopause on time, explain all the features and prescribe the correct treatment.
Proceed to the prevention of menopause should be long before its occurrence. It is important to minimize all stressful situations and eliminate infectious diseases. It is necessary to temper, to observe the daily regimen - to avoid chronic fatigue, heavy loads and psycho-emotional loads. It should engage in sports, gymnastics, more often to be in the fresh air. Только при условии соблюдения всех этих рекомендаций можно надеяться, что климактерический период наступит значительно позже.
Климакс и его фазы
Climax is called the natural processes in the body of a woman, when the reproductive function with a regular menstrual cycle is replaced by the time of complete cessation of menstruation. The beginning of this period is different for each woman, the average age is 40-45 years.
How to distinguish menstruation from menstruation bleeding, read here.
But since this is all individually, there are cases of menopause at 35 years old and even at 60 years old. Therefore, in medicine there are terms "early menopause" and "late onset of menopause."
The course of this state is also different - some of the fair sex do not have any special signs of indisposition, while others have menopause with various negative consequences. In this case, we can talk about menopausal (menopausal) syndrome.
Climax in turn passes through several phases of its development:
- premenopause. This period begins with the first signs of a climacteric state and continues until the completion of the menstrual cycle. Most often, this time is fixed after 40 years. Premenopause is manifested by irregular menstruation and a change in the nature of the discharge of blood; they can be extremely scarce or, on the contrary, abundant. Usually there is no physical or emotional discomfort. This stage lasts up to 10 years,
- menopause. Stage of the last menstruation. This phase can officially begin after a period of no more menstruation. Some doctors believe that menopause can be considered a period of lack of menstruation. within 1.5-2 years,
- postmenopause. At this time, hormonal adjustment is over. The ovaries completely stop the production of hormones, estrogen is reduced by 50% from the level of the reproduction phase. The involution of the body does not stop and lasts 1-2 years. All organs, whose work depended on the hormonal background, begin to change hypotrophic gradually. If we talk about external signs of changes, they appear as follows: hair growth on the pubic part decreases, the uterus also decreases in size, and the mammary glands change.
When menopause comes
The onset of menopause is determined by many factors. First of all, it is an individual feature of the body.
In medicine, there are several types of menopause:
- premature. It comes after the age of thirty and lasts up to 40 years,
- early. Covers 41-45 years
- timely. That is, the period when it is considered the normal state of the body - from 45 to 55 years,
- late. Begins after 55 years of age.
Causes of early menopause
Over time, a woman has global changes in the body - the ovaries stop producing sex hormones, menstruation fails, and the possibility of conception is reduced every time. As already mentioned, in the normal state this period begins at 45 and lasts 2-3 yearswhen the menstruation is completely gone.
The main reason in this case is unstable hormonal backgrounddue to which menstruation occurs irregularly.
Causes of early menopause can be divided into two groups:
- hereditary (genetic),
Genetic factors affecting the onset of early menopause:
- female X chromosome abnormality
- Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome,
- disruption of the ovaries under the influence of the X chromosome.
The reasons for the acquired character:
- diseases affecting hormones. This may be diabetes, endocrine disorders, etc.
- gynecological pathology, including various infections,
- presence of lyour weight,
- application hormonal contraception without consulting a doctor.
Is a delay possible and why is it needed?
Menopause is a clear sign of the onset of an aging process. At this time, the state of health is deteriorating, various diseases may worsen. The body becomes more susceptible to infections. External signs of aging are beginning to manifest themselves rapidly. Therefore, in order to prolong her youth, a woman tries to delay the onset of menopause.
How to get rid of menopause, read also here.
Despite the fact that menopause is a natural process in the body, women still try to delay menopause, because In addition to hot flashes and nighttime sleep deprivation, the body begins aging processes, which are manifested by the appearance of wrinkles on the face, weakness, fatigue, etc.
So is it possible to postpone the beginning of this period? All scientific research on this issue led to the conclusion that can push the onset of menopause and avoid its manifestations for a certain time. To do this, follow certain rules. In addition, the hereditary factor is of great importance.
External and internal factors have a big effect on a woman's body and can both delay and accelerate the onset of menopause. Modern scientific advances and medications can slow the aging process up to 10-15 years.
Preparing for premenopause is necessary from the age at which the woman’s mother began this period. It is advisable to start the procedure for rejuvenating the body from the age of 35. And best of all to do it long before 30 years.
The basis of such procedures include:
- proper nutrition
- playing sports
- proper distribution of work and rest, etc.
The importance of a healthy lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle, above all, provides a healthy diet. In the diet of women should be foods rich in all the vitamins and trace elements. If they are not enough, then get pharmacy vitamins.
Since during the period of menopause, metabolic processes are disturbed, a woman may begin to gain weight.
Therefore, the diet should consist of the following products:
- fruits and vegetablesrich in fiber
- products with soybean - they have a lot of dietary fiber and phytoestrogens,
- dairy products, as an additional source of calcium,
- whole grain products - as a rule, it is bread, durum macaroni, wheat,
- enough water - up to 2 liters per day,
- vegetable fat - hemp, flaxseed and other oils,
- meat low-fat varieties.
In the east, women try not to take hormonal drugs in order to delay menopause, considering that natural aging can be adjusted by proper nutrition. They give preference in food to such products as avacado, hummus, lentils, etc.
An active lifestyle and sports also help to postpone menopause. This item is also important because hypodynamia leads to early climax - this has been proven by scientists. But excessive exercise enthusiasm is also contraindicated. It is worth finding a middle ground.
The best options are:
Another condition for the preservation of youth for a long time is rejection of addiction, that is, smoking and drinking alcohol.
The use of hormonal drugs
Many women, not knowing how to postpone menopause, try to start hormone therapy on their own, but it is strictly prohibited to do so. Only a doctor can pick up the drug, based on the individual indicators of the patient. Then the medicine will be able to fill the deficit of female hormones.
So, with female climax, the following drugs are widely used:
They not only compensate for the lack of hormones, but also eliminate unpleasant symptoms.
Side effects of hormonal drugs include:
- excess weight,
- vaginal bleeding,
- breast diseases,
- high blood pressure
- the appearance of blood clots.
Use of non-hormonal medications
Non-hormonal therapy for menopause may be in the following forms:
- tablet preparations
- medicines in the form of candles - they are convenient to use, because do not have a negative effect on the stomachthat is important in case of problems with this body.
Types of drugs are selected by the doctor, but the release form can be chosen by the woman herself.
More and more popular are becoming selective modulators - under their influence the organism functions in the same mode as during normal production of estrogens. There is only one condition for taking such a drug, namely that a woman has thrombosis should not be diagnosed.
Any drug must be administered. only doctor, sometimes it may require preliminary diagnosis, and only in the absence of contraindications can a drug be prescribed.
Folk remedies and dietary supplements
Herbal medicine is an effective and safe method of delaying menopause.
Pharmacies sell special teas for this purpose, which include medicinal herbs such as:
They naturally contribute to the development of the necessary hormone.
On the popular methods of dealing with menopause, read also in this article.
The following are the most popular recipes:
- used to stimulate the production of hormones medunitsa decoction. Take 1 spoon of grass in a glass of boiling water. The course of reception is 10 days. From the inflorescences of lungfish you can prepare a salad
- two herbs are being prepared - licorice and aralia. They take on 1 tbsp. spoon half a liter of boiling water. The broth should be drunk during the day, dividing it into equal parts. The treatment lasts 14 days, it is recommended to take 2-3 such courses per year,
- the same recipe is prepared sage, calamus and swamp horsetail.
Thus, the main medications that can prolong a woman’s youth include:
- vitamin and mineral complexes
- hormone replacement drugs,
- herbal teas,
- herbal fees.
It is worth remembering that non-hormonal therapy, despite its plant origin, can be prescribed only doctor.
But the choice for the form of the drug is behind the woman. She can decide for herself what is needed for her - candles, pills or drops.
To have the effect of therapy it lasts a long time with short breaks.
Ways to delay menopause
How can we delay menopause or prevent its manifestations, this is the main question for patients aged 40 years and older. It is worth noting that only 20% of all women experience severe symptoms, but the fear of hot flashes in patients is so strong that they are ready to delay menopause by all means.
According to the statements of doctors, it is quite possible to postpone the onset of menopause, for this it is necessary only to exclude factors that contribute to the rapid decay of the ovaries. The main thing is to treat all developing gynecological and endocrine diseases in a timely manner, and also to lead a healthy lifestyle. Then, according to the statements of doctors, the ovaries will work like a clock, and the “women's autumn” will come much later.
To delay the onset of menopause without medication will help:
- According to the results of many years of research, it was proved that ovarian decay occurs earlier, if the woman has not breastfed and has given birth only once. In such patients, premature menostasis often occurs, because childbirth and lactation contribute to a longer work of the ovaries.
- Avoid stress. We all know that stress has a negative effect on our health, but menopause, moreover, many will ask. Very much and. During stress and strong psycho-emotional experiences in the body produces a hormone called cortisol. This substance disrupts the balance of sex hormones and its production in large quantities can cause premature menopause.
- Follow the schedule of work and rest. The female body produces the hormones of youth only in a dream. If a woman does not sleep at the prescribed 8 o'clock or goes to bed too late, the production of this hormone is disturbed, and not only the appearance but also the ovarian performance suffers, getting enough sleep, you can stop the first manifestations of ovarian aging.
- Sign up for a gym. Regular exercise eliminates stress, helps to keep the body in good shape, strengthens the immune system and the nervous system. In addition, sport is a great way to make all the organs of the body work at full capacity, including the endocrine glands. Normalizing hormones can prolong women's health after 40 and not worry about the premature onset of menopause.
Interesting! According to the results of research, women practicing yoga have almost no cases of premature menopause!
How can we delay menopause and avoid its manifestations
At the very first manifestations of menopause, you can significantly delay the manifestation of unpleasant symptoms and prolong the life of the ovaries, doctors say. But most importantly, according to specialists, this is the time to start therapy.
Methods of dealing with menopause at the initial stage allow you to maximize youth and to postpone the appearance of unpleasant symptoms. And with the right treatment, a woman may not even encounter hot flashes and other unpleasant manifestations of menostases. The transition to the post-climax stage in this case will be soft and natural. Today there are several treatment options that will help delay menopause and ease its manifestations.
When is the autumn of women
It should be noted that menopause is quite a long period, which stretches for more than one year.
It includes the following steps:
- Premenopause - symptoms of menopause begin to appear.
This is due to a decrease in the hormonal function of the ovaries. They begin to gradually produce fewer female sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone. A deficiency of these hormones provokes the manifestation of menopause. The first symptoms of menopause are changes in the menstrual cycle. Monthly come with a delay and last fewer days. A woman becomes irritable, tearful, overly touchy, she is tormented by headaches, blood pressure spikes, sleep disturbances begin, hot flashes and sweating appear.
- Menopause - this is the last menstruation after, which year there was no independent menstruation.
Therefore, to determine the onset of menopause can only be retrospectively. During this period, the level of sex hormones is reduced to a minimum value.
- Postmenopause is the final stage of the climacteric period, at which the body finally rebuilds its work taking into account the absence of sex hormones and begins to function in a new way.
At this stage, the lady is no longer concerned about the symptoms of menopause, which were previously. She faces such manifestations as dry skin and vaginal mucosa, hair loss, urinary incontinence and others.
All women have a climacteric period very individually. Stages of premenopause and postmenopause can last for a different amount of time and are accompanied by different intensity of symptoms.
Causes of early menopause
Early menopause may occur for such reasons:
- genetic feature of the body
- severe stressful situations and depression
- bad habits (use of alcohol, drugs and tying up),
- difficult childbirth,
- prolonged absence of sex life
- disorders of the central nervous system
- thyroid disease,
- surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries,
- postponed chemotherapy,
- infectious diseases,
- strict diets and fasting
- poor nutrition.
As you can see, a lot of factors influence the onset of early menopause. Therefore, a lady who wants to prevent the onset of menopause should take them all into account.
Is late menopause good?
Menopause should occur at about 50 years. So laid by nature. If menopause occurs after 55 years, then this is a deviation from the norm. A woman should always consult a gynecologist and undergo a full medical examination. After all, very often the cause of late menopause is a malignant neoplasm.
The sooner a woman diagnoses a disease, the sooner she can begin treatment and defeat the illness. Sometimes, late onset of menopause, programmed by the woman at the genetic level. As a rule, such a feature is transmitted by heredity. If so was the mother and grandmother, then, most likely, will be their heiress.
Climax is a natural period in a woman’s life, which needs to be postponed only when it occurs prematurely. Postpone menopause for an age exceeding 50 years is not worth it. It is necessary to apply measures allowing to correct this period and to remove the intense manifestations of menopausal symptoms. Then, the life of the lady of mature age will be bright and full.
Methods and methods for postponing menopause
How to delay the onset of menopause? Undoubtedly, menopause is a natural physiological period in the life of every woman, but its occurrence depends on many factors.
Modern medicine allows you to push the menopause such methods:
- natural therapy
- non-hormonal therapy,
- hormone replacement therapy,
- the use of herbal remedies.
Let us consider in detail each method.
Even the most "scary" menopause can be defeated at home! Just do not forget two or three times a day.
Under natural therapy, experts mean active, healthy lifestyle of a woman. How to delay the menopause coming sooner than expected? In order to delay the onset of their women's fall, ladies, starting at the age of 38, need to be more careful about their health.
For this you need:
- Each year, undergo examinations by a gynecologist, a mammologist, an endocrinologist and a therapist.
To undergo blood tests, as well as undergo ultrasound of the thyroid gland, organs of the small pelvis and other internal organs. Do not start existing diseases. It is necessary to carry out preventive therapy of chronic diseases. Special attention requires the urinary system.
- You must try to avoid stress and depression.
In the body during strong psycho-emotional shocks, the hormone cortisol is synthesized, which upsets the balance of the main female sex hormone estrogen. A hormonal imbalance can trigger the onset of early menopause. Therefore, experts advise ladies to practice yoga, which changes the worldview and allows you to maintain peace of mind in many life situations. If stress or communication with unpleasant people could not be avoided, then you should take a sedative or drink herbs (valerian, mint).
It is important to adhere to the correct daily routine.
Sleep should last at least 6-8 hours. When a woman does not sleep regularly, she feels chronic fatigue. In this state, the metabolic processes and the general hormonal level are disturbed, and this may provoke a premature onset of menopause. If insomnia has arisen, then there is no need to hurry to take sleeping pills. You should take a walk half an hour before bedtime in the open air and drink a glass of warm milk with honey or a cup of green tea with mint.
The diet of a woman who is 40 years old should be dominated by food of plant origin. A lady should like raw vegetables, greens, fruits and berries, as well as dishes from them. After all, it is a source of such important for health vitamins and microelements, as well as fiber, which gently stimulates the work of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. The menu should contain a variety of legumes, whole grain cereals, nuts and pasta made from durum wheat. You must use good quality olive and sunflower oil. It is important to consume daily lactic acid and dairy products. The amount of butter in the diet should be reduced, but not abandon it altogether. Fatty meats should be replaced with lean (chicken, turkey, rabbit). It is necessary to increase the consumption of fish and seafood. It is necessary to reduce the amount of salt and sugar consumed. You can sometimes use small quantities of dark chocolate, honey, natural marmalade or jam. Lard, margarine, pastry should be excluded from your diet.
In addition, they facilitate the flow of symptoms of menopause. Moderate exercise strengthens the immune system and the nervous system, accelerates metabolism, normalizes metabolic processes, and also restores hormones. It is very important to walk more in the fresh air. Therefore, it is useful to train yourself for morning runs or walks.
Complying with all the recommendations, it is possible, not only to delay the onset of menopause, but also to prevent the development of diseases characteristic of menopause: diseases of the cardiovascular system, diabetes.
Non-hormonal drugs contain phytoestrogens - substances that are very similar to the female sex hormone estrogen. Their use is more natural for the body than the use of synthetic hormones. They do not have a large list of side effects, but despite this, they absolutely can not be taken independently.
Prescribe such drugs can only the attending physician after a full medical research, including ultrasound of the pelvic organs and blood tests for hormones. The peculiarity of such treatment is that the drugs are taken for a long time. They have a cumulative mode of action.
We can distinguish such very effective drugs:
- Estrovel - contains Tsitimfug phytoestrogens, an extract of soybeans and nettle leaves, as well as a vitamin complex.
It is prescribed for the manifestations of early menopause. Take 1 or 2 tablets per day after meals for a month.
- Feminal - incorporates phytoestrogen of red clover.
It is prescribed, including, with early menopause. Accepted by appointment of the attending physician from 2 to 6 months.
- Femivell - contains, in addition to phytoestrogens of soy and red clover, a vitamin complex.
It is taken one tablet per day with long courses.
Hormone replacement therapy
Hormonal drugs are prescribed only by the attending physician after a full medical examination, if there are indications for their use. Take your own medicine is absolutely impossible. They can trigger the growth of malignant tumors.
To delay menopause, the doctor may prescribe the use of such funds:
- Monopreparations that contain only the main female sex hormone estrogen.
Drugs that effectively remove menopause: Ovestin (in any form - tablets, cream or suppositories), Estrofem (tablets), Divigel (gel).
- Combined tools - are composed of estrogen and progesterone.
They will help to postpone menopause such drugs: Angelique, Divina, Klimonorm, Klymene, Klayra, Norkolut, Femoston.
The use of herbal remedies
Some medicinal plants allow you to delay the onset of menopause. They effectively stimulate the immune system of women and inhibit the aging process.
It is possible to allocate such effective means:
- Monastic tea, which includes such medicinal plants: hawthorn and rosehip fruits, St. John's wort, thyme, oregano, sage and motherwort.
Acceptance of such a collection allows you to improve the work of internal organs and systems, as well as normalize metabolic processes.
- Broths medunitsy stimulate the production of female sex hormones.
1 tbsp. A spoonful of grass is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 20-30 minutes. The resulting infusion is drunk half an hour before meals.
- Complex decoction of sage, horsetail and calamus rhizomes brew and take the same as the medunitsu.
Herbs help delay the onset of menopause and have no side effects. However, they should be taken after consulting with your doctor. He will adjust the treatment - the number of doses per day, the dose of the agent and the duration of the course.
To summarize, I would like to emphasize once again that the question of whether it is possible to delay menopause modern medicine gives an affirmative answer.
A large number of hormonal and non-hormonal drugs have been developed to solve this problem. You can use time-tested herbal remedies.
If a lady starts to adhere to the recommendations of our natural therapy, we will look great and feel good during menopause. You should not avoid menopause who came in 50 years - everything should be on time. We wish you good health!
And what do you know about methods to delay menopause?
The best non-hormonal remedy for menopause Tea for menopause This drug will relieve tides, frequent mood changes and increase the level of estrogen, thanks to 30 herbs! Say to climax - STOP!
The menopause always begins with the extinction of the ovaries and the drop in the level of the hormone estrogen in a woman's body. It is estrogen that is a hormone of youth and beauty of a woman, its sufficient level in target organs provides skin elasticity, hair shine, strong bones, nails, uninterrupted heart function, no problems with vision and high blood pressure, moisturizing mucous membranes and much more. Virtually every organ, all systems of the female body are affected by estrogen or its absence.
Most women aged 40 and over do not notice the approaching threat, do not think about how to postpone the onset of menopause. They live a full life without serious chronic diseases, they feel highly functional, energetic, they still feel their attractiveness, show interest in intimate relationships and take hormonal contraceptive drugs on a regular basis.
It is a mistake to think that this is prevention of menopause. Oral contraceptive preparations do not eliminate the climacteric syndrome. At the age of 40, it is worthwhile to consult a doctor to rule out early menopause.
The beginning minor changes in the body of a woman after 45 years of age are not perceived by her as requiring intervention. Observed fatigue, extinction of libido, infrequent problems with the heart, blurred vision, sharp mood changes, spontaneous excessive sweating.
All this is written off to workload, household chores, lack of rest. Appearance is still youthful, there are periodic menstruation with small shifts from the usual cycle.
Nevertheless, this premenopause is the beginning of irreversible changes in the body. It is the premenopausal period that is worth considering how to delay the onset of menopause and begin to act using all the possibilities, without losing precious time.
It is impossible to avoid climax. How to push the approach of the syndrome - prompted by simple tips. Compliance with the recommendations will prolong youth and beauty for a long time, improve the quality of life at any age, help to delay menopause a little in time:
- minimize stress
- avoid getting enough sleep
- move a lot, dance, walk,
- do not keep strict diets
- eat low-calorie foods, include vegetables in the diet,
- exclude smoking, alcohol,
- medication (hormone replacement therapy) is the most effective method.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the restoration of the dying hormonal background of a woman to a normal level by the introduction of synthetic estrogen analogues. An incoming hormone is embedded in the cells of the organs, normalizing the hormonal background of the body. Sometimes combinations of estrogen with progesterone are used.
All treatment regimens, dosages are adjusted and prescribed only by a gynecologist. Before prescribing a drug for the prevention of menopause after 45, a specialist will prescribe an appropriate examination and check the level of hormones. To diagnose the onset of menopause or its absence, the level of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) is measured.
Another mandatory examination before the appointment of HRT to the patient is an ultrasound of the mammary glands, small pelvis, uterus. Such surveys will have to take place at least 2 times a year. A physician should exclude the presence or development of tumors when taking hormones that delay the onset of menopause.
Unfortunately, it is believed that HRT provokes the development of mammary tumors. On this account, experts have divided opinion. Perhaps the reason is that the diagnosis of tumors in the breast in the early stages of women, often undergoing examination and not passing, is detected more often. It is in the early stages, which is very important for the early initiation of therapy.
Interesting fact. Known Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie to solve this problem and delay menopause, through HRT, underwent surgery to remove the mammary glands and ovaries. Having excluded all risks, she did not hide her position in life and announced operations for the whole world. In this case, Jolie will remain the same young blooming for many years, with no signs of aging.
During hormonal changes in the body of a woman, various processes inevitably occur, which are accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. These are hot flashes, dizziness, migraines, sleep disturbances, irritability and others.
For the relief of undesirable manifestations of menopause, various drugs are used:
- drugs acting on the cardiovascular system
- homeopathic complexes,
- external creams and gels to restore moisture of the mucous membranes of the genital organs,
- preparations enriched with calcium, vitamin-mineral complexes,
Medicinal plants containing estrogen-like substances, phytoestrogens, are a good alternative to HRT for the relief of menopause symptoms. They are part of folk remedies aimed at eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Delay menopause folk remedies can not. Only a visit to a specialist will help to cope with this problem.