A large number of women are interested in the question of why diarrhea appears before menstruation. So in connection with the physiological characteristics of the structure and functioning of the female body, the work of all organs and systems is influenced by hormonal changes, which are expressed every month. The most noticeable changes are a few days before menstruation. They manifest themselves in the form of changes in the emotional background, deterioration of the skin and disorders of the functioning of the organs of the digestive tract. About why there is diarrhea before menstruation and what to do to eliminate this pathological condition, we will talk in more detail in the presented article.
Causes and symptoms
As already noted, the main triggering factor for the occurrence of disorders in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract before menstruation is hormonal imbalance. It affects all organs and systems. Disorders associated with the process of digestion while having the appearance of bloating and diarrhea.
Usually, such a pathological symptom leads to the idea of food poisoning or some kind of illness, but in the premenstrual period, the reasons for the appearance of liquid stool are:
- the effect of the hormone progesterone, namely the increase in its quantity,
- spasmodic processes in the intestines,
- relaxation of muscle fibers and an increase in blood flow to the pelvis,
- syndrome, which is called irritable bowel syndrome,
- changes in uterine tone,
- digestive disorders reflex character.
Menstruation in the second phase of the cycle is accompanied by the release of the egg and the body's adjustment for future pregnancy. Changes occur in the tone of the muscle fibers of the uterus and the tubes and the decrease in the tone of the muscles of the vagina. In connection with the advancement of the egg and the increase in tone, the intestines are impacted in the form of an increase in its motility. All this causes the food to linger in the intestines for a shorter period of time, disruption of the digestive process and absorption of fluid, and this explains the situation of diarrhea before menstruation.
With the appearance of diarrhea before menstruation, you do not need to panic, because in most cases it passes within 1-3 days.
A significant effect on the gastrointestinal tract progesterone fluctuations have. In some women, appetite changes often occur in the second phase of the menstrual cycle, which leads to the formation of diarrhea. In a given period of time, they may use products that they have not liked so far. As a result, the digestive system cannot adjust to such changes so quickly, and discomfort, bloating and diarrhea begin to manifest themselves.
Quite often, the premenstrual period is accompanied by a violation of the digestive process, which is of a reflex nature. His appearance can provoke:
- hormonal changes,
- changes in reflex nature
- changes in the usual diet and nutrition.
In this case, the woman begins to worry pain, for their nature, they are similar to the menstrual. Their localization is the lower abdomen, but they can also radiate to the navel. A feature of irritable bowel syndrome is that diarrhea before menstruation appears in the morning time of day, with time it changes constipation. Even with the frequent urge to implement the act of defecation remains the feeling that the intestine is not completely emptied.
What should be troubling
It should be noted that only in rare cases, diarrhea before menstruation is a symptom of chronic diseases of the digestive system, such as gastritis or pancreatitis. But it is this period of time that is considered favorable for the appearance of an intestinal infection.
Diarrhea, which indicates pathological processes in the body, may be accompanied by a large number of other pathological manifestations and sensations. A woman will be disturbed by this:
- increase in body temperature
- excessively intense pain in the abdomen,
- the appearance of an unpleasant odor and foamy stool consistency,
- prolonged vomiting.
Note that diarrhea can also indicate pregnancy, especially if it is accompanied by a feeling of nausea, vomiting and a slight increase in body temperature (by several tenths of a degree).
Activities aimed at eliminating the pathological symptom
If disorders of the digestive process in the premenstrual period do not lead to the appearance of discomfort in a woman, then in this case it is possible not to take any measures for their disappearance. If diarrhea is accompanied by nausea, then in this case, before taking any medication drugs need to be tested for pregnancy. This need is explained by the fact that the fetus is formed in the first trimester of pregnancy (especially in the first weeks), and it is very sensitive to drugs and their negative impact can cause deviations in its development.
With the simultaneous appearance of diarrhea and abdominal cramps, the best option is to receive antispasmodic drugs, such as No-shpy. These drugs have the ability to eliminate pain and restore the normal ability of the intestine to peristalsis.
It is necessary to focus on the fact that it is possible to get rid of diarrhea before menstruation without taking medication. All you need to do is follow these simple guidelines, such as:
- It is necessary to increase the amount of fluid consumed per day. This will help restore the body's water and mineral balance. Allowed to drink teas, compotes non-carbonated water.
- You must avoid eating unfamiliar foods and foods that may irritate the intestines.
- It is necessary to give preference to the porridges prepared on water, cheese and unsweetened crackers.
- It is necessary to use dishes only freshly prepared.
Summarizing the above information, it is necessary to state that the causes of diarrhea in the premenstrual period can be very diverse. The fight against it will be effective only in the case of determining the provoking factor of its appearance. Therefore, the best option is to consult a doctor who can find the best ways to deal with this rather unpleasant symptom.
This is practically all the information about how diarrhea can be associated with the premenstrual period and why it appears. We hope it will be useful for you and help you find answers to questions that interested you.
Causes of diarrhea during menstruation
Not so long ago, diarrhea was not associated with menstruation, but modern studies still proved that there is a connection between these 2 biological phenomena. If diarrhea occurs before menstruation, then, as a rule, menstruation is delayed. Many girls from this delay panic, and stress and anxiety, as you know, can lead to a failure in the cycle. To avoid this, you just need to cure intestinal upset as soon as possible, and then the cycle will be restored.
Many women before menstruation are disturbed by lower abdominal pain, they can be so strong that a woman is not able to work normally and live a full life. Such symptoms usually last 2 days. The pain in this case is cramping, which causes contraction of the intestinal walls and can cause diarrhea.
When menstruation begins, the blood supply increases in the pelvis, while the uterus contracts and also affects the contractile function of the intestine - which is why during menstruation diarrhea is considered, in principle, normal. During this period, diarrhea can be caused by high levels of prostaglandins in the blood: during menstruation, their level increases naturally and normally, but they can affect intestinal motility. The most common reason for which diarrhea can occur during menstruation is the hormonal background of the woman, which undergoes various changes during this period.
Many of the fair sex during menstruation noted in their increased appetite. If during this period the girl is constantly eating something, then the body may react to it with diarrhea, which in principle is not related to menstruation. Some women these days prefer salty foods, which provokes greater fluid intake, and this can also make fecal matter liquid.
Although a lot of research has been done on this subject, scientists cannot yet answer the exact question of why diarrhea can be a concomitant phenomenon during menstruation, but there is clearly a connection. Such symptoms occur even in women with partially or completely removed uterus.
But not always diarrhea or nausea during menstruation is normal. Perhaps the cause of these reactions lies in the infectious diseases of the digestive organs, and sometimes the causes can be problems in the field of gynecology.
When bending the uterus, it can press on the intestines. Before the onset of menstruation, the uterus swells a little, that is, slightly increases in size. Accordingly, the pressure on the intestines will be stronger. Similarly, if a woman has fibroids, provided that she is on the outer layer of the uterus. It can also put pressure on the intestines, and in turn, in order to get rid of the pressure, it will increase motility, which will lead to diarrhea.
With endometriosis, there may also be diarrhea with menstruation. In addition, during the entire menstrual cycle, a woman may suffer from abdominal pain: the process of defecation becomes painful, and in the feces you can find signs of blood.
Cystitis is an infection of the bladder, and it would seem that this problem has nothing to do with the uterus or intestines, but during menstruation it can go into the acute stage. In this case, an irritated bladder can provoke active contractions of the reproductive organ, and it, in turn, can disturb the intestines, causing its increased motility.
With colitis, enteritis and other diseases of the digestive tract diarrhea with menstruation may be a symptom of exacerbation. Severe abdominal pain and diarrhea can cause algomenorrhea. This is a problem in the gynecological field, which must be diagnosed and treated. Well, the simplest explanation for diarrhea in menstruation is E. coli, which may not appear for the entire month, and when immunity becomes weaker before menstruation, it makes itself felt.
How to treat diarrhea?
During menstruation, diarrhea does not require treatment, but if a woman’s condition needs taking action, then the unpleasant symptoms can be alleviated in this way:
- Take No-shpu. It fights spasms in the intestines and lowers its activity. This is perhaps the only drug that is not contraindicated in this situation.
- Try to limit yourself to eating foods that contain a lot of fat. Fat triggers the production of bile, and this can lead to diarrhea.
- Do not overeat these days. It is better to eat in small portions, but often so as not to overload the gastrointestinal tract.
- It is advisable to drink jelly, strong tea, non-carbonated water, decoctions of herbs (for example, nettle), rose hips.
- For a couple of her before menstruation, it is better not to eat dried apricots, plums, and other products that have a laxative effect. It is recommended, on the contrary, to increase in the diet foods that attach the intestines, for example, bananas or rice.
- It is very undesirable to take pills for diarrhea. The body of a woman on critical days and so is exposed to difficulties, it is not necessary to strain it additionally with drugs, besides, in this case, the effect may be reversed.
Menstruation and all its manifestations are not a disease, but experts still advise women in these days not to overwork and rest more. If diarrhea is an infrequent pathological emptying, but simply loose stools, then for some women it may even be good: the body is cleansed of unnecessary waste and is rid of excess weight.
When to see a doctor:
- If the diarrhea is strong enough and does not stop within 2-3 days, it means that it was not hormonal surges that caused it in the body.
- Medical help is urgently needed if, in addition to diarrhea, the woman vomits, she has unbearable abdominal pain, she is weakened, or her temperature rises.
- If the stool is very frequent, foamy, interspersed with blood or green.
- Very dark stools that have an atypical, offensive odor are also a reason to consult a doctor.
- Consultation with a doctor is also necessary if the correct lifestyle, diet and other measures do not bring results.
If nausea, vomiting, diarrhea are combined with delayed menstruation, then it is possible that pregnancy has occurred, and the body thus cleans itself for comfortable development of the fetus. In this case, the woman may have frequent urination, tenderness in the mammary glands, sometimes the temperature rises slightly.
Herbs for diarrhea
To relieve diarrhea, it is good to brew hawthorn berries. A few berries will be enough for a glass of water. The broth is boiled for about 5-7 minutes, then allowed to infuse under the lid for 30 minutes, you can even wrap a container with a decoction in a towel. Then it is necessary to strain the broth and drink 3 times a day.
A good tool is a walnut partition. Of these, it will be necessary to prepare an alcohol tincture. At 300 g of partitions you need to take a glass of alcohol. Leave the tincture in a dark cool place for 2 days. Then the tincture must be filtered and drink 10 drops, diluting them in water. Take the tincture should be 3-4 times a day. This remedy helps to very quickly cope with diarrhea. Therefore, as soon as the symptoms have passed, the tincture must be stopped to take, otherwise the remedies for constipation will be needed.
Young green aspen buds - 1 more remedy for diarrhea. 1 tbsp. l buds in a cup of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes, then infuse for about an hour. Strain and drink 1/3 cup before each meal.
You can prepare a collection of herbs: wormwood, nettle, St. John's wort, geranium, fennel seeds. All take in equal quantities, mix well, then 1 tbsp. l ready to collect pour a glass of boiling water, insist 3 hours. Strain and drink 1/3 cup 3 times a day. These herbs can be infused and brewed separately. For infusions of diarrhea use blueberries and pomegranate peels.
Diarrhea before menstruation: physiological causes
In different phases of the cycle, the hormonal system of the female body loses stability. For example, in the first half of the MC, the amount of estrogen prevails, and in the second half, progesterone dominates. Gastrointestinal symptoms that precede menstrual bleeding are explained by hormonal fluctuations. An imbalance of hormones affects the functioning of all organs and systems, and the digestive tract responds to changes in bowel disorder and flatulence.
If you consider diarrhea before menstruation as a sign of PMS, it will have physiological reasons. As experts say, these are the individual characteristics of the organism. Why diarrhea opens:
- Hormonal imbalance.
- IBS - irritable bowel syndrome.
- Unstable uterus tone.
- Abnormal reflexes of the digestive system.
- Progesterone is too high on the eve of menstruation.
After the egg has left the follicle, the reproductive system begins to prepare for pregnancy. In this case, the muscles of the vagina relax, and the tube and uterine muscles strengthen their tone. Peristalsis of the intestine increases due to the close proximity to the uterus.
Before menstruation, fluids are not completely absorbed by the intestines, the digestive processes are disturbed. Waiting for the next bleeding woman worried about bloating, colic, diarrhea. Diarrhea opens and for the reason that before menstruation usually increases appetite. The body does not have time to properly process excess food, therefore, frequent visits to the toilet.
Irritable bowel syndrome, even if this was not in history, manifests itself in healthy in terms of gastroenterology women just before the onset of menstruation. The cause of IBS in this case is a reflex digestive disturbance, which is associated with several factors:
- Food (change in eating habits).
In addition to diarrhea, IBS is also manifested by other unpleasant symptoms - soreness and a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, and frequent urination.
With successful fertilization of the egg, the concentration of progesterone remains at a high level, because the hormone helps to maintain the originated life. Thus, loose stools before menstruation may be a sign of pregnancy, but physiological bleeding does not begin. Upset defecation worries the expectant mother to 10 days.
Diarrhea before menstruation: treatment and prevention
Intestinal infections and diseases of the digestive tract are treated in a hospital, since long-term diarrhea removes moisture from the body, which is fraught with dehydration. Чтобы своевременно предотвратить развитие этого опасного состояния, пациентка должна находиться под наблюдением медиков.
Если эпизод диареи был разовый, можно обойтись без лечения. Принимать препараты нежелательно, иначе вместо скрепляющего эффекта они спровоцируют учащение жидкой дефекации. To restore the digestive tract functions, if diarrhea bothers before menstruation, a diet will help a woman:
- Mucous porridges (a lot of gluten releases rice).
- Baking wholemeal flour.
- Drink plenty of water.
Dairy products, carbonated drinks, all fatty, smoked, spicy and fried are excluded from the diet. Refuse products that provoke flatulence - this is legumes, mushrooms, radishes, cabbage, onions. Eat often and in small portions. To quench severe abdominal pain, take No-shpu.
Diet adjusts the work of the intestine in 1 - 2 days. Light food improves health and helps to lose a few pounds.
To maintain the health of the intestine, it is helpful to eat baked pears, drink pear broths, berry fruit drinks, fruit drinks, alkaline mineral water. Preparations against diarrhea are taken in consultation with the doctor. For this situation, suitable activated carbon, Mezim, Pancreatin, Creon. From folk remedies use decoctions of chamomile, St. John's wort, oak bark, yarrow.
Prevention of diarrhea before menstruation is simple. It is recommended to eat in small portions in order not to overload the stomach, and to strengthen the drinking regime. Food that promotes gas formation, it is better to remove from the diet. Physical and mental stress should be reduced.
P.S. Knowing whether diarrhea can be before menstruation and knowing how to stop this unpleasant symptom, you can control the situation and take timely action if the stool on the threshold of critical days has lost its normal consistency.
In most cases, diarrhea goes away on its own and does not pose a health hazard. If you suspect food poisoning, we recommend that you consult a doctor and take tests to clarify the diagnosis.
The mechanism of occurrence of functional diarrhea
Menstrual diarrhea is a subject of interest for many clinical researchers who want to understand the place and role of the female sex hormones, progesterone and estrogen, in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
The occurrence of intestinal disorders during the onset of critical days is considered to be very common and occurs in a third of women of fertile age.
There are a number of reasons why diarrhea can occur during menstruation:
- Changes in the level of major hormones, in particular the increase in prostaglandins. As a result, the tone of smooth muscle cells that are part of the intestinal organ wall increases, which leads to an acceleration of the movement of feces to the rectum.
- The entry of large amounts of blood into the reproductive organs during menstruation, resulting in increased muscle tone of the uterus, which is adjacent to the rectum, affecting its motility.
- General increase in metabolism, leading to accelerated formation of feces.
- Hyperfunction of the reflex regulation of the vagus nerve. It is manifested by a decrease in blood pressure, increased perspiration, chills of the fingers of the extremities, as well as an accelerated bowel movement, which leads to the appearance of loose stools.
- Changing taste preferences. Some women begin to use foods or their combinations that can cause dysfunction of the digestive system.
It is important to remember that a minor intestinal disorder may even be beneficial. Together with the liquid stool, slags are removed from the body, that is, a kind of purification takes place. Respectively, if diarrhea is not severe and lasts 2–3 days, then the reasons for its occurrence are physiological. Therefore, this manifestation does not require treatment.
How is this related to menstruation
Diarrhea during menstruation - the result of physiological processes occurring in the female body during menstruation. During this period, if the fertilization of the egg does not occur, it is rejected along with the functional layer of the uterus - the endometrium.
You can find out more about the structure of the endometrium in a separate article on our website.
To facilitate the evacuation of gametes and endometrial particles in the uterus micro-contractions occur, which can also be transmitted to the rectum, because the organs in the pelvis are practically adjacent to each other.
Diarrhea in menstruation can also be due to the fact that the changes in the female body during the menstrual cycle require good nutrition for the reproductive organs. This is reflected in the increased blood filling of the pelvic organs. In this regard, the uterus increases in volume, there is their physiological edema. The enlarged uterus begins to exert pressure on the rectal wall, irritating it and provoking emptying.
Answering the question why diarrhea occurs before menstruation, you should pay attention to the factors related to the hormonal background of a woman on critical days. During the period under review, the levels of estrogen, progesterone and prostaglandins increase. And if the first of them is responsible for the rejection of the functional uterine layer, then progesterone is responsible for increasing the size of the uterus and relaxing its muscles. This leads to a mechanical effect on the rectum, which is intensified by prostaglandins, irritating the muscular wall of the intestine itself, which leads to the urge to defecate.
In addition, prostaglandins, as mediators of pain, are responsible for the fact that on the eve or on the first day of menstruation a pain syndrome develops in the groin area of the abdomen.
Despite the discomfort, there is no need to worry about diarrhea caused by these reasons. A closer look at your body follows if diarrhea is accompanied by nausea or does not go away after the end of the menstruation period.
Need to take action
Diarrhea during menstruation is perfectly normal. Many women suffer from this manifestation of critical days. This unpleasant symptom can be managed without the help of medicines. To alleviate the condition and help other ways.
Treatment of diarrhea involves adjusting the diet. In the food you need to eat foods that have a bonding effect, normalizing the digestive process. These include:
- Black tea,
- rich broth,
- dishes of buckwheat and rice groats,
- natural granular curd,
- homemade crackers.
Also during the period of menstruation it is not recommended to conduct experiments with food. On the contrary, it is necessary to reduce the volume of a normal portion by 20–30%, drink more mineral water (non-carbonated), eat 5–6 times a day, but in small portions.
If you are bothered by cramps, but you are sure that they are not caused by pathological causes, you can take painkillers with an antispasmodic effect (No-spa, Drotaverine). Remember that remedies like Loperamide and Imodium only deal with symptoms, not the root cause, so their use is justified only when absolutely necessary.
When diarrhea is considered pathological
Diarrhea during menstruation is not considered dangerous. However, if it lasts more than three days, it is worthwhile to start worrying, especially if the symptom does not go away on its own with the completion of the menstruation.
The following signs may indicate that diarrhea is not of a physiological nature, but is a consequence of intestinal upset:
- the appearance of pain in the gastric region, usually acute;
- symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting,
- feces of dark color, in which mucus, traces of blood and other uncharacteristic components appear,
- change the smell of feces.
These manifestations may indicate the presence of acute intestinal infection. In the event of infection, another characteristic symptom will be the development of fever.
With such symptoms, an urgent need to consult a doctor, as intestinal infections are very dangerous diseases with serious complications. As a rule, they require hospital treatment and strict anti-epidemic measures.
Diarrhea is a symptom of many diseases associated with the organs of the gastrointestinal tract and the urogenital system. These pathologies include:
- Inflammation of the small and large intestines (enteritis and colitis). These are chronic diseases, one of the manifestations of which in the acute period is diarrhea.
- Cystitis - inflammation of the bladder. Exacerbation of the disease provoke critical days. As a result, a cascade contraction of the muscles of the bladder, then the uterus, and after the rectum occurs. As a result, there are frequent cases of diarrhea.
- Endometriosis. Due to the proliferation of the functional layer of the mucous membrane of the uterus, their irritating penetration into the wall of the rectum occurs. Such a pathological condition is accompanied by diarrhea and paroxysmal pain. In the feces can be detected particles of mucus and blood.
Causes of disorder
Usually, liquid stool symbolizes a violation of the intestinal microflora, an infection or problems with the digestive tract. But diarrhea with menstruation coincides with these diseases only in 5% of cases. Most often, the disorder occurs for such reasons:
- Increased progesterone concentration
- Vaginal muscle weakness
- Irritable bowel syndrome.
To treat diarrhea in menstruation as a symptom of a dangerous disease is only if the disorder lasts longer than three days. Often, diarrhea passes during the first two days of menstruation.
Clinically, it is considered to be a completely normal phenomenon that helps cleanse the body and the intestines, in particular. If diarrhea is delayed for more than three days, it is better to go to the hospital - perhaps the appearance of diarrhea simply coincided with the onset of menstruation, and speaks of the development of pathology.
The menstrual cycle is characterized by frequent changes in the level of hormones in the blood. From these changes depends on the health and mood of a woman, the onset of ovulation and the beginning of menstruation. In the second half of the menstrual cycle, a large amount of progesterone is produced. It is produced by the adrenal glands and the corpus luteum.
Progesterone provides a full preparation of the body for fertilization and future childbearing, supports the maternal organism during pregnancy. The effect of this hormone in the second half of the menstrual cycle leads to the body's need for cleaning - that is why a large number of women of childbearing age overtake diarrhea during menstruation.
This phenomenon is quite normal and speaks about the balance of the hormonal system, the readiness of the body for pregnancy. In addition, during menstruation, women often change their taste preferences. Some people feel satiety, others hunger and desire for sweets - the causes of diarrhea may be hidden in this.
Despite the fact that the following reasons are hidden for a long time and are not detected as a pathology, they should also be taken into account:
- Pain in the first days of menstruation can be so strong that they lead to loss of consciousness. In this case, muscle contractions contribute to contractions of the intestinal walls - which is why, during menstruation, diarrhea can be accompanied by pain.
- Diarrhea in the first days of menstruation, in combination with severe pain in the lower abdomen, may indicate an abnormal structure of the uterus and its bend. Any atypical form of the uterus way to cause a similar reaction. The abnormal structure of the uterus is not treated, it often passes after the first natural childbirth.
- The blood circulation of the pelvic organs increases during menstruation, which can also cause diarrhea.
Severe pains (up to loss of consciousness) are not normal, to prevent gynecological diseases, it is necessary to investigate the causes of the pain and get rid of them as soon as possible.
How to treat
Diarrhea during menstruation does not require serious solutions, if it arose only because of the special physiological processes of the female body. If diarrhea is not caused by diseases of the gastrointestinal tract or food poisoning, it is enough But-shpy - Drotaverine is also an analogue.
In addition, to get rid of the unpleasant phenomenon will help the following rules, which must be followed during menstruation:
- Try not to eat exotic, unusual food during your period - postpone the experiment for a quieter period of the cycle,
- If possible, give up fatty and fried foods, as well as products that can cause diarrhea during menstruation - apples, pickles, fatty dairy products,
- It is better to eat in small portions, but more often - this rule works not only during menstruation, but it reduces the load on the gastrointestinal tract during a difficult period for the body,
- Since diarrhea significantly dehydrates the body, you need to use more fluids - this can be not only water, but also teas, compotes, juices.
Following these simple rules, you can not only get rid of diarrhea as quickly as possible, but also lose a few extra pounds during the period of active cleansing of the body, improve health and well-being.
What to eat
Some foods help reduce discomfort during the early days of menstruation and diarrhea. Such products are designed not to overload the gastrointestinal tract, to be light and nourishing at the same time.
During diarrhea during menstruation it is recommended to use:
- Lean broth,
- Strong black tea
- Low fat cottage cheese,
- Sukharey white bread.
A few days before menstruation, it is better to avoid dried fruits, vegetable juices, apples, pickles, kefir - products that provoke fermentation processes in the intestines.
Common diarrhea factors
- hormonal changes, hormonal changes,
- progesterone prevalence
- irritation of the intestines,
- change of tone in the uterus muscle fibers and tubes,
- disorders associated with taste preferences.
In the female body once a month, egg maturation occurs. In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, an egg cell is released.
This is to ensure that the female body was ready for the next pregnancy.
At this time, the tone changes in the muscle fibers of the uterus and tubes. Moving into the uterus, the egg increases activity in the uterine tube muscles.
Since the uterus is in close proximity to the intestines, its peristalsis begins to rise.
At the moment when the ripe egg advances, the tone increases, and there is also an increase in the motility of the motility. Received food does not move further and is delayed in the intestinal area.
In this regard, the process is disturbed in the digestion, the absorption of fluid. This process provokes diarrhea before menstruation.
Diarrhea is a reason for many women to experience signs of diarrhea.
In this situation, it is not necessary to panic, since this is a normal physiological process, and in most cases diarrhea passes in a short time, from one to three days.
During menstruation, changes in the amount of progesterone occur in the female body. At this time, women change their taste habits, they can eat products that until this time could simply not tolerate.
Due to the changes (and often the diet), the female body begins to “rebel” in the usual menu and expresses this through diarrhea and bloating.
Before menstruation the uterus increases in size, it is in a state of contraction. It presses against the walls in the rectum. Causes of pain, frequent bowel movements may be due to this symptom.
Painful sensations at this time remind something menstrual. The pain in the lower abdomen is going, it can be given.
Stool may be constipated. Its appearance may be in the morning after eating.
Diarrhea provokes frequent urges, but after defecation, the woman feels that her intestines are not completely free. There is a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, bloating.
After two weeks after the first day of menstruation, the egg is released from the follicle. If fertilization occurs, then a high level of progesterone concentration is maintained in the body.
Due to this, pregnancy remains. Loose stools before the start of the expected menstruation may indicate pregnancy.
During this period, the woman has frequent urge to urinate, bouts of vomiting or nausea. Diarrhea can be more than a week. Sometimes fever rises.
In this situation, you should seek help from a specialist. He will advise how to treat loose stools during menstruation.
Quite often, before menstruation, diseases associated with the gastrointestinal tract may be exacerbated. Pancreatitis, gastritis, and diarrhea may turn into constipation.
The main reasons contributing to the appearance of loose stools during critical days, and disorder in the gastrointestinal tract, as noted above, are associated with hormonal imbalances. Its influence during this period can be noted on all organs.
The reasons that should be alerted. Why did diarrhea appear?
Diarrhea before menstruation can not, is a poisoning or a disease associated with the digestive tract. Although it sometimes happens.
During menstruation, the female body is more vulnerable to diseases associated with intestinal infection. Causes of diarrhea talking about problems associated with pathology in the body:
- severe abdominal pain,
- temperature rise,
- prolonged vomiting,
- стул со зловонным запахом, пенистая консистенция.
Иногда диарея перед месячными может быть связана с загибом матки. При этом заболевании происходит индивидуальная внутренняя перестройка в женском организме.
This type of pathology is not treated, but with the onset of the first birth, this pathology can pass.
Women experiencing too frequent diarrhea should adjust their menu.
Why diarrhea can occur
Diarrhea during menstruation can bring many problems for every woman. It can last before the start of critical days and last for several days.
From the above, we already know that the causes of diarrhea can occur due to changes associated with hormonal levels.
But diarrhea can occur due to the use of certain products: plums, apples, cherry plums, some compotes and dried fruits.
Be sure to follow up what products could have caused you to have gas, spasms in the intestines, a feeling of heaviness, the urge to be emptied.
With persistent and pronounced digestive disorders during menstruation, it is imperative that you consult with your doctor.
If diarrhea before the onset of menstruation does not cause severe discomfort, you can try to alleviate some of the symptoms. To do this, you need to try to remove fatty and fried foods from the menu before your monthly (several days).
You should not eat fatty and rich broths, fatty pork or fish. When eating foods high in fat, intestinal motility increases, this can be the cause of diarrhea.
During this period it will be useful to use stewed vegetables, porridges on water, preferably with less salt. Eliminate spicy seasonings. Eat more vegetables and fruits.
To fix the chair, boil rice porridge, thanks to the gluten-free diarrhea that has begun to stop (the main thing is not to overdo it).
In order for the stomach to subside, exclude the following foods:
- turnip radish
- all leguminous crops
- cereals (except rice),
- milk and products from it
To make it easier, bake pears in the oven or brew a decoction for yourself. Drink during this period alkaline mineral water, plain water without gas.
It is necessary to drink from one and a half to two liters per day. Try to go on a fractional power.
If your period is not associated with a disease in the digestive tract, try:
- During menstruation, avoid a condition associated with depression, stress, and other emotional experiences.
- In order to feel good in the period of menstruation
exclude the use of alcoholic beverages, fatty, smoked and spicy foods.
- Useful for monthly massages of a delicate nature and light physical exercises.
- Before taking medication in case of pain during menstruation or bloating and diarrhea, be sure to consult a doctor where you can find out why you have these symptoms.
The flow of menstruation is a physiological phenomenon. During this period, the stomach may ache, be attacks of nausea and vomiting, diarrhea. All these symptoms are acceptable at this time, can be considered the norm for women.
It is necessary to consider that these signs can appear only on a cycle and after the monthly ended they stop.
If a woman is present: nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, but menstruation does not come, you should think about what reasons could cause ailments and consult a doctor about this.
Why these symptoms appeared before menstruation:
- The development of pregnancy. Tip: use the dough.
- Possible abortion.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Attacks of gastritis, peptic ulcer, pancreatitis.
In any case, to exclude or have time to stop the causes of the disease do not delay the time, contact a specialist for help.
Dilution of the stool and an increase in the urge to defecate appear a few days before menstruation. Malaise may be accompanied by a pulling pain in the lower abdomen and back, sharp colic in the side, a feeling of bloating. Not all women know why diarrhea begins before menstruation and how digestive disorders can threaten. Therefore, it is advisable to clarify the cause of intestinal malaise and determine in advance the treatment.
Diarrhea before menstruation may not be all. Moreover, loose stools during the ICP period are quite rare in the presence of concomitant factors.
Experts identify several causes of diarrhea in the premenstrual period:
- Hormonal fluctuations. Hormone progesterone helps to relax the smooth muscles of the uterus. Since the intestinal walls are also composed of smooth muscles, the tone of the intestinal tract is disturbed, there is a relaxation of the chair.
- Power failure. In the premenstrual period, women often want something unusual: chocolate in large quantities, pickled cucumbers, herring with cake or watermelon. Due to unusual food, the stomach is puffy, colic appears in the side, diarrhea. There are also problems with digestion due to overeating, which leads to intestinal upset.
- Edemas. Most often, with PMS, legs swell up, such changes occur in women suffering from obesity or kidney disease. Due to the delay of sodium in the tissues and the digestive process is disturbed, diarrhea occurs.
- Emotional condition. A slight change in the emotional background almost always accompanies critical days. If during this period the woman is nervous more than usual, is subjected to stressful situations, the likelihood of diarrhea increases.
- Features of physiology. In the first days of menstruation and just before the onset of menstruation, blood flows strongly to the genitals. This increases the blood supply not only of the uterus and ovaries, but also of nearby organs. This leads to the fact that the activity of the intestine increases, the stools become more frequent.
It should be borne in mind that diarrhea can be provoked by an intestinal infection or other pathologies. The excessively liquid stool consistency, the presence of blood and mucus in the feces indicates the development of the disease. If the condition worsens, it is better to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
Diarrhea on a background of delayed menses
Not only immediately before menstruation may diarrhea appear. Digestive upset is also noted with delayed menstruation. The feces at the same time have a pasty consistency, the urge to defecate appear from three to six times a day.
Causes of diarrhea simultaneously with delayed menstruation may be as follows:
- Inflammatory processes in the urogenital system.
- Fungal diseases of the genital organs, thrush.
- Disruption of hormone production.
- Overdose of contraceptives.
- Kidney disease.
- Intestinal infections.
May cause a delay of critical days and the occurrence of diarrhea and infectious diseases during this period. Increased body temperature, lower abdominal pain, discomfort during urination indicate damage to the pelvic organs.
If a girl does not know for sure whether diarrhea can be a sign of the upcoming menstrual periods, then it is permissible to assume that the dilution of the stool is triggered by pregnancy. Other symptoms may also appear:
- Enlarged mammary glands.
- Increased appetite.
- Morning nausea, vomiting.
- Frequent urination.
- Odor intolerance.
That is, in fact, indigestion during pregnancy can be similar to the same condition that a woman has with PMS. If the delay of menstruation persists for a long period of time, more than a week, it is better to do a pregnancy test or visit a gynecologist.
If the monthly cycle is violated, progesterone production decreases, but the risk of edema remains. To the physiological state in anticipation of critical days, nervous tension can be added, the experience that the absence of menstruation is a sign of pregnancy or of any disease. The combination of these factors often leads to the development of diarrhea.
What to do and what tests to pass
In some cases, digestion returns to normal already on the first day of menstruation, but sometimes women suffer from a thinning of the stool for a long period. If you regularly have diarrhea before menstruation, this condition causes significant discomfort, it is best to visit a doctor.
To establish whether the illness is not related to menstruation, you should be examined:
- Take a urine test.
- Donate blood to hCG in order to exclude a possible pregnancy.
- To hand over feces for coprogram.
- Make an ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
- Undergo radiography or CT scan of the abdominal cavity.
Be sure to contact your gynecologist and pass an examination on a gynecological chair.
If pregnancy is confirmed by a test or test, and diarrhea persists, the woman should carefully monitor her condition.
It is urgent to seek medical help if:
- When diarrhea feces watery, abundant, defecation occurs more often 6 times a day.
- Blood appeared in feces, mucus.
- The body temperature rises, the thermometer shows above 38ºC.
- A rash appeared on the body.
- Severe stomach pain in any area.
- Dizzy and aching head, dry mouth, heart pounding.
Important! Do not postpone the visit to the therapist, if the liquid stool persists after the end of menstruation.
Ways to normalize the state
No one knows how to treat diarrhea, better than a doctor. Therefore, the selection of protivopolozhnyh drugs should be coordinated with a specialist who recommends drugs, based on the diagnosis.
A gastroenterologist may recommend taking:
- Sorbents. Drugs in this group contribute to the removal of intoxication, which often appears during edema, malnutrition, overeating. Well helps with diarrhea before menstruation Smekta, Enterosgel, Polisorb.
- Antispasmodics and pain medications. No-spa, Papaverine, Drotaverin help relieve spasms of smooth muscles, not only relieving stomach pain, but also reducing the number of urges to defecate.
- Enterobiotics. Bifidobacteria and lactobacilli contained in Linex, Bifiform and other probiotics will help stabilize the balance of intestinal microflora, restore normal stool.
Women, often suffering from liquid stool before menstruation, should carefully monitor the water-electrolyte balance in the body. Dehydration is the most dangerous complication that diarrhea causes. To avoid it, you need to drink jelly, compotes of dried blueberries, pear fruits, as well as take pharmaceutical rehydration solutions: Gastrolit, Regidron, Normogidron.
Patients prone to nervous experiences are advised to take sedatives. You can also drink chamomile tea, a decoction of mint leaves, lemon balm. These drinks have a calming effect and help restore the normal digestive process.
Regular medical examination allows you to identify diseases in the early stages. Therefore, if you often have diarrhea before menstruation, you do not need to postpone the visit to the doctor for a long time.
It is necessary to follow the menstrual cycle, immediately before the critical days avoiding nervous shocks, stress. To avoid unwanted pregnancy, it is better to choose with the help of a gynecologist such contraceptives that will not affect the digestive system.
If the cause of diarrhea is a change in food addiction, the woman should reconsider her diet. During the critical days do not get involved in sweets, pastries, marinades. You need to eat balanced, eating fresh vegetables and fruits, cereals, dairy products, meat and fish in moderation. It is better to refuse products provoking increased gas formation (sauerkraut, beans, peas, fresh rye bread).
The causes of diarrhea in menstruation and the disorder that occurs instead are completely different. If in the first case we are talking only about preparation for conception, then it is quite likely that conception has already taken place and the body is preparing for a full-fledged bearing of the fetus.
Diarrhea may be accompanied by other symptoms:
- Frequent urination,
All these symptoms can be confirmed only by a pregnancy test. If the delay is accompanied by these phenomena, the probability of pregnancy is very high. This is a typical picture of the preparation of the body for normal childbearing, self-cleaning for comfortable development.
Diarrhea can linger for up to two weeks, and you should definitely drink plenty of fluids. There should be no pain. You can also remove spasm Drotaverinum or No-spaa, otherwise you should consult with your doctor, who will give individual recommendations depending on the duration and course of pregnancy.
Diarrhea and vomiting during menstruation
Some women experience this unhappy combination for every menstrual period, because vomiting with diarrhea for them is a familiar phenomenon and does not signify anything dangerous.
If one thing has been observed before, and now vomiting and diarrhea have begun with the beginning of menstruation together, you should immediately seek help, as these symptoms may indicate food poisoning and an intestinal infection. Such a combination is especially dangerous if it does not stop during the day. It is advisable not to use any drugs, as they can interfere with making a correct diagnosis and aggravate the condition, even if they helped before.
Causes and symptoms
The menstrual cycle consists of two phases, during which there is a regular restructuring of the hormonal background. In the first phase of the cycle, estrogens are secreted, and in the second, progesterone predominates in the body.
The main causes of gastrointestinal symptoms are caused by hormonal imbalance. Fluctuation of hormone levels is displayed on all organs and systems, and on the part of the gastrointestinal tract most often diarrhea and bloating occur.
Common factors of diarrhea before menstruation are:
- hormonal imbalance
- increased progesterone concentration
- irritable bowel syndrome,
- fluctuations in the tone of the uterus,
- reflex disorders of the digestive system.
The second phase of the monthly cycle is the release of the egg and the preparation of the woman's body for future pregnancy. At this time, the tone of the muscles of the uterus and tubes changes, the muscles of the vagina relax.
As the egg moves into the uterus, the uterine and tubal muscles tone increases. Due to the fact that the uterus is closely located to the intestines, the peristalsis of the latter reflexively increases.
Food is delayed less, digestion is slightly disturbed, the liquid does not have time to be completely absorbed. As a result, before menstruation and during menstruation, diarrhea and bloating may disturb.
Fluctuation of the level of sex hormones is displayed on the state of the gastrointestinal tract due to an increase in the concentration of progesterone in the second half of the cycle. Regular cyclical changes in the background of sex hormones in some women alter appetite, which contributes to diarrhea.
Taste preferences often change, during this period many women prefer those foods that they usually rarely eat. The digestive system may not have time to adapt to different nutrition. Discomfort appears, the abdomen begins to swell, and loose stools appear.
Before the onset of menstruation, irritable bowel syndrome often occurs, which is a reflex digestive disorder. This condition develops without obvious bowel disease, and its causes are due to the following factors:
- change the established routine of nutrition.
Irritable bowel syndrome makes you aware of a variety of discomfort symptoms. There is pain in the lower abdomen, pain may shift towards the navel, diarrhea alternated with constipation. Loose stools usually occur in the morning or after eating at the beginning of the day.
Diarrhea causes frequent urges, although there remains a feeling of incomplete release of the intestines. Digestive disorders manifested by a feeling of heaviness in the stomach, worried about his bloating.
The egg cell is released from the follicle, usually two weeks after the first day of menstruation. In case of successful fertilization, a high concentration of progesterone is maintained, because it ensures the preservation of pregnancy. Therefore, diarrhea before the expected menstruation can be a sign of pregnancy, and the planned periods will not occur.
In this case, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can also last for up to 10 days. Often there is a slight rise in temperature.
If the woman along with diarrhea is worried about obvious indisposition, diarrhea is noted for a long time, marked digestive disorders are noted, it is impossible to delay with the doctor’s examination. Perhaps diarrhea is not associated with menstruation and is a serious illness.
In the case of temporary diarrhea before each month, the discomfort from which is not significant, you can try to prevent it or alleviate the symptoms of intestinal disorders. You need to choose the right diet, which normalizes stools. A few days before the onset of menstruation should be excluded from the diet fatty meals. It is undesirable to eat broth from pork, fatty fish. High-fat foods increase intestinal motility and increase diarrhea.
Nutritionists advise eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Во время приготовления блюд желательно уменьшить количество соли и острых приправ.Rice porridge contains a large amount of gluten, therefore it has a fixing effect.
It is necessary to refrain from products that provoke bloating:
Bread and all cereals, except rice, carbonated drinks, milk and dairy products also contribute to flatulence.
Relief of the state contribute to any pear dishes: baked in the oven, a decoction of pears. It is advisable to drink alkaline mineral water (Borjomi, Polyana Kvasova), fruit drinks, fruit drinks. To reduce diarrhea, it is necessary to include jelly in the diet.
Prevention of diarrhea before menstruation will serve the correct diet: it is much more useful to eat more often, but in small portions, and also drink more fluids. If menstruation is accompanied by abdominal discomfort, various types of drugs and herbal medicine are used.
Before you apply the medication, you should consult with your doctor, and not to self-medicate. Only the doctor knows what to do in this case. This is especially important because diarrhea can be one of the signs of pregnancy.
For the treatment of diarrhea, activated charcoal, medicinal enzymes (Creon, Mezim, Pancreatin) are used. To remove reflex causes, antispasmodics (No-spa) are used. Well help strong broths of oak bark, grass of Hypericum, yarrow, chamomile flowers.