Scanty periods in medicine are called hypomenorrhea. The disease is manifested in impaired menstrual function, as a result of which a woman produces a small amount of blood mucus during menstruation. Such a deviation in the menstrual cycle is caused by a violation of the functionality of the ovaries, which can be caused by the presence of various diseases or the influence of external factors on the female body.
With delayed menstruation, periods can be quite scarce. This phenomenon is more often observed in the development of genital tissues in insufficient quantities (especially if this type of development is accompanied by ovarian failure). In addition, scanty periods can also be caused by the inferiority of the uterine mucous membrane, which can occur as a result of inflammatory processes.
When the menstrual cycle comes to an end, the upper layer of the endometrium begins to be torn away in the uterine cavity, resulting in monthly bleeding from the vagina. Such secretions are a mixture of the mucous membrane rejected by the uterus, vaginal secretions, and cervical mucus. Ideally, the monthly pass without pain or with a feeling of mild discomfort. Blood discharge during normal woman's health should last from three to five days with an interval of 21-35 days. The amount lost during menstruation should be about 50-150 milliliters, but not less. When menstrual function is impaired, then the reasons for this may be very different.
The weakening of menstruation can be manifested by an unusual condition and scanty periods, which are less than fifty milliliters, are no exception. Hypomenorrhea is accompanied by oligomenorrhea (a phenomenon when the duration of menstruation is reduced). These two phenomena are often found together, having a negative impact on the course of a woman’s menstrual cycle and often resulting from the occurrence of amenorrhea — a more rare menstruation or its absence.
Poor monthly primary can occur in adolescents who are prone to congenital anomalies of the reproductive system. In such cases, scanty periods can be accompanied by a delay in general or only sexual development. With secondary syndrome for scanty menstruation, a sharp decrease in the duration, volume and frequency of menstruation, which previously passed absolutely normal, is characteristic, and no disruptions in the menstrual cycle were observed.
The reasons for the occurrence of scanty periods can be many, and they all have a different character. The most common causes affecting the menstrual cycle are contraceptives, as well as means for maintaining pregnancy. If scanty periods are observed for several cycles, then this can be caused by dysfunction of the thyroid gland. By the way, such violations in the work of this body can cause a complete cessation of menstruation.
Blood discharge during menstruation in a small amount may be caused by obesity. This is explained by the fact that fat accumulates estrogen - a female sexual hubbub, which in excess has a negative effect on the entire body of a woman. Many “bbws” ask themselves the question: “Why do I have such meager periods?”. The answer is simple - non-abundant discharge during menstruation caused by obesity. The same applies to too thin representatives of the beautiful part of humanity. Because with a lack of weight in the body there is not enough iron. This also applies to those women who are accustomed to eat the wrong diet. If such violations in the life of women are present, then instead of the normal monthly may appear just brown discharge in small quantities. As a rule, such discharge is bloody and not abundant. This symptom is a "beacon" for an urgent visit to the gynecologist.
Changes in the structure of the uterine mucosa can also lead to the appearance of scanty periods. This phenomenon can be caused by various factors, one of which is tuberculosis. Also, scant bleeding during menstruation may appear after abortions in the early stages (scraping or brushing). This is due to intervention inside the uterus, which leads to its injury. If there is a violation of the production of any hormones in the female body, the blood circulation in the uterus may change, resulting in the appearance of scanty periods.
Poor discharge instead of normal periods can also result from:
- depletion of the body
- metabolic disorders
- lack of vitamins in food,
- various stresses and emotional overloads,
- abnormalities in the development of genital organs,
- breastfeeding patterns,
- contraceptive use
- infectious diseases and many other factors.
If scanty periods appeared during pregnancy, it is important to know that such secretions are very dangerous for the fetus, because they indicate a premature detachment of the placenta and are a threat to terminate the pregnancy. When these symptoms appear, an urgent hospitalization of the woman is required. In this mode, the doctor prescribes special medications to help restore hormone balance and maintain pregnancy. In most cases, for the normalization of menstruation with scant menstrual periods, several effective drugs are prescribed, which, in combination, have a positive effect on the female body and return to normal the state of the pregnant woman. After taking duphaston, scanty periods disappear during the first week of treatment, and with the use of a postinor, treatment takes a little longer.
An important reason for the appearance of scanty periods is a dysfunction of the pituitary or ovaries, which regulate the course of the menstrual cycle. In addition to the above, it is worth considering the fact that when dark scanty menstrual periods or monthly brownish appear, it is worthwhile to consult a doctor, since these symptoms signal the occurrence of serious disorders in the woman's body.
Scanty periods can be indicated by various symptoms, which in some cases can be pronounced. Such secretions can manifest as drops, and sometimes they can leave slightly noticeable marks on underwear. The color of this type of discharge ranges from light brown to very dark. If monthly periods are not sufficiently abundant, then their duration may be significantly reduced while maintaining a regular menstrual cycle.
Scanty periods do not affect the well-being of women, they do not interfere with the usual processes, but sometimes painful contractions can occur, which is the result of uterine contraction. In addition to such cramping sensations, a headache, chest pain may occur. Also, with this phenomenon, nausea, a change in stool character, and in some cases there are even nosebleeds. With a long duration of a scanty period, a woman’s sexual desire can significantly decrease and increase the risk to infertility. The result of such changes in the body is a decrease in the level of the female hormone - estrogen.
Often there are cases when a woman has scant menstruation, she has a delayed menstruation, and after the appearance of pain. When such periods have manifested themselves during puberty or its decline, then scanty periods are the result of hormonal changes in the body and they do not need to be taken as a pathological symptom. But if in the phase of reproduction scanty periods appeared along with blood clots, then this is the first sign of quite serious problems with the sexual system of the body. Therefore, in any case, when the first scanty menses appear, it is necessary to consult a doctor who will prescribe the necessary tests, conduct a thorough examination to establish the cause of such strange menstruation and prescribe adequate treatment for this type of disease.
In order to prescribe the correct treatment of scanty periods, a thorough diagnosis and examination of the patient must be carried out. After all, if the reasons that have affected the occurrence of such a flow of menstruation are different, then the treatment will be unequal. For example, when scanty periods appeared due to eating disorders, the treatment would be slightly different than in the case of disturbed physical activity or balance of mental and emotional state. Only after all examinations and analyzes can the patient be prescribed a vitamin complex, hormonal preparations, and various antimicrobial agents.
If scanty periods have appeared after childbirth, during lactation and during menopause, this phenomenon does not require special attention and you shouldn’t treat the cause of such secretions - everything will go away by itself. Sometimes, after unprotected sex, menstruation may be delayed, which will be similar to pregnancy. But after a negative pregnancy test, it can be clearly stated that the inflammatory process has begun in the female body, the result of which can be scanty periods. In general, a one-time phenomenon of non-abundant menstruation is normal, but when such scanty discharge began to manifest itself frequently or permanently, this is already a sign of the improper functioning of the body and a reason to consult a doctor.
The frequent occurrences of scanty menstrual periods indicate certain diseases, in the presence of which it is necessary to treat not the result but the cause of the disease. But in addition to measures aimed at the problem, you also need to fully strengthen your body. But such a phenomenon as scanty periods can be cured not only with the help of drugs. The following treatments can help in this situation:
- Acupressure method. To implement this method, it is necessary to carry out regular massage with circular movements of a point on the tip of the big toe. It helps to strengthen the mucous membrane of the uterus, as well as stabilize the menstrual cycle.
- Aromatherapy oils. Helps stimulate the release of sex hormones. It is necessary to use juniper and marjoram oil.
- Contact with yellow color. Yellow clothes, as well as yellow food products contribute to a better blood supply and strengthen the mucous membrane of the female genital organs.
- Hot foot baths. 8 days before the start of the expected menstruation, it is necessary to take hot baths for the feet, which strengthen the menstruation, and also stimulate the body.
Treatment of folk remedies
Scanty periods, which are brown and last for a long time, can be treated with various folk remedies:
- if the menstruation stopped, then to restore them, you can take onion decoction every morning before eating. For this broth, you need to take two kilograms of peeled onions and pour three liters of boiling water,
- to restore the menstrual cycle and restore menstruation you need to drink a decoction of the leaves of the stone
- for painful and irregular menstruation, take an infusion from the root of the elecampane, for the preparation of which you need to pour a teaspoon of the root with a glass of boiling water and boil on low heat for fifteen minutes. Then give the broth to infuse for 4 hours. Drink the infusion is necessary 3-4 times a day, one tablespoon,
- with a scanty monthly or complete absence of menstruation, drink an infusion from the inflorescence of tansy. In order to prepare the infusion, you need to take a tablespoon of inflorescence and pour a liter of boiling water. Insist at least two hours. You need to drink the infusion on an empty stomach, but not more than twice a day,
- during the night insist two tablespoons of flowers and leaves of calendula, filled with a liter of hot water. Drink the infusion instead of tea three times a day for a glass,
- scanty periods pass from the reception of such a decoction: mix the leaves of the rue and golden whiskers with the parsley seeds and boil for ten minutes. It is necessary to drink broth during the day, but the amount of liquid eaten from herbs should not exceed 200 milliliters,
- when manifesting scanty periods, you need to take a golden mustache, tangut root rhubarb, grass of the tripartite chain, fruits of red rowan, caraway seeds in equal proportions, mix and pour 350 milliliters of water. Put in a boiling water bath for half an hour and insist one hour. Drink three tablespoons three to four times a day, every 2 hours after meals.
For the prevention of hypomenorrhea, you should try to stay in the fresh air as much as possible, move more, but do not overdo it, because excessive exercise can lead to disruption of the menstrual cycle and cause the appearance of scanty menstruation ahead of time, and sometimes the complete absence of menstruation.
Stress has a large negative impact not only on the state of the female genital organs, but also on the state of the body as a whole. This is due to hormonal disorders that negatively affect the menstrual cycle. By the way! You should not use homeopathic remedies in parallel with essential oils, because together they can cause irreparable harm, although individually each of the drugs is quite useful.
Abundant monthly causes
Abundant periods with clots can be normal, if it is a feature of the body and it does not cause discomfort to the woman and does not cause deterioration of her health, but most often it is a gross violation of the urinary or reproductive system:
1. Postponed abortions or miscarriages
After a woman has survived an abortion, a hormone hormone failure occurs in her body. The body was preparing for motherhood and at one point everything changed dramatically. After such stress, the body recovers from a few months to a year and there is a very high probability of failures in the menstrual cycle, which are accompanied by clots, large blood loss and severe pain. Abundant periods with clots should be treated after abortions or miscarriages, for this you need to seek help from specialists. An experienced doctor will prescribe treatment and will normalize the menstrual cycle.
2. Lack of vitamins and microelements responsible for blood clotting
Lack of vitamins can be for various reasons: a woman can be on a rigid diet, eat poorly or this is a seasonal lack of vitamins. In any case, it is important to take vitamins, if the state of health worsens, because it not only affects the menstruation.
The main symptoms, when there are very heavy periods due to the lack of micro and macronutrients and vitamins, are the absence of clots and excessive secretions that accompany a woman for more than 3 days.
3. Love for dairy products
Fermented milk products include enzymes that reduce blood clotting. Due to excessive consumption of fermented milk products, the probability of heavy periods is high, but not every organism falls under this criterion.
4. Oncological diseases and neoplasm in the reproductive system
This is the reason why heavy periods are present in the menstrual cycle, the most dangerous for a woman’s life. But tumors and neoplasms can be determined in time, both by visiting the doctor and at home. The main thing is to closely monitor the slightest changes in the body. An increase in body temperature, lower abdominal pain, discharge not during menstruation, an increase in the volume of the abdomen suggests that a tumor may be present. But in order not to engage in self-diagnosing diseases, it is necessary to visit a gynecologist, a mamologist, and undergo an ultrasound of the uterus, ovaries and appendages once a year. If the disease is diagnosed, then you should not hope that the disease will pass by itself. The reproductive system and the mammary glands in women are very susceptible to oncology and the statistics is implacable, therefore, women's health must be treated with special care.
5. Disruption of hormonal balance
Abundant menstruation with clots, when the causes of hormonal failure are already considered to be secondary effects of disorders. The endocrine gland can fail due to reasons for taking medications or pathological conditions.
With hormonal disruptions, other symptoms appear besides heavy periods with clots:
- Excessive sweating
- Change in body weight (most often a woman gains excess weight)
- Mood swings from gaiety to depression in a very short time,
- Libido decreases,
- Abundant hair fall out.
If the above problems are also observed with the symptoms of heavy menstruation, then you need to visit an endocrinologist in addition to the gynecologist.
For prevention, you can use traditional means of normalizing the menstrual cycle, if the failure is not associated with tumors or other diseases:
- Tea with viburnum
Kalina normalizes blood flow and is considered a source of many vitamins and macronutrients.
- Orange rind with honey
For the prevention of heavy monthly take peel with a few oranges and rub it with honey. Горьковато-сладкую смесь употребляют по половины чайной ложки два раза в день.
- Семена петрушки
Пучок семян петрушки заливают стаканом кипятка и принимают по полстакана 2 раза в день.
All these methods of traditional medicine is better to first agree with the doctor in order to avoid stress on the gastrointestinal tract, urinary system. After all, every treatment has a positive and negative effect.
What volume of discharge is considered normal
During menstruation, the upper layer of the endometrium detaches, and it leaves naturally through the vagina. Since these tissues are penetrated by blood vessels, bleeding during their breakage is observed. This process is called menstruation. Normally, it lasts from three to five days and is accompanied by secretions, the volume of which is from 50 to 150 ml. If little blood is released, the volume does not exceed 50 ml, then it is scanty discharge.
There are periods of development of the female body when a small amount of discharge is considered normal, for example, during the formation of the menstrual cycle or at the onset of menopause. But if a woman is faced with the problem of poor menstruation during the reproductive period (15–50 years), then she may be indicative of serious diseases in the body.
When the first symptoms of menstrual disorders occur, a woman should consult a gynecologist. The first task of a specialist is to find out the reasons why the menstruation is poor, and then prescribe an adequate treatment. If you do not pay attention to the scanty discharge, then you can skip the progression of serious diseases, such as:
- ovarian dysfunction,
- thyroid dysfunction,
- malignant neoplasms.
Against the background of these diseases, infertility develops, metabolic processes that lead to obesity are disturbed.
Scanty menstruation in medicine is called hypomenorrhea. It lasts, like normal menstruation - 3-5 days, but the period can be reduced to 3 days, and increase, then the monthly does not stop until 7-9 days. In this case, the woman notices that the discharge is not abundant, but drip or spotting, of a dark brown color. If there is a very unpleasant smell, then the hypomenorrhea is accompanied by an inflammatory process that may occur, for example, after surgical interventions.
Symptoms of poor monthly
In addition to a small amount of blood during menstruation, the following symptoms may indicate hypomenorrhea:
- pulling pain in the lower abdomen,
- lower back pain
- infrequent but severe abdominal cramps,
- drowsiness, irritability, frequent mood swings.
Often, hypomenorrhea is not accompanied by any pain, there are no adverse symptoms, the woman feels well, and therefore does not give due attention to scanty menstruation and does not consult a doctor.
Sometimes there are scanty periods after a delay, if this phenomenon is not frequent, for example, as a result of severe stress or climate change, then this situation is considered normal and should not cause alarm. But in the case of repeated delays, followed by a scanty discharge later, this may already be a symptom of the development of a serious disease.
Poor menstruation during and after pregnancy
A situation where menstruation is low may occur during pregnancy. After fertilization, the egg cell requires several days for implantation, the body has not yet been reconstructed, hormones are not produced in the required amount - at this time there may be slight bleeding.
Some women have persistent menstrual flow during the first three to four months of pregnancy. This is due to a sharp decrease in estrogen production or the simultaneous maturation of two eggs. If the discharge is not scarlet and are not accompanied by heavy bleeding, then there is no threat of premature termination of pregnancy. Otherwise, an urgent need to consult a doctor, since bleeding may indicate placental abruption.
Very often, poor monthly after childbirth can occur. During breastfeeding, the female body produces a large amount of the hormone prolactin, which prevents the maturation of the egg and ovulation. Therefore, during lactation, menstruation is absent, and upon termination, it can resume and proceed with scanty discharge. During the first months, after renewal, the cycle should recover. If this does not happen, then you should find out the reasons for scanty periods, perhaps this:
- the effects of birth injuries
- the result of inflammatory processes
- damage to the inner layer of the uterus,
- hormonal imbalance.
Whatever the reason, the doctor must promptly identify it and prescribe a counseling treatment.
The development of hypomenorrhea field gynecological operations
Most often there are scanty periods after curettage - this is a gynecological operation performed:
- during an abortion,
- after spontaneous miscarriage,
- in order to study the inner layer of the uterus - the epithelium for the diagnosis of various diseases,
- with a strong growth of the epithelium.
With an incorrect technique of curettage in the uterus, parts of the epithelium or the membranes of the membranes may remain - this causes an inflammatory or infectious process. The menstrual cycle after curettage should be restored within two to three months. If not abundant periods last more than three months, then you need to visit a gynecologist to examine and identify the causes. An urgent need to consult a doctor if, after the procedure of curettage, menstruation is scanty and is accompanied by:
- secretions of a very dark color that smell foul,
- temperature increase
- pain sensations
- spasms of the abdomen.
This may indicate the presence of an infectious or inflammatory process in the uterus.
Other causes of poor edema
Many overweight women wonder why their monthly discharges have become scant? This is due to the fact that estrogen accumulates in adipose tissue, and their excess leads to impaired functioning of the thyroid gland, resulting in a malfunction of the adrenal glands and the ovaries.
Hormonal imbalance changes the frequency and nature of menstruation, the discharge may become scarce, and with this will be accompanied by nausea, severe pain and cramps. In such cases, doctors prescribe hormonal treatment to normalize the work of the ovaries and thyroid gland.
Severe depletion of the body, caused by strict diets, starvation, stress and other causes, can also provoke a violation of the menstrual cycle. Discharges become non-abundant, have a light brown color, and may not be accompanied by pain. If menstruation has become scarce as a result of depletion of the body, then it is necessary to abandon strict diets, include foods rich in vitamins, fiber, protein, carbohydrates and other essential trace elements in the diet. After the recovery of the body, the menstrual cycle will also return to its normal state.
There are a number of other reasons that lead to scant menstruation:
- development of anemia,
- strong emotional stress
- excessive exercise
- harmful working conditions
- metabolic disease,
- hormonal contraceptives,
- transferred infectious diseases.
The exclusion of external factors provoking changes in the menstrual cycle, will lead to its normalization.
If a girl is diagnosed with underdevelopment of the genital organs or their various abnormalities, then her menstrual cycle may be accompanied by minor bleeding.
Treatment of scanty menstruation
Hypomenorrhea is not an independent disease - it is a consequence of various problems in a woman’s body, which can only be identified by a specialist. For scanty periods, you need to contact a gynecologist, he will conduct an examination and prescribe the necessary research:
- vaginal bakposiv,
- cytological analysis of the genital tract,
- hormone tests
- Ultrasound of the urinary organs,
- endometrial biopsy.
After all the results have been obtained, the cause of the scanty discharge will be determined and appropriate treatment prescribed. After the underlying disease is eliminated, the menstrual cycle will recover by itself.
If a woman has painless menstruation with scanty discharge, this is also a reason for going to a doctor. Only a qualified specialist will be able to determine: is it a physiological feature or a symptom of a serious disease.
For the treatment of hypomenorrhea, most often doctors use hormone therapy. If the cause of non-abundant secretions are bacterial infections of hollow organs - they are treated with appropriate antibiotics. If the doctor has detected inflammatory processes, medications are also prescribed.
There are also several popular recipes that will help with non-abundant menstrual flow:
- before eating take onion decoction, which should be prepared, pour peeled onions (2 kg) with boiling water (3 liters),
- Chopped up root (1 tsp) must be filled with water (200 ml) and boiled for 15 minutes over low heat. Then leave to infuse for 4 hours. This infusion is taken before meals for 1 tablespoon,
- Infusion of calendula is a very effective remedy for menstrual disorders. It is made from dry leaves and flowers. One tablespoon of herbs should be filled with boiling water (500 ml) and infused for 12 hours. Take the infusion three times a day, 150 ml.
- an effective remedy is tincture of leaves of rue, parsley seeds and golden whiskers. Each herb should take one tablespoon and pour 250 ml of water. Boil on low heat for 10–15 minutes, then cool and take 50 ml. The daily dose of decoction should not be more than 200 ml,
- Aromatherapy is very effective for weak menstrual flow. Marjoram and juniper oils should be used.
- One week before the onset of menstruation, hot foot baths can be made.
You are pregnant!
Probably, you at least once heard such cases when women said: “And I didn’t know that I was pregnant.” And you probably thought they were crazy. How could someone bear a child for 9 months and not guess about it?
While we cannot explain why they did not notice the baby in the stomach, some mothers remain in ignorance for a fairly simple reason, because they were taught that while they are menstruating, they cannot be pregnant. It turns out that this is not correct.
“Although most women stop menstruating after they only think about pregnancy, some still have bleeding,” says fertilization expert Janet Choi from New York. In fact, she had patients who struggled to get pregnant, drank medications, and when they found scanty periods, they only found out that they were really pregnant.
Very poor menstruation can also indicate an ectopic pregnancy, which can be very dangerous. If in doubt, take a pregnancy test.
You are too nervous
At that time, when ordinary daily irritations in the form of disputes with the husband or troubles at work are not enough for hormonal disruption, but serious life stresses, such as dying parents or trouble with children, can easily be done. Excessively intense workouts can also damage your menses due to the stress your body experiences during them.
You are taking hormonal contraceptives
One of the most common causes of weak menstrual flow is birth control pills.
Some doctors even prescribe oral contraceptives for women with severely tolerated menstruation.
If you have recently started taking birth control pills or placed an intrauterine device, and your period has become scarce and easily tolerated, then just enjoy it.
You get older
Do not worry - it does not mean that you are old!
But when the patient talks about decreasing costs for tampons, the first reason is age. - says the gynecologist Lina Akopiens.
Menopause may be around the corner (on the way), but not always. Sometimes aging changes cycles, and this is not necessarily a symptom of infertility.
You have cervical stenosis
A rare but unpleasant problem. It occurs when the cervix narrows or closes completely.
As a result of cervical stenosis, the blood is retained in the uterus or it may come out very slowly.
If you have problems with muscle spasms, despite scant menstruation, talk with your doctor.
You have uterine scars.
Most women do not have any consequences after medical procedures, but sometimes scars remain on the walls of the uterus.
If, after a cesarean section or any operation on the uterus, you have scanty menstrual flow, you may have a problem.
You need to consult a doctor to remove scar tissue.
You lost a lot of blood during or after childbirth
This is very rare.
Loss of a large amount of blood causes oxygen starvation of the body, which can result in damage to the pituitary gland.
This in turn leads to a decrease in the production of hormones that control the menstrual cycle. Most likely, hormone replacement therapy is required.
Bottom line: the presence of scanty menstrual periods that are different from normal normal discharge does not have to be alarming, but do not ignore this change. Keep track of your menstrual cycle for several months, and if it does not return to normal, then consult a gynecologist.
Early meager monthly
The girl's body is rebuilt and matures for future motherhood. Menarche is usually scanty. This is caused by the inferiority of the uterine mucosa. Such a state can drag on for up to a year. Slight discharge of mucus is possible. Longer meager discharges may indicate a congenital abnormality in the development of the urogenital system.
First meager monthly
Not abundant discharge in the reproductive period and premenopausal talk about the extinction of reproductive functions. Hormonal insufficiency and immaturity of the endometrium is evidence of why menstruation is irregular.
Inflammatory processes in the body, chronic diseases with frequent exacerbations, reduced immunity, genital tumors violate the nature of menstruation.
Scanty periods, as well as the cessation of menstruation, are observed when taking contraceptive drugs, as a result of the suppression of the production of their own hormones. This phenomenon is called "dumb menstruation."
Long period of poor monthly
Prolonged periods may be due to a violation of the blood coagulation system, malnutrition and impaired metabolism.
Lack of hormone second phase of the menstrual cycle - progesterone - leads to such a disease as endometriosis. At the same time, the cycle begins with dark smears from the genital tract for 2-3 days, and ends quite abundantly.
The thyroid gland in the human body has the function of "orchestra conductor." She directs hormones, metabolic processes and other glands. When its function is insufficient, a disorder of the production of sex hormones and a violation of reproductive ability occurs.
Scanty periods after childbirth and during lactation
There is no specific time limit for starting menstruation after childbirth. It is individual. In most cases, the cycle is restored after cessation of breastfeeding, due to the action of the hormone prolactin. With the introduction of the baby complementary foods, prolactin is produced less, and restoration of reproductive function begins. The first menstruation is not abundant, it may be with mucus. Further, the menstrual cycle comes to an initial rhythm.
Scanty discharge after curettage
When scraping the uterus, its inner mucous layer is removed. The underlying (basal) layer of the endometrium is injured. This affects not only the function of the pelvic organs, but also the hormonal background in general. Therefore, smearing scarlet, and then dark periods, the causes of which in spent scraping, for several days - this is normal. At first, most menstruation is not abundant - it takes 2-3 months to restore the structure of tissues.
The diagnosis is beyond doubt. If the monthly does not exceed the amount of a tablespoon per day or differ in thick consistency, the conclusion is obvious. This process is called “hypomenorrhea”. The main purpose of diagnosis is to determine the causes of the pathological condition.
For the diagnosis using the collection history. Find out complaints, the nature of the first menstruation, the formation of reproductive function, trauma, surgery, stress. A gynecological examination is required. The doctor detects the presence of tumors.
Ultrasound diagnostics of the pelvic organs is shown, when special attention is paid to the state of the endometrium, ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, which studies its structure, position, and presence of nodes.
The analysis of vaginal discharge for flora, cytological examination of the cervix to exclude pre-cancerous diseases. Cervical mucus is examined by PCR for the presence of a sexually transmitted infection.Additionally, it is necessary to take an endometrial aspiration biopsy with a curette-pipe to determine the functional state of this tissue.
Additionally, radiography of the chest organs is prescribed to exclude the tuberculous process, determine the level of sex hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, luteinizing and follicle-stimulating hormone) and study the concentration of thyroid hormones (thyrotropic, triiodothyronine, and tetraiodothyronine).
First of all, treatment depends on the cause of the scanty periods. When hormonal insufficiency and immaturity of the endometrial functional layer, women are recommended to take drugs:
- progesterone (utrozhestan, dufaston, lutein),
- hormone replacement therapy (femoston).
If the cause of scanty periods is stress, anorexia, vitamin deficiency, it is recommended to undergo psychotherapy courses, lead a healthy lifestyle, give up bad habits. For medical treatment used medications:
- sedatives (valerian, sedasen, Corvalol),
- metabolic therapy (Riboxine, Actovegin, Mildronate),
- multivitamins and a complex of trace elements,
- biogenic stimulants (apilak).
When identifying infectious factors using these tools:
- antibacterial drugs taking into account sensitivity to microorganisms (determined by bacposev and PCR-diagnostics),
- immunomodulators (proteflazid, ginseng tincture, anaferon),
- anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, indomethacin).
Before using the medication, you should consult with your doctor. We should not forget about walking in the fresh air, physical education and positive emotions. Proper nutrition and refusal of an exhausting diet will help in the regulation of menstrual function.