Health

Why do menstruations last long?

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How many days should go monthly? It is all individually and depends on heredity, the type of climate, the build of a woman and other factors. Most often, the question of why menstruation goes longer than usual women are overweight. In general, the duration of 5-7 days is considered normal, no more and no less. However, with menopausal changes or after the onset of menstruation, the duration can vary and reach ten days. If the cycle is settled and 5-6 years have passed from the beginning of the first menstruation, then long or too short periods should alert the woman. Any change in the cycle may indicate pathology, hormonal failure or inflammatory processes.

Why do menstruation go longer than usual?

If a woman notices that her period is a long time, then it is best to contact an antenatal clinic. Only a doctor will be able to make a clear diagnosis and say what the cause of the change is. Meanwhile, consider the main causes of failure of the cycle.

The first is hormonal changes. Hormones are responsible for everything in our body. In particular, progesterone is responsible for blood clotting and the duration of menstruation. If there is a deficiency in the body, the bleeding will go longer than usual. In addition, this hormone is important for the onset of ovulation. If menstruation goes longer than usual and in recent days only spotting is available, then this is a sure sign that ovulation has not occurred. And this means that conception becomes impossible.

The second reason why menstruation goes longer than usual is dysfunction of the reproductive system (disruption of the ovaries). In particular, this is indicated by prolonged and abundant menstruation. In this case, you should definitely see a doctor, as the possible cause of the problem is cystic formations, in other words, an ovarian cyst. This is quite serious, as the cyst is a benign education that will not pass without medical intervention.

The third reason is sexually transmitted diseases. To completely eliminate this factor, it is necessary to pass the appropriate tests.

Finally, the fourth reason - emotional stress. It is known that women react sensitively to the moral climate, which means that emotional overstrain can change the normal cycle of menstruation. How many days there will be a delay or how long the bleeding will last is impossible to say in this case.

Folk remedies for long periods

There are folk remedies that help, if long are monthly. What to do in this case? At least reduce bleeding. For example, you can make tea from nettle or tea from wild rose. However, it will only eliminate the consequence of the problem, and not the pathology or stress itself. It is better not to risk health, and seek the advice of a gynecologist. But in any case, in order for the body to function normally, it is necessary to give up bad habits and to establish a balanced diet.

The menstrual cycle is normal

Normally, menstruation begins at puberty (12-14 years) and lasts up to 50-55 years, that is, until the onset of menopause. In the first 2-3 years after the beginning of the monthly cycle should be stable.

Usually the interval between menstruations is from 24 to 31 days. After 45 years, the cycle is gradually lengthened, which is associated with changes in the maturation process of the egg.

The duration of bleeding during menstruation is 3 to 7 days. At the same time about 50-80 ml of blood are secreted.

If the monthly go more than a week, you need to contact a gynecologist: perhaps this symptom indicates any pathology.

If smeared

After the end of menstruation, spotting is often observed. This is considered normal if a woman does not experience discomfort (headaches, lower abdominal pain).

If the meager discharge does not disappear within a week, you should be alert. It is possible that this symptom is caused by the following pathologies:

  • early history of abortion
  • endocrine disruption,
  • inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system,
  • tumors (benign or malignant) uterus.

Often the spotting is observed in women who have established the intrauterine device (IUD). In this case, to ensure that everything is in order, you should visit a gynecologist.

Teenagers

In adolescents, menstruation usually occurs irregularly. The cycle becomes constant in 2-3 years after the first menstruation. Therefore, a slight increase in the duration of menstrual bleeding in a teenage girl should not cause much alarm.

The same reasons as in an adult woman can lead to an increase in the period of menstruation in the pubertal period:

  • inflammation,
  • infectious diseases of the genitourinary system,
  • bleeding disorders,
  • benign and malignant tumors of the uterus, etc.

It is important to remember that adolescents often have increased emotional excitability. Therefore, sometimes girls go for periods longer than usual due to stress, conflicts with peers and parents, with intellectual overloads, etc.

After a medical abortion

Abortion always causes severe stress to the body, even if the termination of pregnancy was carried out by the drug method in the early period.

Normal bleeding after medical abortion lasts from two to three weeks. This period depends on the duration of pregnancy, the characteristics of the female body and other factors.

Monthly after abortion should occur in due time, depending on the cycle of the woman. The abundance of discharge depends on the speed of recovery of blood vessels supplying the uterus.

A doctor should be consulted if the monthly after abortion is accompanied by intense pain in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region, and the lining is completely filled with blood within an hour.

After Postinor

Postinor is a drug for emergency prevention of unwanted pregnancy, which must be taken within 24-72 hours after unprotected intercourse.

Postinor inhibits the process of ovulation, reduces the ability of sperm to fertilize an egg and stimulates the endometrium to accelerate growth and rejection.

After taking Postinor many women notice an increased duration of menstruation. Monthly in this case lasts up to 8 days. As a rule, herbal preparations that increase blood clotting and promote the restoration of blood vessels, for example, nettle decoction, help to cope with the problem. If the discharge continues for more than 8 days, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

After miscarriage

After miscarriage, as a rule, periods are very abundant and long, which is considered the norm. Within two months, the cycle is normalized.

Too long periods, accompanied by severe lower abdominal pain, may indicate that fragments of the embryo remain in the uterus. In this case, cleaning is required.

On the video about dysfunctional uterine bleeding

Diseases that can cause prolonged menstruation

Summarizing, it should be said that the following pathologies lead to an increase in the duration of menstruation:

  • uterine fibroids,
  • endometriosis,
  • uterine polyps,
  • malignant neoplasms of the urogenital system,
  • inflammatory and infectious diseases,
  • diseases accompanied by bleeding disorders.

What to do and how to stop?

If you go for a long period, you should contact your gynecologist.

This is especially true when a woman experiences severe pain and discomfort during menstruation.

These symptoms cannot be ignored: they can indicate quite serious diseases, the treatment of which should be started immediately. It is possible to resort to national methods, for example, broth of a nettle, only after consultation with the expert.

We recommend reading an article about bleeding a week after menstruation. From it you will learn about the normal menstrual cycle and its violation, the causes of uterine bleeding, how to distinguish it from normal menstruation, ways to stop the bleeding and possible complications.

How to deal with acne before menstruation? Read here.

What is dangerous?

Why long periods should cause a visit to the doctor? Here are the main reasons:

  • long periods can indicate a serious illness,
  • prolonged blood loss during menstruation can cause anemia, including quite severe, while the woman will feel severe weakness, will quickly get tired and even lose her ability to work,
  • gradually increasing long periods can indicate uterine bleeding, a condition requiring urgent medical intervention.

Is it worth it to panic, if long go monthly? The reasons for prolonged menstruation are varied. And it is only a doctor who can determine if a failure has occurred in the body. Therefore, to avoid unnecessary alarms, you should contact your gynecologist as quickly as possible and not self-medicate.

Normal duration of menstruation

The process of desquamation (monthly separation of the uterine endometrium) occurs in women who are able to reproduce. During each cycle, the body produces 1 egg, which can be fertilized. In the absence of conception, it leaves the body with a layer of epithelium.

The duration of menstruation in women is different. It depends on the individual characteristics of the functioning of the body.

The standard duration of menstruation is 3–7 days. If they end no later than this time, there should be no reason to panic, since this is not a deviation.

Sometimes the periods can go longer. If the cycle shift was triggered by some external factor, for example, a sharp change in the weather, the duration of critical days will increase by 1-3 days. In this case, the situation is normal, the cycle will stabilize in the next month.

Long periods - this is a serious pathology that requires special attention. In this case, the duration of the monthly 8 days or more. The amount of blood secreted with such a deviation is more than 70 ml. For comparison: the volume of discharge, the corresponding rate - 40-50 ml.

But not always prolonged menstruation is considered a deviation. Treatment is not required if it was provoked by one and such factors:

  1. Hereditary predisposition If women of one kind have had to regularly face long and abundant secretions on critical days, there is no need to worry.
  2. Age. Women over 40 often face this problem. Its occurrence is associated with hormonal changes.
  3. Postpartum period. When a girl becomes a mother, her reproductive system is set up in a new way. During this process, the uterus is cleansed.

You need to start worrying if long periods are not related to these factors.

Causes of prolonged menstruation

Long lasting desquamation, unrelated to age and hereditary predisposition, indicates health problems. Prolonged periods are a reason to undergo a medical examination.

With such a problem, you must contact a gynecologist. After carrying out diagnostic measures, the doctor will determine the reason why menstruation became abundant and prolonged.

Let's see why the monthly go longer than usual. Consider the reasons for which menstruation was delayed.

Uterine myoma

If menstruation goes more than usual, and at the same time there are no additional symptoms, there is a possibility of benign neoplasms in the pelvic organs - myoma.

Long periods, the appearance of which was provoked by this pathology, are observed in women of different ages, including those who are faced with menarche (first menstrual periods).

Abundant menstruation in uterine myoma begins approximately on the 3rd day from the beginning of desquamation.

Endometriosis

Long periods, which are accompanied by severe pain in the ovaries, may indicate endometriosis. Pathology is characterized by rapid growth of the endometrium outside the uterus. Often this layer grows into intermediate tissue.

The girls suffering from endometriosis, clearly manifest signs of premenstrual syndrome. If monthly with endometriosis smear for a long time, and at the same time there is aching discomfort in the uterus, you need to take painkillers.

Endometrial pathology

If the appearance of menstruation after a delay is accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen, dizziness and heavy bleeding, this may be due to the pathology of the outer uterine layer.

Long periods - the complication of this disease. Such pathologies are distinguished:

It is important to start treatment of the disease in a timely manner, since the lack of medical measures is fraught with the occurrence of complications, including infertility.

Inflammatory diseases

The cause of excessive monthly may be banal hypothermia, which resulted in inflammation of the pelvic organs.

Long-term menstruation is a symptom of inflammatory diseases such as endometritis, endomyometritis or panmetritis. The latter is considered the most severe form of inflammation, as it covers all layers of the uterus.

In addition to the aching pain in the ovaries and frequent urination, a woman suffering from one of these ailments will experience fever, tachycardia and chills.

Intrauterine device

Due to the high effectiveness of this method of contraception, it is often recommended by gynecologists. Long periods after the use of the intrauterine device is a common occurrence. Critical days may be delayed due to interference with the body, which occurs after the installation of this contraceptive. Therefore, it is important to track your condition.

If, after installing the intrauterine device, the menstrual flow became abundant and changed its shade to a darker, almost black, probably this contraceptive is contraindicated for individual reasons.

In this case, you need to visit a specialist who will remove it.

Bleeding in women over 40

When menstrual periods last longer than usual during the postmenopausal period, it is disturbing. If an adult woman who is menstruating is experiencing symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, numbness of the extremities and severe pain in the uterus, the cause of the problem may lie in the development of the pathological process. If you have these symptoms, you need to undergo a medical examination.

There are several reasons for long periods after 40 years.

This disease is characterized by the appearance of benign lesions on the mucous membranes of the uterus and other pelvic organs - a polyp.

Prolonged menstruation is one of the main symptoms of polyposis. They are often affected by women after 45 years. Such benign neoplasms must be removed. After the recovery period, the duration of menstruation is normalized.

Endometrial hyperplasia

If the menstrual period is prolonged, and the woman experiences severe pain in the ovaries, dizziness, and nausea, this may indicate endometrial hyperplasia.

The disease is characterized by the growth of the outer uterine layer outside the organ. Prolonged menstruation is a consequence of this process.

Also, when the disease occurs, the endometrium is thickened. The process of its growth is benign.

Uterine Cancer

If prolonged periods after 50 years are accompanied by regularly occurring severe pain in the lower abdomen, in the sacrum and lower back, there is a risk of a malignant tumor on the body of the uterus.

This is a serious pathology that requires the attention of not only oncologists, but also surgeons. Cancer of the body of the uterus is treated with chemotherapy, hormonal or radiation method. With timely diagnosis, the tumor can be removed without consequences.

Bleeding stop before doctor's appointment

If a girl is faced with such a problem as heavy and prolonged periods, she should undergo a course of treatment at the gynecologist.

Trying to stop a strong monthly bleeding with folk remedies is not recommended, since if there is a pathological process in the body, this can aggravate the condition.

If your period is long, you can take the following measures at home:

  1. You need to lie down, raising your legs above head level. It is advisable to put a cushion or pillow under them.
  2. A cold compress can help reduce discomfort. It is recommended to put a bag with ice on the lower abdomen. You can not keep cold on the body for a long time, as this can provoke inflammation of the internal organs.
  3. Before the arrival of the doctor you need to drink as much fluid as possible. This rule is important to follow, because abundant and prolonged periods can lead to dehydration.
  4. In cases of fainting caused by large menstrual blood loss, it is recommended to take a hemostatic medicine, such as Ditsinon or Vikasol, before the arrival of the health worker.

If the doctor insists on hospitalization, then there is no need to refuse. With the development of certain diseases, for example, with the running form of endometriosis, women can only be assisted in a hospital setting.

The presence of intrauterine device

When installing the IUD, the doctor must advise on the characteristics of the menstrual cycle with this contraceptive.In the first 3 months the organism will adapt to the new conditions of existence. Initially, the uterus perceives the IUD as an alien object, it will try to repel it with all its might. The uterus muscles are tightened. For this reason, small brown discharges with blood particles are possible throughout the cycle, and during menstruation they last longer than usual. If menstruations lasted 5 days earlier, from the moment they are used the IUD, they can last 7–9 days in the first month. At the same time, the lower abdomen hurts. So, in the next month's cycle, menstruation should go more safely. For 3 months the monthly cycle is restored. Menstruation comes on time, the amount of discharge becomes what it was before. However, due to the individuality of the organism, the duration of menstruation can, indeed. Increase by 2-3 days. And with more discharge. If this does not bother the unusual pain in the abdomen, all within the normal range. Spotting mid-cycle after 3 months is a sign of inflammation, the uterus could not adjust to the IUD.

Premature cancellation of hormonal drugs

Hormonal pills drink a certain pattern. Basically, they are prescribed in violation of the monthly cycle, with heavy bleeding. And quite rarely, in order to prevent pregnancy. Such drugs should be prescribed after a thorough examination of the hormonal background of the woman. But, as practice shows, all this is done at the discretion of the doctor. That is, the hormonal background is determined by eye. Then while taking the pills, there are multiple side effects that can not be tolerated. A woman decides to cancel. And now, after 2-3 days, the bleeding begins. Monthly longer than usual for several days, with prolonged bleeding. Blood loss is so strong. Which leads to weakness and can even put a woman to bed. In such cases, prescribe drugs that increase blood clotting.

Disruption of dysfunctional pregnancy

A delay of 1-2 weeks, dubious test results, pain in the lower abdomen, all of which can be a sign of a not very successful pregnancy. This is often the case. Ovulation in a woman was not in the middle of the cycle, but towards the end. Then the body to the beginning of menstruation did not have time to fully restructure. Hormonal background is not enough to start menstruation, and to save the pregnancy. In this case, the first discharge is small. Then begins a long bleeding with the presence of clots. The same situation with ectopic pregnancy. The only difference is that in the first case the uterus can cleanse itself, after long periods everything will return to normal, in the second case it can end in death. Bleeding during ectopic pregnancy can be internal.

If the monthly cycle is disturbed, the menstruation period is long, bleeding is present - the cause of hormonal imbalance. In this case, the causes of imbalance of hormones can be many. With prolonged periods in the body of a woman exceeds the hormone progesterone. Then there is a slight delay. Long periods do not start, then there is bleeding. Prolonged menstrual cycles are mainly controlled by birth control pills. Then the body is driven into a certain framework. 28 days, then during the week must pass monthly. Due to the fact that the endometrial layer develops defective, there is practically nothing to reject. Because of what little discharge.

Why do menstruation go long?

In addition to the above reasons, the following circumstances contribute to the violation of the cycle:

  • Severe nervous stress, constant tension of the nervous system. One of the most common reasons why periods go longer than usual. The central nervous system regulates hormone production. Failure in this part leads to the fact that the monthly go longer than usual, do not end for a long time, the allocation is abundant.
  • A sedentary lifestyle increases tension in the pelvic organs. Then there is a slight delay. After that, the monthly go longer than usual. Initially, there is stagnation of blood, then it is impossible to stop the bleeding. For this reason, women who have a sedentary lifestyle due to their professional activities are suffering.
  • Another common cause is drugs that affect the state of the blood vessels, the ability to clot. In the instructions for use this point should be indicated. If menstruation takes a long time, take medications to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, to increase the ability to clot.

  • The next reason why menstruation takes a long time is illness. They may concern the reproductive system, endocrine. The pathologies of those organs and systems that are responsible for the production of hormones. Monthly longer than usual go with sexually transmitted diseases, inflammatory processes, in the presence of tumors - uterine fibroids, cyst, cancer. Long do not end monthly with endometritis, endometriosis, when the endometrial layer extends beyond the uterus. In such a situation, it happens that a woman complains - menstruation is smeared when I huddle. In the presence of hormone-dependent diseases, ointments may begin on any day of the cycle.

The reasons for the violation of the menstrual cycle in women is actually a lot. If there are no obvious factors contributing to the violation, you should immediately seek help from a doctor.

Why do menstruations go longer than usual?

Problems with the cycle occur in girls and women quite often. What should be the duration of menstruation - this is an individual question, since the body of each woman works differently. In some, menstruation can last 3 days, while in others it can last 6, and this is considered normal. But it happens that the usual cycle of a woman is broken. Below we find out why the monthly began to go longer than usual.

Interruptions may occur in such situations:

  • for girls at the very beginning of the cycle - then menstruation can go 10 or even 14 days, but in recent days they have a smearing character,
  • in women at the end of the cycle - the duration and nature of the menstruation is the same as in the first case,
  • after childbirth, because the woman's body is rebuilt,
  • if hormonal drugs are taken,
  • after genital surgery.

In these situations, worried about why the monthly go for a long time and smear, not worth it, this is the norm. Worse, if they take 10 or more days and at the same time abundant. Further we will consider other factors because of which violations can arise.

Reasons why go for a long time

Cycle failure can be influenced by the lifestyle of a girl or woman. For example, smoking, alcohol, coffee cravings, prolonged sleep deprivation can affect the work of the genitals. In this case, everything depends on the woman herself, perhaps she needs to change the mode of the day, leave bad habits, go in for sports, rest more.

Consider some more reasons why menstruation goes longer than usual:

  • use of intrauterine device. In this case, the woman can lose a large amount of blood, so she should refuse this contraceptive,
  • poor functioning of the thyroid gland, i.e. it produces or too many hormones, or, conversely, very little,
  • insufficient platelet count, which indicates a blood disorder. Because of this, the blood coagulates poorly and, as a result, the period does not stop for a long time,
  • adenomyosis - a malaise in which the endometrium of the uterus grows into its muscle layer,
  • other gynecological diseases - myoma or uterine cancer,
  • past viral infections.

We have listed the most common reasons why menstruation takes a long time, i.e. 10-12, and even more days. Failure can also occur due to climate change, stress, sudden weight loss, etc. Remember that only a doctor can determine the cause of a cycle violation.

If a girl or a woman has such a problem, then along with the question of why her periods go a long way, another, no less important, what to do, arises First, in no case do not panic and do not make a diagnosis to yourself. You need to responsibly approach your health and do not postpone the visit to the gynecologist. Second, tune in to the fact that you may have a serious and lengthy examination and treatment.

Why do the periods last too long and is it dangerous?

The female genital system is extremely complex, and not all changes in it can be traced. Some diseases lurk in the body for several weeks or even months before it manifests itself. But a certain class shows itself right away. The main symptom of many diseases can be considered long periods, it is not typical for women. This phenomenon is usually not missed, and if they do, they eventually begin to think and eventually turn to the gynecologist.

Under normal conditions, critical days do not last longer than seven days.

Monthly more than a week (and even delayed for ten or fourteen days) is a reason to start worrying. It may not be menstrual at all, but the most real bleeding. There were cases when its onset approximately coincided with the beginning of menstruation, which is why women did not immediately begin to sound the alarm.

The longest menstrual cycle lasts 35 days, with a maximum of a week from it. For some, the period may end on the third day - but, in any case, the amount of fluid that a woman loses during this time should not exceed 150 milliliters. It is difficult to evaluate it under normal conditions, so doctors are often forced to ask about the abundance of discharge, focusing on their duration and frequency.

Pathological causes

If the woman is having sex, prolonged periods can be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy (especially if they are abundant in themselves and inclusions that look more like small pieces of the liver can be observed). This is not the final diagnosis, but if the monthly go for more than a week, there is reason to think about whether the patient uses contraceptive methods.

Also, doctors call the following possible causes of long periods:

  • the intrauterine device - in itself, this method of contraception is quite good, which is why many gynecologists recommend it. However, any intervention in the natural work of the body can affect its functionality, including a simple spiral against pregnancy. After its installation, it is necessary to monitor your condition - if during this period the monthly periods go longer than usual, they become more abundant and darker - the spiral does not fit for individual indications and it needs to be urgently removed from a specialist,
  • hormonal contraceptives - also a popular method of contraception, which can definitely affect the body. Sometimes this effect is positive, but there are also cases of negative impact, up to the knock-down of the body's normal cyclicality. The effect is already visible in the first months of taking the drug - prolonged menstruation is a symptom of intolerance to a specific type of hormonal contraceptive, you must consult a gynecologist for advice, so that he offers an alternative.
  • hormonal disorders that are not associated with contraceptives - even if a woman does not take hormonal contraceptives, the reason that menstruation does not stop may be hormones produced by the body. Such jumps are usually tied to major changes in the body, for example, the operation “for the female part”, childbirth, menopause, etc. Usually the body itself returns to normal after some time, but if this has not happened in a month or two, there is reason to think about your own health,
  • thyroid disease - some types of disruptions in the body lead to thyroid disease, which either stops producing the hormones in the right amount, or gives out too many of them. And in fact, and in another case, the usual menstrual cycle may be broken. In the absence of other signs, the gynecologist prescribes an analysis for hormones, and an endocrinologist, in case of finding deviations. prescribes a course of treatment that is better to complete, especially if a woman ever wants to have children,
  • blood diseases - even if the patient did not have them before, as a result of restructuring of the body or negative external factors, the functioning of the system responsible for blood coagulability could be disrupted. Platelets are not produced in the proper quantity, without performing their function, which is why, besides the fact that the woman has a long period of menstruation, there is bleeding of the gums, long bleeding from cuts, etc.,
  • adenomyosis (or internal endometriosis) is a pathology associated with excessive proliferation of endothermic tissues. Often it goes beyond the limits, sprouting into neighboring organs and intermediate tissues. In addition to abundant critical days, a woman with this disease clearly shows PMS, moreover, she can notice too much pain in the area of ​​the ovaries or lower back, up to the need to take painkillers,
  • A polyp is located on endothermy, and, in general, is absolutely harmless, but you still need to keep track of its condition and figure out as soon as possible. The disease is diagnosed with a hysteroscope,
  • myoma is a benign neoplasm. There is nothing pleasant in it, but it is still better than a tumor. Can meet a woman of any age, even if she has not yet begun sex life. Myoma does not give any additional symptoms, the only thing is that menstruation lasts longer than usual, copious bleeding may not start immediately, but after a few days,
  • A tumor is the most terrible diagnosis; if it is detected, it is necessary to follow all prescriptions of the attending physician, up to the operation. Leaving the tumor inside is dangerous - even if it is not cancerous now, the tumor can be reborn under the influence of other processes in the body, and then it will be much more difficult to remove.

For the treatment and prevention of problems with the menstrual cycle (amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, Opsomenorrhea, etc.) and vaginal dysbacteriosis, our readers successfully use the simple advice of the chief gynecologist Leyla Adamova. Having carefully studied this method, we decided to offer it to your attention.

Even if we take into account that some of these diseases are relatively harmless, they cannot be ignored for too long - if you put several similar diagnoses on each other, the body may simply not withstand, and the fact that the patient does not run out of periods will be her smallest problem.

Physiological factors of etiology

There are cases when the gynecologist does not find any pathologies, but the critical days for a woman still go more than a week. This is a rare but possible scenario, and the reason why menstrual periods last longer than usual is not associated with pathologies and diseases. This does not mean that you can forget about the problem and enjoy life - it is better to pay attention to the following reasons that everyone can fix by herself:

  • constant high level of stress
  • overweight (for medical reasons, not personal feelings),
  • low levels of vitamins in the body
  • acclimatization after the move (especially if several time zones were crossed),
  • regular use of alcohol, drugs or cigarettes.

By themselves, these reasons are not so terrible, but it is better to correct the situation, if there is such an opportunity, because the fact that menstruation lasts 10 days is not very pleasant in itself and can lead to the further development of pathologies in the body.

Physiology of the menstrual cycle

Accelerate the onset of menses

What is the dangerous phenomenon?

First of all, if the monthly go more than 7 days (especially if they are abundant), the woman's body loses a lot of blood. Together with it, the necessary iron comes out of the body, which in severe cases can lead to iron deficiency anemia. Not a pleasant prospect, especially if the body is weakened by other diseases.

In addition, if a woman has been pregnant before, and menstruation is not going to stop, it may not be menstrual at all, but miscarriage in the early stages. Some do not even suspect that they were pregnant for some time, learning about it only from a gynecologist after a miscarriage. That is why if a woman gets pregnant and does not understand why her period goes longer than usual, she should think about the ability of her body to bear the child. Passing special diagnostic procedures and testing will help her determine the cause.

Blood loss can be so severe that the patient feels very weak - in the worst cases, she will not even be able to lift her head on her own. In this case, it is better to go to the hospital or call an ambulance - to go to the doctor on your own in this state is absolutely contraindicated.

Physiology of the menstrual cycle

Features of the first menstruation

General recommendations

If the monthly does not end in the second week, you can not tolerate any longer - you need to urgently get an appointment with a gynecologist. No folk remedies will not help, and even if the critical days stop this time, a woman can have serious problems in the future. Оно того не стоит — гораздо проще потратить немного времени и средств на разнообразные обследования и анализы, чтобы точно определить источник проблем и начать с ними разбираться.

If the bleeding is too heavy, you should not give it a chance to end on its own - it’s better to arrange a comfortable place for yourself and call a doctor from there. While the ambulance is traveling, you can collect the bag and relieve the condition with the following simple techniques:

  • It is necessary to lie horizontally, but raise the legs above the level of the body - if possible, place a pillow or a roller under them
  • a cold compress will calm the pain a little and stop the bleeding (it is enough to put a bag with ice from the freezer, a bottle of cold water or a bag of frozen foods on the stomach). Doing this must be done carefully so as not to freeze all your organs,
  • while doctors are traveling, it is better to drink more fluids: plain water or sweet tea. It is better to refuse juices and soda,
  • if things are really bad, and qualified medical assistance will not be provided as soon as we would like, and the bleeding is so strong that the woman loses consciousness, it is better to give her any hemostatic means (for example, Vikasol or Ditsinon).

These are some tips in case the menstruation takes a long time, and the patient is waiting for the arrival of qualified specialists - they will tell you what to do next and what medicines to take. In the worst case, you will need hospitalization, so it is better to pre-pack a bag with essential things and a policy.

What can traditional and traditional medicine offer a woman whose monthly periods do not stop? The range of means is quite extensive and its specific positions are appointed only after a visual inspection, diagnosis using modern methods and conducting refinement analyzes.

Why do the periods last too long and is it dangerous?

Traditional treatments

To stop bleeding, doctors may prescribe the following drugs:

  • hemostatic (to increase blood clotting),
  • for uterine contraction,
  • to strengthen the inner walls of blood vessels from the circulatory system,
  • hormonal,
  • vitamins and minerals (most often, iron-based preparations appear in such settings - it is his body that becomes too little for large blood losses).

It is impossible to make appointments on your own (with the exception of hemostats, drunk in a life-critical situation) so as not to harm the body more (especially if there are additional diseases of the internal organs in the background).

If the reason why menstruation is taking a long time, in a tumor or other neoplasm, surgery may be necessary. In this case, it is better to do everything as soon as possible so that the pathological process does not spread to nearby organs. modern medicine in this regard has reached unprecedented heights, so there is no need to fear for your life — much worse when the disease develops to such an extent that nothing can be done.

As a conclusion

If the monthly go for 10 days and longer, there is always some definite reason for it. You should not hope that the process will end by itself, and then everything will be fine - even if the first few years will disturb long periods every few months, in the future they will become more frequent until the disease develops to such an extent that it will be impossible to ignore it. .

Why do the periods last too long and is it dangerous?

In any case, if the month did not stop on the seventh day, and before that they were very abundant, it makes sense to start worrying — it is much easier to detect and stop the problem at an early stage than to deal with a bunch of complications and consequences.

Only this approach will allow you to maintain enough health to bear and give birth to a healthy baby in the future, while any delay in treatment reduces the chances for a woman to become a mother. Whether it is worth it is solely for the patient to decide, but doctors do not recommend choosing a way to wait and abstain from treatment.

And a little about the secrets.

Have you ever suffered from problems with Menstrual cycle. Judging by the fact that you are reading this article - the victory was not on your side. And of course you do not know firsthand what it is:

  • heavy or scanty clots
  • chest and lower back pain
  • pain while having sex
  • unpleasant smell
  • urination discomfort

And now answer the question: does it suit you? Is it possible to endure problems? And how much money have you already “leaked” to ineffective treatment? That's right - it's time to stop with this! Do you agree? That is why we decided to publish an interview with the chief gynecologist of Russia Leyla Adamova. in which she revealed the simple secret of normalization of the menstrual cycle. Read the article ...

What is a normal menstrual cycle?

How many days should go monthly? In fact, everything is so individual on this issue that in each individual case these norms will differ. This indicator can be influenced by many factors: heredity, climate, equipment for a woman and her weight, lifestyle and much more.

From the point of view of gynecology, normal menstruation lasts 5-7 days. Violations in the duration of the cycle usually occur in women with overweight, as well as in the presence of various pathologies.

But in the pre-climatic period and in the period of puberty, the formation of the cycle, the duration of menstruation may vary, even reaching ten days.
If the cycle is already formed and settled, that is, from the beginning of the first menstruation, about 5-6 years have passed, while the girl noticed too abundant or, on the contrary, too scanty periods, it should be alerted.

Any failure in the menstrual cycle may indicate a hormonal imbalance, gynecological pathology, an inflammatory process, or an infectious lesion.

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Informational video, in which a specialist will examine in detail the question of the duration of menstruation, and answer the most common questions about long periods.

Why do menstruations go longer?

According to gynecologists, usually the longest menstrual cycle lasts 35 days, of which a maximum of 7 days is in menstruation. If menstruation is delayed to 10, and even more so up to 14 days, then it is time to sound the alarm.

Only by seeking help from a doctor, you can accurately make a diagnosis. Gynecologists divide the causes of prolonged menstruation into two groups - pathological and physiological.

2. Physiological causes

In some cases, the gynecologist does not find any pathological conditions, but at the same time menstruation goes on for a long time and intensively. The reason why the monthly go longer than usual may not be associated with diseases.

Some physiological conditions can cause disruptions of the menstrual cycle. If the gynecologist did not find any irregularities in the functioning of the organs of the female reproductive system, then it is important to pay attention to such factors:

  • constant stress and strong emotional overstrain,
  • overweight, but not according to one's own feelings, but according to medical indications,
  • avitaminosis and an insufficient amount of necessary elements in the body,
  • acclimatization associated with crossings and time zone seeds,
  • bad habits and unhealthy lifestyle,
  • eating heavy meals and lack of healthy, nutritious foods.

Sometimes menstruation can go long in the pre-climatic period or in adolescence, when the cycle is just set. Or maybe, on the contrary, there will be a paucity of menstruation.

What to look for?

Depending on the clinical picture, it is possible to suspect one or another pathological condition that caused abundant menstruation.

So, if a girl experiences painful sensations along with copious secretions with blood clots and mucus, and the discharge does not go away for more than a week, and the pain increases, then this symptom may indicate an ectopic pregnancy.

If the menstruation is delayed, but at the same time they are not abundant, then this may indicate erosion of the cervix, especially if blood appears after sex.

Such symptoms usually indicate serious disruptions within the body that can be dangerous to the health and future life of a woman. If the pain is very intense, you can drink painkillers, but not zealous. If the pain has returned after a certain time has elapsed after the anesthetic, this is an occasion to urgently visit a doctor.

What are the risks of long periods?

If menstruation lasts more than seven days, especially if it is very abundant, then in the first place a woman loses a large amount of blood. Thus, iron comes out of the body, which in particularly neglected situations can provoke iron deficiency anemia.

If a woman suspects pregnancy and observes long periods, then these may not be critical days at all. Perhaps it is a miscarriage in the early stages or already an abortion in progress. Some women do not even think that they were pregnant, finding out about it only after visiting a gynecologist with a complaint that “menstruate for a long time”. This is usually due to improper attachment of a fertilized egg or due to the pathological development of the fetus, etc.

If such situations are observed more than twice, then the girl needs to undergo a comprehensive examination to find out the reason why her body can not bear the child.

After physiological abortion, it is necessary to undergo diagnosis with ultrasound, otherwise the development of an infectious process and inflammatory diseases of the reproductive organs can occur. Therefore, it is important to visit the gynecologist on time.

Blood loss can cause significant weakness, depending on the amount of blood lost. There are cases when a woman is not even able to get out of bed herself. This is a serious reason for calling an ambulance and inpatient treatment.

Drug treatment

To stop uterine bleeding, doctors can prescribe such groups of drugs:

  • hemostatic with the aim of increasing the level of blood clotting,
  • medications that cause uterine contractions,
  • strengthening the inner walls of blood vessels
  • hormonal drugs
  • iron-based vitamin and mineral complexes.

If the cause of abundant menstruation lies in the tumor, then drug treatment is unlikely to get rid of it. Therefore, a tumor can be prescribed surgically. In the case of the formation of a functional cyst, conservative therapy may be prescribed, since this type of neoplasm tends to dissolve.

Summing up

If the monthly go more than 10 days, then there is always some good reason that you need to find out. Only in this way can you get rid of the problem that appears and do not harm your body.

If on the seventh day of the month is not over, while there are nagging pain in the lower abdomen, then this is a reason to see a doctor and get tested. Well, if the cause is hormonal adjustment, stress or lack of sleep. Otherwise, there is a risk of missing a more serious pathology or a tumor.

Any disease is easier to cure at its early stage of development, so do not delay, considering that prolonged menstruation is the norm. Take care of yourself and listen to the symptoms. In this way, the body informs a person of some kind of failure.

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How long should monthly?

Sometimes women’s critical days stretch for more than a week. When is this considered normal?

  • at a young age, when the cycle has not yet fully recovered,
  • during menopause,
  • when consuming hormonal contraceptive drugs.

During puberty, menstruation is often unstable and lasts up to two weeks. This is not a deviation. Usually, 5–7 days after the start of the monthly discharge, they become smeared. An abnormality is abundant menstruation for ten or more days.

If the monthly cycle began to be established five years ago, and the monthly periods are still abundant, you should consult a doctor.

Why is the duration of menstruation increased?

If this happens, the question arises: why did the monthly failure occur? The reasons may be many. Starting with everyday stress, ending with serious illnesses. This may be the result of a hormonal imbalance, which stops progesterone production, which is responsible for stopping bleeding during menstruation. Abundant periods may indicate the absence of ovulation, that is, the inability to get pregnant.

Long and abundant periods can talk about the violation of the internal organs in the hip area or the presence of gynecological diseases, as well as more serious problems in the body:

  • ovarian dysfunction,
  • cysts,
  • tumors of the genital organs of a malignant or benign nature.

Deviations in the functioning of the endocrine and reproductive systems may be due to:

  • malnutrition,
  • alcohol and coffee abuse
  • smoking

Sometimes they try to explain prolonged menstruation by having sex during it. However, this is not true: sex does not affect this process.

Sometimes it happens that menstruation lasts more than a week during pregnancy. This may indicate either a rare feature of the organism or the possibility of miscarriage.

Monthly failure can occur after an abortion - after it, menstruation is unstable, because it is not planned to intervene in the body. The same thing happens after childbirth, because there has been a restructuring of all systems, and until the former rhythm of their work is adjusted, menstruation can last ten days or more. This is considered normal.

Reasons explaining why menstruation is long

  1. It occurs as a result of puberty.
  2. When pregnancy.
  3. Due to weight instability.
  4. As a result of hormonal failure.
  5. Due to climax.
  6. Due to gynecological diseases.
  7. The effects of stress.
  8. Due to complications from viral diseases.
  9. When adapting to new climatic conditions.
  10. When taking oral contraceptives.

In fact, the reasons for the long and heavy periods are much more. If this happens, do not ignore the state of things - because these are the signals that your body gives. Do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment.

Pathology during menstruation

The menstrual cycle is a complex of major changes in the female body with which hormones conduct. The essence of these changes is that a woman can conceive a child and bear the fruit.

The duration of the menstrual cycle is 28 —35 days, depending on the physiological characteristics of the female body. Its completion lies in the detachment of the endometrium from the uterine wall.

Usually monthly go from 3 days to a week. For the entire duration of menstruation, up to about 150 ml is excreted.

In medicine, long periods have received the special term menorrhagia. Menorrhagia is characterized by profusion and long duration.

There are several symptoms that should alert a woman:

  1. The first case is when menstruation does not end during the week.
  2. And in the second case it lasts more than a week.

In a normal course, menstruation usually lasts no more than a week, while in the last days the amount of blood released gradually decreases.

But what if the blood does not stop, and monthly go for two weeks? This phenomenon indicates a serious failure of the female body. Monthly go so hard that you have to change the gasket every hour. In case of heavy discharge, the amount of blood lost is 150 ml.

If you encounter a similar phenomenon for the first time and do not understand why this happens, then perhaps this is not a manifestation of a violation of the cycle, but a strong uterine bleeding. If a woman feels very bad, weakness, dizzy, then you need to urgently call an ambulance or go straight to the hospital.

Causes of heavy periods

Menstruation is profuse and longer for completely different reasons. Why do they appear?

If long periods of menstruation last one cycle, then the provocateur could become a banal stressful situation, when a woman became very nervous. Also, excessive physical exertion could provoke a situation where the monthly flow is longer and longer than usual.

But there are more serious problems associated with the health of the female reproductive system.

For example, the provocateur of such a phenomenon can be:

  • The presence of a benign tumor in the uterus - fibroids,
  • Endometriosis,
  • Chronic endometritis,
  • The presence of polyps in the endometrium,
  • Inflammatory process in the appendages,
  • Cancer in the uterus,
  • Cancer in the ovaries,
  • Cancer in the cervix.

Under the influence of such serious disorders in the body and women can begin long and heavy periods. The causes of this phenomenon may lie in the low rate of blood clotting.Diagnosing blood diseases such as thrombocytopenia, blood cancer, and von Willebrand disease can cause major blood loss during menstruation, which lasts more than a week.

What to do with this problem?

What measures should be taken by a woman who is faced with the fact that there are abundant and long periods during a week or more?

First of all, you should immediately visit a gynecologist. The doctor will help determine the reason why there was a malfunction in the body and help you find the right medicines.

In the case of accessing the search engine Google, you are unlikely to achieve positive results, but only aggravate your, and without that very heavy, state.

What to do if the doctor claims that he has not found any pathologies in your body, and your period is rich and long-lasting. In this case, you should pay attention to your daily routine and habits. Prolonged menstruation can also be provoked by reasons that a woman may well correct. For example, eat healthy food and watch your weight. It is not only useful, but also beautiful.

Should be excluded or minimized:

  • Constant stress
  • Overweight
  • Avitaminosis.
  • Drinking alcohol cigarettes or drugs.
  • Climate change zone.

If any of the above reasons suits your case, and the doctor claims that there are no pathological processes in your body, then everything is in your hands. You can handle this problem by yourself.

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