Breast sore after menses: possible causes


Chest pain in medical terminology is called mastalgia. This is a common occurrence before menstruation. But sometimes a woman may experience such sensations after it ends, in this case, you should definitely contact a specialist. After the diagnosis, the doctor will determine the cause of this condition. Sometimes pain occurs as a result of serious illness.

When puberty girls often worry pain in the mammary glands. However, this is not a cause for concern. In the period from 12 to 17 years, the breast is actively growing, and this is accompanied by increased sensitivity.


One of the reasons why chest after menstruation hurts is pregnancy. An increase in estrogen levels in the blood affects tissue tightening and an increase in breast volume. During this period, hormonal changes occur in the woman’s body, and the mammary glands begin to grow. Such a process causes discomfort.

Therefore, in the event of pain, young women should have a pregnancy test before worrying about possible diseases. However, please note that mastalgia is possible with ectopic pregnancy. Read more about ectopic pregnancy →

Hormonal disorders

Chest pain after menstruation is observed when a hormonal disorder occurs in a woman’s body. The following factors affect the hormone imbalance:

  • tumor processes (especially if they appear in the upper region of the body),
  • menopause
  • venereal diseases,
  • taking oral contraceptives (hormonal),
  • genetic predisposition
  • irregular sexual intercourse,
  • treatment with hormonal drugs, sedatives and antidepressants.

When the chest hurts a week after menstruation, the following possible reasons are distinguished:

  • stresses
  • inflammation in the mammary glands due to infection,
  • parasitic invasions.


If the chest hurts immediately after menstruation, then such a condition may indicate a consolidation of the gland tissue - mastopathy. This is a common disease - about 60% of women in the age group under 45 suffer from it.

Painful sensations in the mammary glands can occur during any period of the menstrual cycle.

Gynecological diseases

Problems associated with the female genital organs are another reason when, after menstruation, the chest and lower abdomen hurt. In addition, there may be discomfort in the lumbar area. These can be inflammatory diseases:

  • adnexitis,
  • endometriosis,
  • vulvitis
  • inflammation in the tubes of the uterus and ovaries.

Gynecological diseases lead to hormonal imbalance that causes mastalgia.

Direct rays of the sun

To provoke pain can overheating in the sun. To avoid such consequences, it is necessary to cover the chest from the sun with a cloth.

Other reasons why the breast glands after menstruation are:

  • arthritis
  • pneumonia,
  • osteochondrosis,
  • urogenital diseases.

What to do with breast tenderness

If, after menstruation, the chest began to hurt, then in any case it is important to visit a doctor who will order an examination and establish an accurate diagnosis. For pains of a regular nature, it is advisable to start a diary where the period of the appearance of unpleasant sensations in the mammary glands will be recorded.

During the consultation, the specialist will listen to the patient's complaints for a general idea of ​​mastalgia (determine the location, intensity and nature of the pain) and make a history. After that he will palpate the mammary glands.

If a week after menstruation hurts chest, the doctor will offer to undergo a pregnancy test and a blood test for hCG.

If necessary, the specialist may prescribe such methods for diagnosing possible diseases:

  • mammography,
  • ultrasound procedure,
  • pneumocystography,
  • ductography,
  • needle biopsy.

The treatment is prescribed by a specialist, depending on the established cause of pain. If such are certain diseases, then therapeutic methods should be directed to the treatment of the root cause.

When mastopathy is usually prescribed hormonal drugs. Also need to adhere to a special diet.

When pain is caused by the formation of a tumor or a cyst, surgery and chemotherapy are prescribed in such situations.

Reducing the uncomfortable condition will help:

  1. Properly chosen bra (it should be comfortable, from a good quality material, seams are needed, holding the bones tightly).
  2. Properly chosen contraceptives. They must appoint a specialist on the basis of the analysis.
  3. A warm bath and herbal tea with a soothing effect.
  4. Rejection of bad habits.
  5. Prevent temperature fluctuations. Supercooling and overheating should be avoided.
  6. Regular intercourse.
  7. Vitamin complexes.

In addition, you should adhere to proper nutrition:

  • refuse fatty, salty and sour food,
  • eat more fresh fruits and vegetables
  • reduce spicy food intake,
  • before the onset of menstruation reduce the use of coffee and chocolate.

The reasons that cause pain in the mammary glands after menstruation, many. Independently, you can only diagnose pregnancy. But if conception is excluded, it is recommended to urgently consult a specialist, because such pains may indicate various diseases. Only after the diagnosis is prescribed the necessary treatment.

Author: Elena Lyzhova
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