Influenza and menstrual cycle: failures, recovery, what to be treated 1


It is difficult to meet a woman, especially at the present time, who has not had a breakdown or a menstrual cycle at least once. Such shifts in the form of delays, both long and short, or manifested by shortening the cycle, are completely unsafe for the female body, because regular menstruation reflects the mental and physical condition of the woman.

The menstrual cycle (many women call it their own way, as the “menstruation cycle”) plays the role of a biological clock of the body and any violations are the first bell of as yet unrecognized diseases. Why there is a violation of the menstrual cycle - the question interests not only the representatives of the weaker sex, but also doctors.

A bit about menstruation and the menstrual cycle

The first menstruation or menarche occurs in girls about 12 to 14 years old, and the more south a child lives, the earlier her periods begin. Menstruation ends at about 45 - 55 years (this period is called premenopausal).

Menstruation is the rejection or desquamation of the functional layer of the uterine lining in response to a decrease in progesterone production. That is why gynecologists like to repeat that menstruation is bloody tears of the uterus due to an unfilled pregnancy. To understand this definition, it is worth remembering the physiology of the menstrual cycle. As you know, the monthly cycle of a woman is divided into 3 phases:

  • In the first, follicular phase, estrogens are produced, the effect of which determines the maturation of the follicles. Of these follicles, the main or dominant follicle is released, subsequently a mature egg leaves.
  • The second phase is the shortest (about a day), it is during this period that the main follicle is torn, and the mature egg is released “free”, ready for a meeting with “zhivchiki” and fertilization.
  • In the third phase, luteal, progesterone synthesis begins in the corpus luteum, which originated at the site of the ruptured follicle. It is progesterone that causes the preparation of the endometrium for implantation of a fertilized egg. In the event that conception did not occur, the corpus luteum slowly "dies" (regresses), the production of progesterone drops and the endometrium rejection begins, that is, menstruation.
  • Next, estrogen production is gaining momentum again and the cycle repeats.

From all this, it becomes clear that the menstrual cycle refers to cyclic changes that occur in the body after a strictly defined time.

  • The normal duration of the monthly cycle is 21 - 35 days. Deviation from the usual rhythm in one direction or another for 3–5 days is not a pathology, and longer shifts should alert the woman.
  • Monthly normal lasts from three days to a week and does not deliver pronounced discomfort to the woman.
  • The amount of blood lost during menstruation does not exceed 100-140 ml.

The regulation of the menstrual cycle coincides on 5 levels:

  • The first is the cerebral cortex, that is, all emotional experiences can lead to irregular menstruation. For example, it is known that in wartime, women had no monthly periods, which has its name - “wartime amenorrhea”.
  • The second level of regulation is the hypothalamus, which synthesizes releasing factors that influence the following.
  • The third level is the pituitary gland. In the latter, hormones are produced: follicle-stimulating and luteinizing, or gonadotropic hormones.
  • Under their influence in the ovaries - the fourth level begins to be synthesized by estrogen or progesterone (depending on the phase of the cycle).
  • The fifth level of regulation is the uterus, fallopian tubes and vagina. Changes in the endometrium take place in the uterus, the fallopian tubes are peristalted, helping to meet the egg and spermatozoid, the epithelium is renewed in the vagina.

What breaks the cycle of menstruation?

The causes of menstrual irregularities are very numerous and varied. Conditionally they can be defined in 3 groups.

The first includes external factors, that is, the physiological effects on the cycle. In this case we are talking about the influence of etiological factors on the first level of regulation of the menstrual cycle - the cerebral cortex:

  • climate change
  • nervous exhaustion
  • persistent and prolonged stress
  • character warehouse
  • change in diet and other.

The second includes various pathological states, not only in the field of the reproductive system, but also of the whole organism of the woman as a whole.

The third group includes the effects of drugs, both when they are taken and when they are canceled. These may be hormonal contraceptive pills (see contraceptive pills), glucocorticoids, anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents, anticonvulsant drugs and antidepressants, and others.

Factors due to pathological conditions:

  • Conditioned by ovarian pathology

These include impaired communication between the ovaries and the pituitary gland, stimulation of ovulation with drugs, ovarian cancers, insufficiency of the second phase of the cycle, occupational hazards (vibration, radiation, chemical exposure), ovarian surgery (removal of most ovarian tissue), urinary trauma and formation fistula and stuff.

  • Impaired interaction between the hypothalamus and the anterior pituitary gland

Insufficient or excessive release of releasing factors and gonadotropic hormones, pituitary tumors, hemorrhage into the pituitary or necrosis, brain tumors that compress the pituitary / hypothalamus.

It does not matter genital or extragenital endometriosis, in any case, the disease is hormonal in nature and leads to an imbalance of hormones.

  • Impaired blood clotting (hemophilia, genetic pathology).
  • Diseases of the liver and gallbladder disease.
  • Curettage of the uterus - artificial interruption of pregnancy or therapeutic and diagnostic curettage contribute to damage to the endometrium, which interferes with its growth or may be complicated by inflammation of the uterus and appendages.
  • Hormone-dependent tumors - cancer of the breast, uterus, adrenal glands, thyroid.
  • Adrenal diseases (tumors, injuries, etc.).
  • Polyps mucous membrane of the uterus.
  • Chronic endometritis - a full-fledged endometrium is not formed.
  • Rapid weight changes - losing weight or obesity leads to a failure of the menstrual cycle, because adipose tissue produces estrogens.
  • Abnormalities of the uterus - sexual infantilism, a septum in the uterus, a double uterus and others.
  • Infections - both infections in childhood (rubella, chickenpox) and sexually transmitted infections can adversely affect the ovaries.
  • Pathology of the uterus - this item includes uterine tumors and endometrial pathology (hyperplasia).
  • Mental illness (schizophrenia, epilepsy, alcoholic psychosis).
  • Endocrine pathology.
  • Chromosomal abnormalities (for example, the karyotype 46HU with the female phenotype).
  • Arterial hypertension (see drugs for high blood pressure).
  • Bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse).
  • Hypovitaminosis and avitaminosis.

How does a menstrual cycle disorder manifest?

Various shifts during the monthly cycle are defined as a violation. The monthly cycle can vary both in duration and in the nature of menstrual bleeding:

  • With amenorrhea, menstrual periods are absent for six months or more (primary primary amenorrhea is isolated, when the cycle disorder began from the onset of menstruation, and secondary amenorrhea — the disturbed cycle appeared after a period of its normal course)
  • Oligomenorrhea - if menstruation occurs once every 3 to 4 months,
  • Oppenmenorrhea - short and extremely scarce periods (no more than 1 - 2 days),
  • Hyperpolymenorrhea - very abundant periods, but the cycle duration does not change,
  • Menorrhagia is prolonged and abundant menstruation (lasting more than 10 days),
  • Metrorrhagia - irregular bleeding that may appear in the middle of the monthly cycle,
  • Proiomenorrhea - the duration of the menstrual cycle is less than three weeks (that is, frequent periods),
  • Algomenorrhea - extremely painful menstruation, leading to disability (also divided into primary and secondary),
  • Dysmenorrhea - any violations of the menstrual cycle, accompanied by pain during menstruation and autonomic disorders: headache, emotional lability, excessive sweating, nausea / vomiting).

Irregular periods during adolescence

In adolescent girls, menstrual irregularity is quite common. This is due to physiological reasons. That is, the hormonal background has not yet been established and the duration of both the cycle itself and the menstruation may be different each time. The norm is the formation of a cycle for 1 - 2 years.

Pathological factors, causes of irregular menstruation include:

  • head injuries
  • infectious lesions of the brain and its membranes
  • propensity for colds
  • vegetative dystonia
  • obesity
  • sclerocystic ovaries and genital infections.

Equally important is the craze for girls diets, which leads not only to a significant loss of body weight, but also to hypovitaminosis and menstrual disorders. In addition, the nature of the girl also affects the regularity of the menstrual cycle (too emotional, impulsive or aggressive).

Also in the violation of the cycle play a role:

  • early and promiscuous sex
  • bad habits
  • malformations of the reproductive system

Disrupted menstrual cycle in girls can result in a complication such as juvenile uterine bleeding. In this case, menstrual periods last more than a week and are abundant, which leads to anemization of the child (see iron preparations for anemia). Juvenile bleeding is usually triggered by either an infectious process or a nervous strain.

Violation of the premenopausal cycle

With climax, which, as indicated above, occurs in the region of 45 - 55 years old, in addition to irregularities in the menstrual cycle, vegetative-vascular disorders are disturbed in metabolic processes and psycho-emotional state (hot flashes, emotional lability, osteoporosis).

Disorders in the premenopausal menstrual cycle are associated with the extinction of the childbearing function, that is, at the level of the pituitary gland, the production of gonadotropins is upset, which leads to an impaired follicular maturation process in the gonads and luteal insufficiency against the background of hyperestrogenism.

This causes a pathological restructuring of the endometrium in both phases of the cycle, acyclic and cyclic bleeding, as endometrial hyperplasia develops. If the menstrual cycle disorder of the type of rare and irregular menstrual or acyclic bleeding occurred after 40 years, most likely this indicates a premature depletion of the ovaries (early menopause) and requires hormone replacement therapy.

Violation of the cycle while taking hormones

Often, on the background of taking contraceptive drugs (combination contraceptives or progestin drugs for a long time, such as Depo-Provera), intermenstrual bleeding occurs during the first 3 months of using hormones (see contraindications for oral contraceptives).

This is considered normal, as the body must re-tune for hormones that come in from the outside and suppress the production of its own. If the acyclic bleedings last longer than the specified period, this is due to the wrong selection of the drug (too high or low dose of hormones) or the wrong pill.

The same situation may lead to the development of algomenorrhea. There is a high likelihood of massive uterine bleeding when using tablets for emergency contraception, which is associated with “elephant” hormone levels in such preparations (therefore gynecologists recommend using fire contraception no more than 1 time per year, see Postinor for side effects).

Amenorrhea is often caused by taking progestin drugs or progestin injections of prolonged action. As a consequence, progestins are usually prescribed to women of premenopausal age or suffering from endometriosis (when artificial menopause is needed).

In case of menstrual irregularities, treatment is selected according to the reason, which led to a cycle failure, the age of the woman / girl, clinical manifestations and the presence of comorbidities.

Treatment of a disturbed cycle of menstruation in adolescence

Violation of the cycle, which is complicated by juvenile bleeding, is subject to two-stage therapy.

  • In the first stage, hemostasis is carried out with hormonal preparations and hemostatic agents (dicine, vicasol, aminocaproic acid).
  • If a patient has long-lasting and severe bleeding and is accompanied by such symptoms as weakness, dizziness, low hemoglobin (70 g / l and less), then the girl should be scraped out. To prevent ruptures of the hymen last cut off with 0.25% novocaine. The scraping, respectively, sent for histological examination. If hemoglobin is in the range of 80 - 100 g / l, hormonal pills are prescribed (low-dose combined contraceptives: Marvelon, Mersilon, Novinet and others).
  • In parallel with surgical and hormonal hemostasis, antianemic therapy is carried out (blood transfusion, red blood cell mass, reopolyglukine, infukol, and iron supplements are shown: sorbifer-durules, tardiferone, and others).
  • Hormone treatment lasts at least three months, and therapy of anemia until hemoglobin levels rise to normal numbers (this is the second stage of treatment).
  • In uncomplicated cases of menstrual disorder in girls (when menstrual function becomes established) cyclic vitamin therapy is prescribed. In case of violation, vitamins are taken according to the scheme (to stimulate the production of own hormones in the ovaries):
    in the first phase, vitamins B1 and B6 or a complex of vitamins of group B (Pentovit), whereas in the second phase vitamins A, E ("aevit"), ascorbic acid and folic acid.

A practical example: An 11-year-old girl with juvenile bleeding was sent to the gynecological department. Diagnosis at admission: Premature sexual development. Violation of the menstrual cycle. Juvenile bleeding. Fortunately, the patient's bleeding was not abundant, but lasted more than 10 days. Hemoglobin is reduced to 110 g / l. My colleague and I, of course, did without curettage and began to stop bleeding with symptomatic hemostasis. The treatment had no effect, so it was decided to switch to hormonal hemostasis. Against the background of Novinet's reception, by the end of the first day, the discharge practically disappeared (therapy was carried out according to the following scheme: first 4 tablets during the day, then 3 tablets, then 2 tablets, and then one before the end of the package). The girl took Novinet for three more months, no bleeding was observed either during treatment or after drug withdrawal. To date, the former patient is 15 years old, the menstrual cycle has been established, there has been no recurrence of bleeding.

Treatment of an impaired cycle in women of child-bearing age

Treatment, in principle, is similar to therapy in adolescents. In the event of bleeding, regardless of its severity, such patients are subjected to diagnostic curettage for both therapeutic purposes (surgical hemostasis) and diagnostic ones.

After the histological conclusion, hormone therapy is prescribed:

  • It can be combined oral contraceptives according to the standard scheme.
  • In the case of a defective luteal (second) phase, progesterone analogs of Duphaston or Utrogestan are assigned in the second half of the cycle, either 17-OPK or Norkolut.
  • It is necessary to replenish the circulating blood volume (colloidal solutions), antianemic therapy (see iron supplements for anemia) and symptomatic hemostasis.
  • If curettage of the uterus does not produce results, the issue of ablation (burning) of the endometrium or hysterectomy is resolved.
  • It also shows the treatment of concomitant diseases that led to a cycle disorder (hypertension - limiting salt and fluids, prescribing antihypertensive drugs, liver pathology - adherence to therapeutic nutrition, taking hepatoprotectors, etc.).
  • Failures of the menstrual cycle can cause infertility, therefore, pergonal and choriogonin (stimulate the development of active follicles) and clomiphene (stimulation of ovulation) are prescribed for the possibility of pregnancy.

Bleeding in the menopausal period

If bleeding appeared in the climacteric period, the woman must be subjected to curettage of the uterus, as such bleeding can be signs of endometrial adenocarcinoma or atypical hyperplasia. В этом случае решается вопрос о гистерэктомии (см. показания к удалению матки). После результатов гистологического исследования:

назначаются гестагены: 17-ОПК, дюфастон, Депо-провера. Возможно назначение и антиэстрогенных препаратов, таких, как даназол, 17а-этинил тестостерон, гестринон в непрерывном режиме.

It doesn’t matter at what age a violation of the menstrual cycle occurred, this pathology is only a consequence of any underlying disease, so it is necessary to identify and treat the underlying pathology, because only after removing the cause it is possible to restore the normal cycle. And, of course, it is necessary to remember about the normalization of the regime of the day and rest, good nutrition and minimizing stress. With obesity, it is often enough to normalize weight to restore the menstrual cycle. The same applies to exhausted women (in this case, shown high-calorie diet).

What is considered a delay

Menstruation normally comes in cycles. The period from one to the other usually has a constant value for each woman - from 21 days to 35. But since the body rarely works like a chronometer, changes in the cycle are possible in the direction of reduction or increase. And if in July it was 28 days, in August 29, and in September 30, such shifts are not considered a delay. These are minor fluctuations that are not worth paying attention to.

It happens that the monthly delay and for a longer period. After all, they depend on the work of not only the ovaries, uterus, but also the brain, nervous and endocrine systems, and many other parts of the body. A natural reason for the lack of menstruation may be pregnancy. But since the process of replacing the inner lining of the uterus is rather complicated, less pleasant reasons are also capable of disturbing it:

  • emotions, both positive and negative,
  • physical fatigue,
  • temperature changes in living conditions
  • eating disorders
  • diseases, including non-affecting reproductive organs,
  • taking medicines.

The permissible delay period of menstruation, during which you can just wait for them without doing anything, is 3 - 7 days. If this happens in the next cycle, you should go to the doctor, find out the exact reason. The absence of menstruation due to viral infection may be more - up to 10 days. But in this case, the reason is clear.

Causes of a cycle failure after an illness

The changes that occur in the body during infection, are sharp and significant, which manifests itself in a multitude of symptoms. The state of health worsens very quickly. And although the main manifestations of the disease relate to dysfunction of the respiratory organs and nasopharynx, the whole body suffers. Therefore, there is no doubt that the flu can affect menstruation. Infection breaks the cycle for several reasons:

What to do when you delay

The delay in menstruation with the flu should rather be relegated to the background. This problem endures several days until the condition stabilizes. A visit to the gynecologist during infection is not possible, bed rest is necessary. And it is impossible to load an organism that is already weakened by a virus with drugs to call for periods, and even those selected independently.

It is important to direct all efforts to eliminate the flu. To the appointed therapist means you can add decoctions of medicinal herbs that have an effect on the virus and the state of the reproductive organs:

  • Chamomile decoction. The plant contains antibacterial components that will help prevent the development of complications. But there are also natural hormones in it that help to activate the work of the reproductive organs. Chamomile flowers take 2 - 3 tbsp. l., poured 200 ml of boiling water, heated for 20 minutes in a water bath. The cooled tool is filtered and drunk 100 ml 3 times a day.
  • Parsley. Seasoning consumed fresh. But with the flu, any food is disgusting, and the liquid is easier to swallow. Therefore, the delay of menstruation due to the flu is eliminated simultaneously with the infection with a decoction of 3 tbsp. l parsley and 200 ml of boiling water, preparing for 10 minutes on low heat.
  • Dill. The plant has a powerful diuretic effect. With flu, it is important to eliminate intoxication. But dill can also hasten menstruation. Therefore, when the flu and at the same time delay make a decoction of 2 tbsp. l plants with 200 ml of hot water, kept for 15 minutes on the stove.
  • Ginger. Its root contains many vitamins, which is important for the flu. It also helps to get rid of toxins and spur ovarian activity. Ginger is crushed and brewed in boiling water, like tea, 3-5 minutes. You can drink a glass at a time without filtering.

Is it possible to cause monthly after illness

Delaying monthly post-flu remedial measures suggests more serious ones. But first consult with a gynecologist does not interfere. For calling menstruation, and at the same time recovering from an infection, it will be useful to drink:

  • Infusion root devyasila. This is a powerful tool, for the preparation of which 1 tsp is needed. raw materials and 200 ml of boiling water. They are kept on the fire for 15 minutes, and then, having turned it off, they are left for 4 hours. Take 4 - 5 tablespoons per day.
  • Cornflower based remedy. 2 tsp. dried flowers are placed in 200 ml of boiling water for an hour. Drink 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day.

There are also drugs that can stop the delay. But they are used only as directed by the doctor, since they are all hormonal. It:

The drugs are progesterone analogs that regulate the final part of the cycle. Influenza, finding this stage, leads to a hormone deficiency, which is why there is a delay.

We recommend to read the article on how to call monthly. From it you will learn in what cases and whether it is necessary to cause menstruation, the effectiveness of drugs and traditional medicine for the goal.

How to treat menstrual flu

It would seem that in the treatment of a viral infection, if it coincided with critical days, there should not be anything unusual. Basically, the treatment is the same as prescribed for getting rid of the flu and at a different time of the cycle:

  • antiviral "rimantadine", "Tamiflu"
  • "Paracetamol" to reduce the temperature, as well as "Ibuprofen" or "Diclofenac", relieving the feeling of body aches,
  • vasoconstrictor drops from the rhinitis "Naphthyzinum", "For the",
  • drugs that help purify the respiratory tract from sputum Ambrobene, Bronholitin,
  • antihistamines "Suprastin", "Claritin", which relieve swelling, facilitate breathing,
  • medicines to relieve inflammation in the throat - “Furacilin”, spray “Hexoral”,
  • vitamins "Undevit", "Multitabs Immuno Plus", containing ascorbic acid.

But there is also a feature in the treatment associated with menstruation. Do not churn the heat of "Aspirin" and drugs that have acetylsalicylic acid. They reduce blood clotting, which during menstruation, especially abundant, is undesirable. This can further enhance the selection, thereby worsening health. It will also be more difficult to get rid of the disease of a weakened blood loss to the body.

Viral infection is one of the cycle-changing factors. Therefore, do not be frightened if, after the flu, your menstruation came earlier, and not too late. This also happens with a different type of hormonal failure, when the amount of progesterone increases. Already in the next cycle, the process should return to normal, if there were no complications.

Concept of delay

In the normal state, menstruation is characterized by regular cycles. The cycle time for each woman is individual, can vary from 21 to 35 days. The body can not work in a static state, so changes to a smaller or larger side are possible. If the first cycle was 28 days, the second was 29, and the third was 31, doctors do not consider them to be delayed. Such changes are considered minor. Therefore, it is not necessary to focus on them.

Sometimes menstruation may be late for a longer period, which is influenced not only by the functions of the reproductive organs, but also by the state of most body systems, for example, the nervous and endocrine ones. Pregnancy is not the pathological reason for the delay. However, other conditions can affect the change in the menstrual cycle:

  • emotional turmoil (positive, negative)
  • physical exhaustion,
  • climatic conditions
  • poor nutrition,
  • various diseases, including gynecological,
  • abuse of bad habits
  • drug treatment.

The permissible delay period for which no action is required is a period from 3 to 7 days. If this condition is accompanied by more than one cycle, you need to visit the attending physician to identify the cause of the violation. With viral infection, the delay may last more than 10 days.

Causes of delay after the flu

A cold during menstruation causes various symptoms to appear. Observes a significant deterioration in well-being. Regular flu can affect menstrual flux for a number of specific factors.

  • Intoxication is a distinctive feature of a viral infection. Even in milder forms, the disease contributes to the poisoning of tissues, especially the brain, which significantly slows down the hormonal adjustment process.
  • The fight against infection is accompanied by increased stress on the immune system. There is an active production of antibodies to suppress the virus. Therefore, the capacity to maintain other functions becomes less. The load on immunity can change the time frame of the cycle and affect menstrual flow. There may be both scanty and abundant discharge, accompanied by pain, which could not be in the normal state.
  • Intoxication is accompanied by a lack of appetite, nausea, vomiting. Sometimes a woman refuses to eat at all for several days, even water intake can be complicated. This condition is considered normal for influenza - the body tries to minimize the intake of proteins into the body, preventing the development of the virus. This disrupts the process of development of the endometrium, slows its rejection.
  • The flu is quickly transformed into a bactericidal form, for the treatment of which antibiotics are used. Some resort to early treatment, although the virus is not yet susceptible to medication. However, antibiotics affect the hypothalamus, the organs responsible for the production of hormones. The process of production of substances necessary for the rejection and subsequent development of the endometrium is reduced, so the monthly can last longer than usual. Also on the menstruation reflects a general weakening of the body.
  • Increased body temperature, which is a distinctive feature of the flu. An increase in temperature occurs to suppress the virus. However, hyperthermia provokes headaches, worsening of general well-being, disrupting the functions of the pituitary, hypothalamus, ovaries.

What to do in the absence of regular monthly

With influenza, the delay goes into the background as it stabilizes after the general condition improves. A visit to the gynecologist is also excluded - the body needs strength to fight the virus. It is not recommended to overload the body, which is weakened due to the virus and medicines, by attempts to cause menstruation.

During this period, all forces should be sent to fight the flu. Medicinal decoctions, which are able to simplify the task of the immune system in suppressing the virus and improve the functions of the reproductive system, have rather strong therapeutic properties.

Chamomile has a strong anti-inflammatory, antibacterial properties, so it will help prevent the development of the disease. In addition, the plant contains hormones that improve the function of the reproductive organs. To prepare the broth will need:

  • 300 ml of water
  • 3 tbsp. l crushed plants.

The ingredients are connected, brought to a boil. After boiling, cool and strain the composition. Take 100 three times a day.

You can use parsley to fight the flu. It can be consumed fresh, but it is easier for the body to take fluids for respiratory diseases. To prepare the broth, pour two glasses of water 3 tbsp. l parsley, bring to a boil. After boiling cook for no more than 10 minutes. The resulting composition is divided into two portions, taken in the morning and evening.

Dill has a strong diuretic properties, which is important for the flu to alleviate the symptoms of intoxication, and also accelerates the onset of menstruation. Prepare a decoction of dill is quite simple, you need to connect 200 ml of boiling water with 2 tbsp. l plants. Bring the composition to a boil, use twice a day.

As part of the ginger root is a huge amount of vitamins that promote rapid recovery from the flu. This product accelerates the removal of toxins from the body, enhances the activity of the ovaries. Crushing ginger is suitable for making tea, which can be consumed 1 time per day, without straining.

Before using any popular recipes, you should consult with your doctor, because any products have certain contraindications, ignoring of which manifests itself in the form of side effects.

What to use to call menstruation

Delay, which provokes the flu, involves the use of serious measures to recover. First you need to contact a gynecologist, the survey will help to find adequate methods to call monthly. There are medicines to restore the menstrual cycle, the cessation of delays. Since they are hormonal drugs, they should be taken under the supervision of a physician. These drugs include:

Such medicines are analogues of progesterone, which is responsible for the end of the menstrual cycle. Also, to normalize the cycle, hormonal contraceptives of the type of Yarina, Jess, Janine can be used. The flu slows down the functions of the reproductive organs, causes a hormonal deficiency, so the woman is faced with delays.

To cause menstruation and help the body recover from illness, you can use simple recipes:

  • In a glass container, mix 2 cups boiling water with 1 tsp. root devyasila. Infuse 2 hours, strain. Drink daily from 4 to 5 tbsp. spoons.
  • Pour 2 tsp. Cornflower with a glass of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes. Take 1 tbsp. l three times a day.

How to treat the flu during critical days

It is not recommended to use drugs based on acetylsalicylic acid, such as Aspirin. They contribute to blood thinning, which during menstruation can cause heavy discharge, worsening the general condition. It is necessary to adhere to bed rest, abundant nutrition with light products. Also useful will be decoction of wild rose, lemon water, orange juice.

Find the right medicine will help the doctor. Vitamin complexes, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and vasoconstrictor agents are usually prescribed. It all depends on the characteristics of the course of the disease, various individual characteristics.

Influenza can affect the flow of menstruation. Therefore, a delay during a viral infection is quite normal. It is important to remember that treating a cold for menstruation is needed differently than on ordinary days. The cycle should be normalized after recovery, if this did not happen, it is better to consult a doctor.

General information

In a certain period of life, a violation of the cycle occurred, probably, in every woman. Monthly disturbancewhich many ladies are accustomed to consider something trivial, in fact, are a signal of problems with women's health.

What is the NMC in gynecology? This is a disturbed menstrual cycle that occurs with women at different periods of their life.

Irregular menstruation - delays or a shorter cycle indicate violations of a woman’s physical or mental condition. The monthly cycle is a kind of biological body clock. Failure of their rhythm should alert and cause a visit to the doctor so that the diseases are detected in a timely manner. Below we will discuss why the menstrual cycle fails, and what a woman should do in this situation.

What is the menstrual cycle

It is important to clearly know what is the cycle of menstruation in women, and what should be the normal menstrual function.

Menarche, that is, the first menstruation, in girls occur in the period from 12 to 14 years. At what age girls start their periods, depends on their stay. The south a teenager lives, the earlier menarche occurs. It is important for parents to watch when girls start their periods to understand whether the body is developing normally.

At the age of 45 to 55 years, the menstrual period ends. This period is called premenopausal.

In the period of menstruation, the functional layer of the uterine mucosa is rejected as a result of a decrease in production. progesterone in the body. The monthly cycle of a woman is divided into three phases.

  • 1 phase, follicular, characterized by production estrogenunder the influence of which ripen follicles. Of all the follicles, the dominant follicle is subsequently released, from which a mature egg leaves later.
  • 2 phaseThe menstrual cycle is the shortest phase that lasts for about 1 day. At this time, the follicle is broken, and the egg leaves it. It is important to understand, speaking of what distinguishes the second phase of the menstrual cycle, that this is the time when the egg is ready for fertilization. This is the fertile phase, when conception may occur.
  • 3 phase, luteal - the period when the synthesis begins progesterone the corpus luteum, arising on the site of a ruptured follicle. Progesterone provides endometrial preparation for the subsequent implantation of a fertilized egg. But if there was no conception, there is a gradual death of the corpus luteum, the production of progesterone decreases, and the endometrium gradually rejects, that is, menstruation begins.

If progesterone deficiency is noted, estrogen production is reactivated, and the cycle repeats. For convenience of perception, the phase diagram is useful by day, where all phases of the cycle are marked and how these phases are called.

Thus, the menstrual cycle is a cyclical change that occurs after a certain period of time. The duration of the normal cycle should be from 21 to 35 days. If there is a deviation in a certain direction for 3-5 days, this cannot be considered pathology. However, if there are more significant shifts, then the woman should be alerted by why the monthly cycle is shorter or it becomes longer.

If a woman has a normal menstruation cycle, how many days the menstruation lasts is a purely individual indicator. The norm of the duration of monthly - from three to seven days. It is important to consider, paying attention to the duration that this condition should not be a very difficult period for a woman. Indeed, an important characteristic is not only the rate of duration, but also the fact that menstruation should not deliver very strong discomfort. During this period, there is a loss of about 100-140 ml of blood. If there is abundant blood loss, or the woman notices that the rate of delay is violated, it is important to immediately contact a gynecologist.

Regulation of the cycle occurs on 5 levels.

Causes of menstruation disorders

In fact, the causes of violations of the cycle of menstruation are very diverse, and there are many. Conventionally, the causes of menstrual dysfunction can be divided into three groups:

  • First- these are external factors that affect the normal cycle. That is, etiological factors affect the cerebral cortex. A woman may note that the cycle has decreased or, on the contrary, it is longer if she abruptly changed the climate, remained in a state of prolonged stress, “sat down” on a rigid diet, etc.
  • The second- a consequence of pathological conditions concerning not only the reproductive system, but also the organism as a whole. Thus, the causes of failure of the menstrual cycle after 40 years are often associated with the onset of menopause. However, it is possible that the causes of failure of the menstrual cycle after 40 years are due to the presence of health problems in a middle-aged woman.
  • Third- The influence of drugs. Often the answer to the question of why the menstrual cycle fails is treatment with a number of drugs. A delay or other failure is possible both after the start of taking certain drugs, and after their cancellation. We are talking about hormonal contraceptives, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents, glucocorticoids, etc.

Factors associated with pathological conditions

  • Ovarian pathologies - it is a violation of the connection between the ovaries and pituitary gland, cancer of the ovaries, drug stimulation of ovulation, insufficiency of the second phase of the cycle. Also, irregular periods associated with pathology of the ovaries may be the result of negative occupational effects, radiation, vibration, chemical effects. The causes of the irregular cycle of menstruation may be associated with surgical interventions on the ovaries, injuries of the urogenital organs, etc.
  • Impaired interaction between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland - an irregular cycle may be associated with too active or insufficient release of gonadotropic hormones and releasing factors. Cycle disorders sometimes result from a pituitary or brain tumor, hemorrhage in the pituitary gland, or necrosis.
  • Endometriosis - If a woman develops endometriosis, both genital and extragenital, the hormonal nature of this disease leads to an imbalance of hormones.
  • Disruption of blood clotting- hemophilia, other genetic pathologies.
  • Scraping the uterus- The endometrium is damaged if curettage is performed after abortion or for the purpose of treatment. As a result, complications may develop - inflammation of the uterus and appendages. Irregular periods after childbirth are also noted.
  • Diseases of the liver and gallbladder.
  • The appearance of hormone-dependent tumors - Oncological processes in the uterus, adrenal glands, mammary gland, thyroid gland.
  • Endometritischronic - there is no formation of a full endometrium.
  • Polyps mucous uterus.
  • Sharp "jumps" of body weight - both weight loss and obesity provokes irregular periods in adolescents and in adult women, since adipose tissue produces estrogens.
  • Infectious diseases - may have a negative effect on the ovaries. Moreover, to provoke the failure of menstruation can as infections that were transferred in childhood (for example, chickenpox or rubella) and genital infections.
  • The presence of uterine abnormalities - septum in the uterus, sexual infantilism, etc.
  • Endocrine pathology - Often associated with her causes irregular menstruation after 40 years.
  • Pathology of the uterus- tumors, hyperplasia.
  • Mental illness- epilepsy, schizophrenia and etc.
  • Arterial hypertension.
  • Having bad habits.
  • Vitamin deficiency, hypovitaminosis.
  • Chromosomal abnormalities.

What to do with a particular health problem, and how to normalize the cycle, will tell the gynecologist, who must be visited if the monthly "lost".

How can a cycle violation occur?

Violation of the cycle should be considered a variety of changes in its length. At the same time, both changes in the duration of the cycle (irregular, rare, frequent monthly periods) and disturbances in the nature of menstruation are possible.

  • Amenorrhea- monthly absent for six months or more. At primary amenorrhea violations are noted from the moment when the onset of the menstrual period in girls, with the secondary - violations appeared after a certain period of normal cycles.
  • Oligomenorrhea menstruation occurs once every few months (3-4). After 45 years, such manifestations may be associated with menopause.
  • Opsomenorea- meager monthly, lasting no more than 1-2 days.
  • Polymenorrhea- prolonged menstruation (more than 7 days) with a normal cycle.
  • Hyperpolymenorrhea- abundant discharge is noted, but the cycle is normal.
  • Menorrhagia- Abundant and prolonged menstruation (more than 10 days).
  • Metrorrhagia- irregular appearance of bleeding, sometimes they may appear in the middle of the cycle.
  • Promenorrhea- frequent menstruation, in which the cycle is less than three weeks.
  • Algomenorea- very painful periods, in which a woman becomes disabled. Algomenorrhea can also be primary and secondary.
  • Dysmenorrhea- so called any violations of the cycle, in which there is pain during menstruation and unpleasant autonomic disorders: headaches, unstable mood, vomiting and nausea, etc.

The reason for frequent periods, as well as other disorders described above, may be associated with a variety of pathologies. A woman should be alerted by any violations. For example, menstruation is very frequent after 40 years may indicate the development of serious diseases.

Violation of the cycle in adolescents

Often, cycle disorders are observed in adolescents when menstruation occurs. This phenomenon is due to physiological reasons. In girls, hormonal background is becoming established, and both the causes of the short cycle of menstruation and the causes of delays are associated with this. In adolescents, the duration of the cycle may be different each time.

The process of formation can continue for 1-2 years. But the girl should clearly know how to count the duration of the monthly cycle, in order to track how many days the cycle lasts and whether its gradual formation occurs. This is important not only for those who already have sex, but also for girls who need to know the duration of the cycle and for hygiene purposes, and to keep track of their state of health. Mom must necessarily explain to her daughter how to correctly consider the cycle of menstruation. An example of such a calculation is also important for a teenager.

The following pathological factors affect the regularity of menstruation in adolescents:

  • infections of the brain and membranes
  • traumatic brain injury
  • vegetative dystonia,
  • frequent colds
  • genital infections
  • sclerocystic ovaries.

The fact that young girls practice hard diets also has a negative effect on the formation of the monthly cycle, as a result of which not only excessive weight loss is noted, but also hypovitaminosis and violation of menstruation.

Interestingly, the regularity of menstruation is influenced by the peculiarities of the character of adolescents.

Doctors identify several important factors that can influence the formation of the cycle:

  • early sexual activity, erratic contact,
  • abnormalities of the reproductive system,
  • the presence of bad habits.

Due to an abnormal menstrual cycle, a so-called juvenile uterine bleeding. This condition is characterized by prolonged periods. As a rule, long and abundant periods last more than a week. This leads to anemiaand a serious deterioration in the condition of a teenager. As a rule, the causes of long periods are associated either with moral stress or infections.

Disrupted cycle during premenopause

During the period menopause, which in women begins in the period from 45 to 55 years, not only the cycle is disturbed, but also vegetative-vascular symptoms, disturbances of metabolic processes, and psycho-emotional instability are noted.

The menstrual cycle in the premenopausal period is lost due to the gradual extinction of the reproductive function. The production of gonadotropins at the level of the pituitary gland is upset, as a result of which the maturation of the follicles in the gonads is impaired. During menopause, luteal insufficiency is observed against the background of hyperestrogenia. As a result, pathological changes occur in the endometrium in both phases of the cycle. A woman has both cyclic and acyclic bleeding due to the development of endometrial hyperplasia.

Provided that after 40 years of menstruation, women have become rare and irregular, or are suffering from acyclic hemorrhages, this is most likely evidence of premature depletion of the ovaries. Why the cycle is changing, the doctor must determine. At early manifestations of menopause, hormone replacement therapy is required.

Disorders due to hormonal medication

If a woman accepts contraceptiveprobably the manifestation of intermenstrual bleeding in the first three months of use. Such bleeding should be considered the norm, because at first the body is rebuilt on the fact that it receives hormones, and suppresses the production of its own hormones. But if acyclic bleeding manifests itself longer than three months, or the menstrual periods do not end too long when taking contraceptives, it is likely that the drug was chosen incorrectly - perhaps the woman gets too high or a low dose of hormones.

When using contraceptives may develop algomenorrhea. Uterine bleeding with a high probability may occur if a woman uses emergency contraceptive products. The fact is that they contain a very large dose of hormones. Therefore, these tools can not be used more often than once a year.

The development of amenorrhea is observed on the background of the use of injections. progestins prolonged action, progestin drugs. therefore progestinsoften prescribed to women in premenopausal age, as well as to patients with endometriosis - if necessary, induce artificial menopause.

If the cycle is broken, the normalization of the menstrual cycle in women is carried out taking into account the reason for which it occurred. Also, in order to normalize the cycle, the doctor takes into account the age of the woman, clinical symptoms, the presence of disease. Only after this pills are appointed for normalization, vitamin therapy (vitamin E and etc.).

Treatment of monthly disorders in adolescents

If the teenage girl has a broken menstrual cycle, and the condition is complicated by juvenile bleeding, two-stage therapy is performed.

At the first stage, hemostasis is carried out with hormonal preparations; hemostatic pills are used for bleeding - Vikasol, Dicynon, aminocaproic acid.

With prolonged severe bleeding, when the girl is worried about weakness, dizziness, and at the same time she has lowered hemoglobin (up to 70 g / l), the doctor makes a decision about curettage. Next, conduct a histological examination of scraping.

Also, if necessary, conduct antianemic therapy (blood transfusion, red blood cell mass, infukol, reopolyglukine). Iron preparations are also prescribed in the treatment regimen.

A teenager is prescribed hormonal drugs for a period not exceeding three months. Treatment of anemia lasts until hemoglobin levels rise to normal.

If the disorder in the process of the formation of the cycle is not complicated, the girl is prescribed vitamin therapy by the phases of the cycle. Vitamins in this case are used according to a specific scheme to stimulate the production of hormones in the ovaries. Cyclic vitamin therapy provides that in the first phase a woman takes vitamin B complex or vitamins B1 and B6. In the second phase, the girl is shown folic acid, vitamin C, and vitamins A,E.

Treatment of cycle disorders in women of childbearing age

Treatment of the menstrual cycle in this case is similar to the treatment of such disorders in adolescents. Both at the age of twenty and the treatment of a menstruation cycle disorder in 40 years with bleeding is carried out by curettage. It is carried out for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

Next comes hormone therapy. Assigned to combined oral contraceptives, which are used in the usual way. If the second (luteal) phase is defective, progesterone analogues are prescribed. Utrozhestanor Duphaston, they need to be taken in the second phase of the cycle. Reception is also possible. 17-OPK, Norkolut.

It is important to fill the volume of circulating blood, for which use colloidal solutions. Also practiced antianemic treatment, symptomatic hemostasis. Provided that the scraping did not work, the doctor may decide to hysterectomy or ablation (burning out) of the endometrium.

It is also important to properly treat those associated diseases that could trigger a cycle disorder. So, in case of hypertension it is important to take prescribed medications, limit salt intake, as well as fluids. When liver pathology should follow the correct diet, take hepatoprotectors.

Some women also practice folk remedies. However, such methods need to be practiced very carefully, because without consulting a doctor there is a risk of missing a serious pathology. And even a violation of the menstruation cycle after 45 years, perceived by a woman as the beginning of menopause, is the basis for seeking medical attention.

Since cycle failures can cause infertilitywomen of child-bearing age, if necessary, appoint Horiogonin and Pergonal- drugs to stimulate the development of active follicles. In order to stimulate ovulation should be taken Clomiphene.

Bleeding during menopause

When bleeding in the period of menopause, the patient must prescribe a curettage of the uterus. Indeed, bleeding can indicate serious pathologies, in particular the development of atypical hyperplasia or endometrial adenocarcinomas. Sometimes a doctor may decide hysterectomy.

Sometimes the patient during the period of menopause prescribe medication gestageny: Depo Provera, Duphaston, 17-OPK.

In the course of treatment, anti-estrogen drugs can also be prescribed. Danazol, Gestrinon, 17a-ethinyl testosterone.

In case of violation of menstruation, the question of how to restore the cycle of menstruation, it is necessary to immediately solve a woman of any age. Those who are interested in how to restore the menstruation cycle with folk remedies should remember that such manifestations are only a symptom of the underlying disease that must be properly treated according to the scheme prescribed by a specialist.

It is not always necessary to take hormone pills to restore menstruation to eliminate such problems. Sometimes a woman, for whom the question of how to restore the menstrual cycle without hormones, is relevant, even helps to change the day regimen and dietary habits. For example, women with obesity, helps normalize weight. And those who practice very strict diets, it is enough to increase the caloric intake and overcome depletion of the body. In any case, in case of “malfunctions” of the cycle, it is important for both young girls and women with menopause to consult a gynecologist, who will tell you how to act.

What is menstruation and the causes of failure in its occurrence. Loop recovery methods

During the period of menstruation, each woman must adjust their daily routine in accordance with the sensations. Sometimes this monthly period may be accompanied by a certain discomfort, the appearance of pain, disorders of psycho-emotional sphere. Women have to change their habits and deny themselves to visit the pool or take a warm bath.

That is why this period is characterized for a woman by constant inconveniences that continue until the onset of menopausal changes in the body.But in the onset of the menstrual cycle there are also positive aspects. The most striking example for this is the onset of pregnancy.

How is the process of menstruation

The process of excretion of menstrual blood is a consequence of rejection of the intrauterine endometrium, which occurs due to the lack of fertilization. In the process of maturation of the egg within the uterine space, the endometrium grows, which is intended to become a definite ground for the future embryo. The uterus itself is filled with blood to provide the future embryo with everything necessary for the beginning of natural development. If the released egg does not undergo fertilization, pregnancy does not occur and the mature egg dies, then this is followed by its rejection.

The female body begins to remove the accumulated excess epithelium from the uterus along with the dead egg. It is because of this composition that menstrual blood does not clot and differs from the usual dark color.

The presence of menstrual flow of a monthly nature is a guarantee of regulation of metabolic processes in the body. Cycle regulation is a guaranteed possibility of pregnancy or the possibility of avoiding an unplanned pregnancy. Most women believe that lack of menstrual flow is a sign of pregnancy or changes during lactation. But the delay of menstruation can also mean the development of pathological processes in a woman’s body. To say exactly what caused the delay of menstruation, can only be a specialist, after certain diagnostic measures.

The uterus is filled with blood to provide the egg with the necessary nutrition.

Causes of delay

Any deviation from the norm in the menstrual cycle always causes suspicion in a woman. This makes it difficult to determine the time of onset of ovulation, and may cause unplanned pregnancy. Delay of menstruation can introduce a woman to depression, since during this period it is impossible to introduce an active sex life without fear of getting pregnant.

It is difficult for a woman to properly plan her daily routine, since menstruation can start suddenly.

All specialists in the field of gynecology agree in one opinion that the delay of the menstrual cycle does not carry any load on the body, if it does not exceed the interval of five days.

If such an irregularity is a one-time occurrence, then it can be triggered by:

  1. The presence of stress or various disorders of the nervous system.
  2. The appearance of colds, flu or the presence of rotavirus seasonal infection.
  3. The delay can be triggered by taking hormone-containing drugs.
  4. Sometimes, taking antidepressants can cause a delayed menstruation.
  5. When a woman's body is depleted by strict diets, and it lacks nutrients, it stops working at the right pace and changes in the reproductive system can manifest. Such changes are expressed in the delay of menstruation.
  6. The presence of sexually transmitted infections.
  7. In the postpartum period, various changes are noted in the woman’s body. Which can provoke the appearance of pathological processes or neoplasms, even if such violations were not noted before the birth.

Prolonged absence of menstruation requires an immediate appeal to a specialist who normalizes the general condition of the body, and tells you how to restore the menstrual cycle.

Hormone-containing drugs affect cycle regularity.

How to restore a cycle?

With such violations, each woman is looking for methods aimed at restoring the menstrual cycle after their long absence. But at the beginning of recovery operations, it is necessary to pay attention to the situation around and try to identify the cause of the delay:

  • If there is a permanent violation in the psychoemotional sphere, quarrels and problems in the family, then urgent measures should be taken to eliminate them.
  • If a woman takes a new pill that she hasn’t taken before, then you should consult a specialist. Taking this group of drugs has an impact on the cycle.
  • The cycle is fully restored, in the absence of pathological processes in the body, if you have a regular sex life.
  • In the absence of proper nutrition, and irregular intake of vitamins, there may be a failure in the menstrual cycle. Similar failures are regulated by change of a day regimen and food.
  • Malfunctions in the menstrual cycle can go away if you do not self-medicate and visit experienced gynecology specialists. Self-prescribed pills can harm and trigger the development of pathological processes, so if a delay occurs, a woman needs to see a doctor.

Healthy food will help to restore the regularity of the monthly

Cycle violation after childbirth

If a failure in the menstrual cycle is observed in a woman after childbirth, then such a failure should be monitored by the attending gynecologist. During pregnancy, during childbirth, and during lactation after birth, the entire reproductive system of the female body undergoes serious changes.

Therefore, the failure of menstruation after birth is not uncommon. A recovery cycle requires more serious effort than in the period before birth.

In order to fully restore the body after childbirth and to normalize the failure in the menstrual cycle, a woman must carefully monitor possible deviations. It is necessary to pass tests for prolactin and check the thyroid gland for changes. You should carefully listen to your body after childbirth and visit the gynecologist, until the complete elimination of violations in the cycle.

People's councils to help

The use of traditional medicine is aimed at establishing and maintaining the natural protective functions of the body. The right combination of traditional medicine and drug therapy, which can only be prescribed by a specialist, helps to normalize the regularity of the menstrual cycle. And also this treatment helps to saturate the body with essential vitamins and minerals.

Ensuring the regularity of the menstrual cycle helps the normalization of nutrition and lifestyle. It should be eaten more greens and fruits, begin to engage in any mobile sport.

Why do monthly periods get off

The causes of menstrual disorders are many. In adolescence and premenopausal disorders, it is explained by hormonal fluctuations. In adult girls and women, irregular periods can be triggered by factors such as:

  • Tight diet.
  • Overweight.
  • Inflammatory diseases.
  • Low stress tolerance.
  • Change of climate zone.
  • Excessive exercise.
  • Use of oral contraceptives.
  • Diseases of the thyroid gland.
  • Endometriosis and cancer of the uterus / ovary.

Deviations of the menstrual cycle from the norm can have a physiological nature. During pregnancy, critical days, as a rule, do not come. But there are exceptions when the expectant mother continues to go monthly. Also, the cycle is unstable during lactation.

If a woman is pregnant, breastfeeding or stays in menopause, do not worry. “Wrong” periods are considered the norm here, as in adolescent girls. In other cases, you must visit a gynecologist, be examined and determine the cause of the anomaly.

The body functions correctly in the absence of nutrient deficiencies. A balanced diet containing vegetable oils, polyunsaturated fatty acids, fruits, vegetables, greens and sea fish will help the woman to return monthly.

Ways to restore the menstrual cycle

To self-medicate if the lost periods are strictly prohibited. The reproductive system of women is difficult. It is assigned not only the reproductive function, but also the responsibility for the state of the organism as a whole.

If you let the situation take its course, you can cause irreparable harm to your own health. The gynecologist will be able to understand why the patient’s critical days have disappeared thanks to the diagnosis:

  1. Inspection of the genitals on the chair.
  2. Analysis of vaginal secretions (swab).
  3. Ultrasound of the pelvic organs.

If the menstrual period stopped on the background of pregnancy or lactation, no action is needed. The cycle at the right time settles itself.

A patient in menopause may be prescribed a course of hormone replacement therapy. If the deviation is due to infectious-inflammatory processes in the genital area, first of all, they should be treated with antibacterial drugs. The cycle is normalized after inflammation is relieved.

Sometimes the menstruation schedule gets off due to taking certain medicines. In this case, the drug or replace, or adjust the regimen. If the cycle is strayed after a sore throat, ARVI, flu, you can use medicinal herbs to adjust the bleeding.

Stressful situations and hard work can also affect the rhythm of menstruation. In order to prevent the complete cessation of menstruation, it is recommended that a woman eliminate the causes of stress, reschedule her daily routine so that more time remains for proper rest. It will be useful to rest at the resort.

If overwork and instability of the menstrual cycle caused by hard work, you need to change the scope of activities. Athlete should adjust the training regime.

If the cycle is broken due to a rigid diet, a nutritionist or nutritionist will tell you how to restore periods after losing weight.

Nutritionist consultation

Eating is necessary so that the body does not feel the lack of fat, protein, carbohydrates and other nutrients. The daily menu should be light, hearty and fortified. Instead of fatty and spicy food you need to eat dairy dishes, soups and cereals.

The revision of food habits must necessarily be supported by positive changes in the psycho-emotional state. If the body is depleted due to anorexia nervosa, the woman may need advice from a professional psychologist.

If menstruation is impaired on the basis of obesity, the recommendations are the same as in the case of excessive weight loss. Only the girl will still require moderate exercise.

Drug therapy

The appointment of drugs to restore the normal menstrual cycle is a gynecologist. Focusing on the clinical picture, the specialist prescribes the following types of drugs to the patient:

  1. With artificial hormones.
  2. With phytohormones.

The first group includes Cyclo-Proginova, Kliogest and Divitren.

The first medication compensates for the estrogen deficiency, improves endometrial regeneration and its perception of the effects of progesterone. The second agent contains equal doses of estrogen and progesterone. Hormones normalize the cycle, prevent uterine bleeding and alleviate the symptoms of menopause.

Also, when menopause with menstrual irregularities, Divitren is widely used. Its components mimic the body's natural hormonal activity. The tool prevents the development of the process of malignancy and endometrial hyperplasia.

The series of preparations containing phytohormones includes:

  • Feminal - solves the problem of PMS and acyclic bleeding, improves well-being during menopause and normalizes the monthly course of menstruation.
  • Besser Alter - a tool based on Altai herbs. Improves the function of appendages, eliminates hot flashes and irritation. To restore reproductive function, Besser Alter can be taken in premenopause, menopause and postmenopause.
  • Estrovel - BAA corrects the menstrual cycle, rebuilds the hormonal status in the right way, improves well-being in PMS.

In case of heavy periods, Dicionon and Vikasol are recommended (these are hemostatic agents) and iron preparations for the prevention of anemia, for example, Tardiferon.

Vitamins and medicines with herbal ingredients are good for restoring the menstrual cycle only in cases where the treatment can be carried out without hormones. But even phyto-tablets and drops should be taken under the supervision of a physician and with the obligatory observance of the regimen and doses of therapy.

Folk recipes for the restoration of menstruation

How to restore the cycle of menstruation without medication, you can read in brochures with folk recipes. Herbs will be used to heal the reproductive system. They show a high effect only with regular use.

Popular in gynecology grass is boron uterus.

The plant is dried and in the amount of 1 tbsp. l pour boiling water, then tormented for 20 minutes in a water bath and insist 3 hours. Next, the drug is filtered and taken 4 times a day for 1 tbsp. l The minimum duration of treatment is 20 days.

To adjust the cyclical nature of menstruation using folk remedies is possible in another way:

  1. Bay leaf. Open the 10 g package and rinse the contents with boiling water (400 ml). Boil the composition on a quiet fire for 5 minutes. Do not close the dishes. Pour the liquid into a thermos and keep it there for 3 hours. Take a healthy drink before eating ¼ cup. The whole volume must be drunk before the end of the day.
  2. Sagebrush. Pour boiling water over the grass in the ratio of 1/3 tbsp. l phyto raw materials for 1 cup boiling water. Insist the drug for 4 hours and take 4 p. per day for ¼ cup. Abuse wormwood can not.
  3. Horseradish. From the root squeeze the juice and drink 1 tsp. 2 - 3 times a day. Be sure to drink water.
  4. Water pepper 200 g of raw materials pour 1 glass of vodka and maintain the tincture for 3 weeks. From the 22nd day take the tincture three times a day, 15 drops.
  5. Mint and parsley. The leaves are combined in a ratio of 1: 3. For the amount of collecting 3 g take half a liter of boiling water. The composition is allowed to boil and boil it for 15 minutes, then cooled and filtered. Drink decoction 2 times a day.
  6. Cuff ordinary. 2 tablespoons chopped herbs insist 2 hours in 1 liter of boiled water. Boil the composition for 20 minutes, strain and pour into the bath. The overall water temperature should be between 36 and 37 ° C. Therapeutic baths should be taken at bedtime for 2 weeks.
  7. Oregano. Oregano infusions are tasty, fragrant and healthy. Some herbs can be added to regular tea and sweetened with honey.
  8. Linden. Flowers recommended to collect in July. Infusions strengthen the immune system, improve metabolic processes.
  9. Sage. Grass brewed as tea and drink. It is useful for the female reproductive system.
  10. Parsley. Fragrant herb restores both women's health and male potency. It is added to meat and fish dishes, sauces and salads.

The most effective herb for the restoration of menstruation is wormwood. Raw materials with a red stem can delay menstruation. Light green grass normalizes the cycle and regulates the intensity and duration of bleeding.

The choice of folk remedies should be approached very responsibly, because some methods are dangerous to life. It is impossible to use tansy, iodine with milk / sugar and large doses of vitamin C to call for periods. It is better to entrust the restoration of reproductive function to an experienced doctor.

Surgical methods

If medicines and healers do not cope with the task, how to return the monthly is to be found out with a gynecologist-surgeon.

If the impairment of the cycle is associated with changes in the endometrial functional layer, the patient will be scraped. Laparotomy is prescribed for extensive tumors. In the presence of submucous fibromyomas, hystero- and laparoscopic operations are indicated.

Physical exercise

To do without hormonal drugs and to return the normal cycle of menstruation will allow moderate exercise. A beneficial effect on the female body is walking, yoga, athletics, dancing, swimming.

In order for the body to naturally adjust the hormones it is necessary to have a full sex life. Women's well-being and mood after sex are improved by excreting oxytocin, enkephalins and endorphins.

If the cycle is lost, heat procedures will help to adjust it. For example, you can make foot baths with essential oils. Massage and breathing exercises will be useful for recuperation after overwork.

Meals with disturbed menstruation should be fractional (up to 6 times per day in small portions). Interval between meals - 3 hours. In the morning, it is better to consume carbohydrate foods. Dinner will be scanty. To maintain the cycle is useful to eat dark chocolate. It is rich in natural flavonoids.

Can there be a delay in menstruation due to a cold or flu

Menstruation is a regular change that occurs in the female reproductive organs at the same time.

Its main biological goal is to prepare the woman’s body for the period of pregnancy. In fact, this process is very complicated.

It involves very many systems of the body, including both the sex organs and the system of hormone production, and even the brain.

What can cause a delay

It is the pattern of the formation of the menstrual cycle that causes its delay. Therefore, any deviation from it can lead to violations. And only one of them is a reason for joy - the desired pregnancy.

All the others may indicate that something not very good is happening to the female body. If the delay has no explanation, then this is already a cause for concern.

Therefore, some women are experiencing whether there may be a delay due to a cold.

Для своевременной замены тканей репродуктивных органов, которая и является менструацией, необходим комплекс из реакций биологического и химического характера. Малейший сбой приводит к задержке. One reason for this may be a viral infection. Therefore, the answer to the question of whether the menstruation may be delayed due to a cold will be positive.

In fact, on the eve of menstruation, the chances of catching an infection are increasing. The reason for this is the weakening of immunity in preparation for this process.

The delay of menstruation during a cold is caused by the fact that the microorganisms that cause this disease have a negative effect on the brain regions that regulate the activity of hormones in a woman's body.

The most involved in the process of menstruation are the two sections of the brain that regulate the production of special hormones, which set the cyclical nature of menstruation. Accordingly, if they are not sufficiently developed, then the menstrual cycle also fails.

The delay of menstruation due to a cold is the result of a stressful situation, which is the disease. Also, there is often a delay in menstruation after the flu. As a result of the influence of these viruses and other microorganisms on the reproduction system, the brain and the immune system as a whole, there is a failure in the monthly schedule, as well as their atypical intensity or unusual duration.

Also, when a question arises as to whether there can be a delay in menstruation with a cold, it must be remembered that even used medications can affect this process. Especially in this regard, different antibiotics. They have such a strong effect on the body that they often cause a delay in menstruation, affecting most body systems.

How can menstruation flow during a cold

To fully understand the effect of the disease on the monthly cycle, it is necessary not only to know whether there can be a delay in menstruation due to a cold, but also to have information about the possible differences of this process.

After all, a viral infection very rarely passes completely without a trace.

Often the consequence of this is poisoning the body with toxins, psychological stress and the need to take medications.

They may differ in different parameters. The most common are:

  • Increased pain. Toxins act on the nerve endings, making them more sensitive and enhancing the sensations that arise when the uterus contracts.
  • The appearance in the discharge of small blood clots and darkening. This is caused by an elevated temperature, which results in high viscosity and blood clotting. Therefore, the selection may even have a brown color.
  • Duration During a cold, menstruation can last up to a week or more. The intensity of this depends on the individual characteristics of an individual woman.
  • The appearance of spotting at the beginning and end of menstruation. This is caused by uneven tissue detachment.

During menstruation with a cold disease also depends on the attitude of the woman towards herself. So, if she does not comply with bed rest and continues to lead a normal life, then the stress for the body will increase. And this means that the nature of menstruation will also change.

It is said that a cold affects not only the process itself, but also the premenstrual syndrome that precedes it. This is expressed in the tightening of its manifestations. So, under normal circumstances, the symptoms subside at the onset of critical days. In the case of a disease, drowsiness, swelling, fatigue, nagging pains and other unpleasant sensations last a little longer.

When consultation of the gynecologist is necessary

With a delay, you should not panic. The reasons for this may be different. The main thing that needs to be done is to buy a pregnancy test if the woman has an active sex life.

If the pregnancy is not confirmed, there may be a delay in menstruation due to a cold or flu. As a rule, the problem is quickly resolved, and the cycle returns to normal. When the delay in discharge is more than a week, consultation of a specialist is required.

It will be possible to establish the exact cause of the failure of the menstrual cycle after:

  • visual examination in a gynecological chair,
  • testing for hidden infections (smears are taken from the walls of the vagina, cervix and cervical canal),
  • passage of ultrasound (will allow you to recreate a more detailed picture of the state of the pelvic organs).

After that, the doctor will tell you if there may be a delay in menstruation due to the flu or there was another reason. It may be necessary to consult a general practitioner for a more accurate diagnosis.

Recommendations gynecologist failure of the menstrual cycle

When women's health problems appear, it is recommended to use vitamins and minerals to strengthen the immune system. To a greater extent, infection with influenza and ARVI is due to the weakening of the protective reaction of the body. If the failure of the menstrual cycle is associated with a low level of production of peptide and gonadotropic hormones, the doctor will prescribe hormonal drugs.

If the delay due to a cold is accompanied by such signs of premenstrual illness as outbursts of anger, irritability, tearfulness, nervousness, you can take light sedatives of plant origin (medicines from mint, valerian, motherwort).

When a cold can affect menstruation, it is recommended to provide a woman with maximum rest. No need to endure the disease "on the feet", especially there is a fever. It is better to sit at home a few days. Will help:

  • abundant warm drink (tea with lemon, chamomile infusion, rosehip with honey),
  • high-quality fortified food, including fresh fruits and vegetables,
  • the absence of stress and experiences at the slightest reason,
  • a walk in the fresh air in good weather, which will improve circulation and general well-being,
  • a positive attitude towards recovery, which can be ensured by supporting loved ones and doing things you love.

It is recommended to refrain from excessive physical exertion. However, completely depriving yourself of physical activity is not worth it. Calm exercises of physical therapy with stretching elements, aimed at improving the blood circulation of the reproductive system of a woman, are suitable.

Orvi and periods: fever, runny nose and delay

In the period of cold and flu the body weakens, which affects the work of all systems. SARS during menstruation can cause a delay and a change in the nature of the discharge. We will talk in more detail about what happens in the body during a cold and how ARVI and menstruation are interrelated.

ARVI affects the nature of monthly

How does menstruation depend on the disease?

It is known that many factors can cause a delay and affect the normal flow of menstruation. In addition to pregnancy, it can be:

  • Stress,
  • Exercise,
  • Ovarian dysfunction,
  • Climate change
  • Overweight problems
  • Intoxication,
  • Bad heredity.

SARS and menstruation are also interrelated. Cyclic changes are directly related to the release of hormones and changes in the epidermal layer. Once in the body, the virus poisons us with toxins and prevents hormones from secreting and being replaced by the epidermis in time. Such delays may be associated, as with severe flu, a temperature of 39-39.5 degrees, and the common cold.

In such cases, gynecologists recommend first of all treating acute respiratory viral infections and then fixing the menstrual periods by contacting your doctor after an examination.

How does general weakness affect the cycle?

With a cold or severe manifestations of ARVI, hormonal disruption is inevitable, and, consequently, problems with menstruation. This is due to the impact on the hypothalamus, which reacts extremely negatively to an infection that has entered the body.

Temperature can change the nature of the discharge.

Menstruation with a cold can change their appearance, they mean the discharge itself, especially if you have a fever and a runny nose.

Another problem for many women is the delay in menstruation after ARVI. Usually this is due to the fact that during the period of illness the necessary hormones were not released.

If a woman has had an infection, then ovulation is delayed along with her period..

It is important that the delay period should not exceed more than a week. Otherwise, you need to do a pregnancy test or visit your gynecologist to be examined. Delay may indicate serious health problems, so do not be careless about this.

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How is menstruation after an illness?

Despite the delays, the monthly will still begin. But, their appearance and the nature of the flow of the menstruation period may differ markedly from what it was before. A woman needs to be prepared for this and not be frightened by the non-typical behavior of her body. We will list the main parameters that may change.

The first thing that scares women is a change in the nature of the discharge. After a cold, they can get smearing. Moreover, after suffering a severe form of influenza, spotting may become a new norm, which is associated with hormonal disruption in the body. This appearance of discharge is explained by the fact that the epidermis is not evenly exfoliated.

The second factor is the duration of menstruation. According to the norm, they should last no more than a week, however, due to the impact on the body of the disease, this period may increase significantly. Allocation occurs abundantly far from all, so their intensity may also differ from normal.

Menstruation becomes more painful.

More painful process. If earlier the girl did not feel strong discomfort during menstruation, now, because of the toxins that affected the nerve endings, uterine contractions will be more tangible and painful.

Highlight color. In case of illness with a high temperature, dark brown discharge with mucus and clots is possible. Do not be afraid of this. This appearance of discharge due to the fact that due to the transferred high temperature, the blood coagulated inside the body, because of which the clots and acquired such an appearance.

It is important to note that changes in the menstrual cycle and its features directly depend on how the woman treats ARVI, is on the sick-list or continues to work. The transfer of the disease on the legs causes even more stress in the body, which in the future will negatively affect the work of the excretory system during menstruation.

Why do ARVI and menstruation occur simultaneously?

It sometimes happens that a cold catches up with a woman exactly at the time when her period has already begun. This is not surprising, because during menstruation, the immune system of the body is noticeably reduced and it becomes more vulnerable to viruses and external stimuli.

Menstruation reduces immunity.

Protective antibodies are released much more slowly due to hormonal differences during menstruation, therefore, the virus that has entered the body does not feel any special resistance from the body. Other processes, such as metabolism, are also slowing down.

Not rarely, the disease occurs immediately before menstruation, which is associated with the same reasons: a decrease in immunity and the preparation of the body for renewal.

However, gynecologists warn women to exercise increased vigilance, because it is known that sore throat and runny nose may indicate that the woman became pregnant. In this case, the immunity also weakens, passing a malicious virus into the body without a fight.

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What to look for after an illness?

The body can not immediately recover after suffering ailment. This is due not only to stress, but also the need to take medicines that are not always harmless to the body. Therefore, menstruation may not go as usual.

But it is necessary to look at your feelings on the work of the urinary system. Having suffered such a serious blow, they may not work as before. You can notice this by:

  • The unpleasant smell of ordinary secretions
  • Change the color of vaginal secretions, their texture,
  • Frequent urging to the toilet,
  • Not ending pain in the abdomen.

Examination by a doctor is very important

The disease could have a negative effect on the state of the uterus and urinary system. Therefore, after recovery, you should contact your clinic and be examined by a therapist. Women should not run their healthAfter all, such trifles can contribute to the development of serious pathologies, as well as interfere with the process of carrying a healthy child.

Influenza and menstrual cycle: failures, recovery, what to be treated 1

The female body is durable and fragile at the same time. Many circumstances affect his work, and in a most unexpected way.

It would seem, what does a viral disease have to do with menstrual dysfunction? But the monthly flu may become unrecognizable. They are often delayed if a woman has had an infection.

And the flu itself, if it coincides in time with critical days, is treated a little differently.

The relationship between the menstrual cycle and hormones

The hormonal system of the woman is controlled by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The hypothalamus is a very sensitive part of the brain, susceptible to the slightest stress, disorder, infection.

That is why ARI can cause violations in his work.

In turn, this also affects the functions of the pituitary gland, the main organ of the endocrine system, which produces the hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, follicle-stimulating and luteinizing.

Follicle-stimulating hormone accelerates the growth and maturation of the follicle, and also affects the production of estrogen (estradiol). Luteinizing hormone is responsible for ovulation and progesterone production.

Catarrhal diseases and menstrual cycle

Any disease, including colds, is stressful for the woman’s body. In a state of stress, it slows down the production of luteinizing hormone.

That is why it is possible to delay menstruation with a cold. However, do not worry much: usually failures of the menstrual cycle of this nature - a temporary phenomenon.

Restoration of its regularity occurs over a period of one to two months.

Cycle violations

The delay of menstruation usually lasts from 2 to 6-7 days, depending on the severity of the cold. With longer delays, it is worth to consult a doctor.

There are also other menstrual irregularities (may be accompanied by a delay): spotting after the end of menstruation or their appearance in the middle of a cycle, pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, longer and copious periods than usually or vice versa.

What can be done in case of delayed

The main thing that needs to be done in case of a delay caused by a cold is to heal and rest, not to allow hypothermia. Do not carry the disease "on your feet", it is better to take sick leave and stay alone: ​​in the days of the disease especially want to sleep, and this is the body's natural reaction to infection.

At this time, intensive exercise and drinking alcohol are not recommended. It is necessary to ensure the flow of fresh air into the room, as well as monitor the humidity: lack of moisture contributes to the spread of colds.

You need to drink a lot of fluids - chamomile or lime tea with honey, tea with lemon, ginger, currant, raspberry, hot milk with cocoa butter, and also take vitamin C. ), often brush your teeth.

Can monthly go if the girl has caught a cold or if the girl has got a cold, they won't go

I wrote to all others with a question earlier and I will write the same to you! female body is individual and unique! anything can affect our cycle! weather, stress, illness, a banal change of biorhythms (for example, it was my own time — I went to bed late and got up late, and started to get up early) physical activities and exercises! in general, any little thing! If you have a delay, do pregnancy tests every 2 days (because it is in such a progression that the level of hCG increases!) and go to the gynecologist without fail!

Monthly come in any case, except for pregnancy ... cold does not affect the cycle ...

Fedor Banar

Each organism has its own individualities, and yet I do not admit that the absence of menstruation is associated with a cold. If a girl has caught a cold, there can be a slight change in the cycle, but there can be no dramatic changes. In such cases, you need to be checked by a gynecologist to prevent pregnancy instead of a cold. Take care of your health.

gold fish

It may be like a delay to start earlier, but in any case, if you have a suspicion of pregnancy (there was a dangerous sexual relationship), do a test.

Watching how to catch a cold! If you sit on a concrete cold slab, for example, it can fail and your period will not come or come later, but it will be a very bad cold and it is better not to catch a cold.

Delay of menstruation after flu - the main reasons

The female body is very complex and at the same time quite fragile. Therefore, there are numerous questions on its functioning.

For example, various failures in a menstrual cycle should cause suspicions and induce the woman to address to the gynecologist. The delay can be both good news about pregnancy and a negative indicator of the disease.

However, it may appear after the flu. Let's talk about this phenomenon on

Что такое задержка?

У каждой женщины могут быть задержки по различным причинам. Даже элементарный стресс в преддверии месячных может привести к появлению кровотечения в более поздние сроки. What is the delay? This is the absence of menstruation in due time, which is mainly 28-35 days.

If the dates do not go monthly, then you should find out the reason. A natural cause is pregnancy, in which the absence of menstruation is the norm. All other reasons can be attributed to undesirable factors that violate the monthly cycle.

If the violation of the cycle occurred once, then there should be no cause for concern. Often, tight diets or constant stress affect the female reproductive system.

However, if the menstrual cycle is permanently disturbed, this may indicate the occurrence of pathologies.

This can be associated with both the reproductive system and other systems of the body that simply affect the menstrual cycle.

In any case, permanent delays and irregularities in menstruation should encourage a woman to consult a gynecologist to undergo examinations and find out the causes of such violations.

What is the relationship between menstruation and flu?

Any delay in menstruation should force a woman to pay attention to her body and keep track of its causes. After suffering the flu, such a delay is quite possible for 7-10 days from the date, because the body has suffered stress. However, if a week after the scheduled date did not go monthly, you should contact your gynecologist.

Normally, if the monthly go regularly, begin and end as usual. On average, the menstrual cycle is 28 days. Sometimes he can reach only 21 days, and for some women - 30-35 days.

All of this is individual, which depends on age, individual characteristics, body mass, etc. If monthly periods are regular and as usual, then there is no cause for concern.

If suddenly there was a long delay, the monthly went more abundant or, conversely, more scarce, then you should pay attention to it.

Colds, flu, weather changes, even climate change can affect the onset of a delay. Undoubtedly, it is not necessary to worry in this case, if over time the menstruation is restored.

However, if permanent delays appear, you should consult a doctor.

Early detection of pathology will give favorable prognoses when the disease will be identified and cured, which is easy to do at the initial stages.

How to understand that there was a delay?

Every woman should pay attention to their own state of health. The delay can occur singularly, for example, after an acute respiratory viral infection, influenza, malnutrition or stress. This may be accompanied by some symptoms, which can be understood that there was a delay:

  • Lower abdominal pain. However, this symptom may appear at the beginning of menstruation on a monthly basis, which more likely indicates a hormonal disturbance.
  • Scanty bleeding, a different consistency and even color of discharge.

Anxiety should be beaten, if the monthly does not occur more than 5 days, but the woman is experiencing pain in the lower abdomen. Also, such delays occur monthly, constantly.

If a woman does not seek medical help, then delays can lead to:

  1. Polycystic.
  2. Ovarian dysfunction.
  3. Salpingoophoritis.
  4. Myome uterus. In this case, abdominal pain occurs both before and after menstruation. The discharge itself can be both abundant and scanty at any stage of menstruation.

If there is a delay in which the chest hurts badly, it is necessary to contact a gynecologist or breast specialist (women over 35 years old). Here, symptoms may indicate:

  1. Mastopathy.
  2. Formations or nodes in the mammary gland.

It is better to undergo a diagnosis of the body to refute or confirm suspicions. The sooner the treatment is prescribed, the greater the chances of avoiding various surgical interventions that accurately affect the woman’s visual appeal.

A delay of 2-3 days is normal, especially if it was preceded by acute respiratory viral infections, influenza and other diseases that deplete the body. Over time, menstruation will recover.

What to do with a long delay and a negative test?

The normal cause of a long delay is pregnancy. To confirm this suspicion, you must pass a pregnancy test. Basal temperature measurements will also be effective. In the morning after sleep it is necessary, without getting out of bed, to use a mercury (and not electronic) thermometer to measure the temperature in the rectum.

It is possible to measure the temperature in the vagina or in the mouth, but the temperature indicators are more accurate in the rectum. Insert a thermometer no more than 2 cm and hold for 5 minutes. If the thermometer shows a temperature of more than 37 degrees, it may indicate a pregnancy.

The appearance of pregnancy can be confirmed in other ways:

  • Urinalysis, which contains an increased amount of special protein. It appears after fertilization of the egg in a week.
  • Blood test for hCG. Already after 6-24 hours after fertilization, certain markers in the blood increase, which also indicates the presence of pregnancy.

The most affordable way to detect pregnancy is a test that is sold in pharmacies. However, it can be false. Therefore, when a negative test appears, however, if there is a long delay, you should still contact a gynecologist.

Urinalysis may be unsuccessful, since the fertilized egg may not reach the walls of the uterus and die. If the fertilized egg is fixed outside the walls of the uterus, then an ectopic pregnancy occurs, which is dangerous for the woman.

Is it possible to cause monthly during a delay?

Intentionally provoking menstruation during a delay is not safe, which should be remembered. Here apply Postinor, Mifegin, Non-ovlon, Duphaston. It is better to use these drugs only as prescribed by doctors and in small quantities. Abuse and regular use of such drugs can lead to irregular periods and even the inability to conceive a child in the future.

To normalize menstruation with amenorrhea, Pulsatilla should be used, which is used for up to 6 months.

You can use the popular recipes to call monthly:

  • Apply in large quantities after eating ascorbic acid.
  • Make a decoction of onion peel and drink a glass a day.
  • From the top of the gladiolus to make a candle and enter into the vagina. After a day go monthly.
  • Get a hot bath and a good steam. However, with gastritis and ulcers, it is better not to use this method.

The forecast of events depends on the cause of the delay. If the delay is caused by a temporary disease, then you should not worry. However, with the appearance of pathologies, one should undergo treatment, since undesirable complications may develop.